India is one of the few countries whose style was not dramatically influence of vague than other parts artistice.Cand current cuoscute Hindu became for the first time in Europe, by translating the song SAKUNTALA in 1789 by Sir William Jones, it was thought that Greek literature , the fourth in India, has influenced their style. But this idea is no longer valid today. Most critics say that I agree with the hypothesis of originality and lack of influence of the Hindu drama, which is nothing more than the result of local genius. Playwright Bhasi or Bahrta of work which have been recovered and published 13 papers, is regarded as the founder, or rather his father indian.Exista theater considerable confusion about the true author of many pieces, knowing that is used as best works often be attributed to the leader behind the true writer, material supporting it.
Language and lines
The play, otherwise long, begins with a soloist, which followed by a dialogue between the organizer and one of its actors, compliment and thank the audience that they chose to come to mink piece, then replies with a game piece starts imperceptibly. During the changing scenery between scenes and acts, the public is maintained by a music band. Most of the play is in prose but most tense scenes are rendered in verse, is very popular quatrain. While the gods and heroes imporatante characters speak this language pretentiosa, the lyrics, women, slaves, together with other characters neimporatnte, speaking lower class.
Manifestations of an inner passion comes from love, is not allowed, as eate not allowed any expression of feelings of hatred, jealousy, anger or anything else that could be sexual or violent connotations. Anger is turned into melancholy, kissing, sleeping, eating, scratching, all gestures are considered private and are prohibited as blasphemy, slander, plagiarism.
There are characters typical of the stubborn slave, hero boyfriend. Other processes such as artistic frame story, and finding lost objects, treasures, intervention of gods in search of truth are as popular in India as anywhere else in the world.
Usually teatruluiera building a concert hall or courtyard of the palace.Amenanjarea scene was very simple, with chairs, thrones, and occasionally gig pulled by actors disguised as animals. Masks and costumes are not quite used consisted of clothing all day. There is no distinction between tragedy and comedy for they fit together often, always with a happy ending song
Parts of the aristocracy were organized for occasions like coronations, weddings, holidays, birth of a son of a king. Profession actor was treated with respect and not forbidding any women to go on stage. Much importance has promoted a very inpiesele Hindu, that of finding the absolute ultimate sacrifice, aiming to reveal the Indian dramaturgy and philosophy socila powerful sense of faith.
It cuosc than 100 pieces written in India between 400 and 900, parts, carrying out a real interest on students today. Between those years lived two of the greatest playwrights of all time, and Bhavabuti Kalidasa whose works have been attributed to kings and Criharsha Sudraka. Only three dramas each author survived the passage of time.
The most famous in Europe is part Sakuntala, translated by Sir William Jones song in 1789. She created a deep impression on school children as Goethe and created something like a trend. It is in seven acts and the story is removed from the first book Mahabharatei. Her hero, Dushyanta, very areciat afost a king of antiquity. Dialogue is always poetic and relevant and the action is placed in a space located on the border between the real and supernatural. Because emotional load, versified form, power of imagination, was declared by the brilliant Arthur Symons market of all time.
ORIGINS OF THEATRE Hindu
First came the Veda, and divine race population pamantul.Rig Veda is the oldest form of theater Hindu, and most genuine literary monument of Aryan civilization. Rig hymns, praised the grandeur of nature and its strength, especially Indra, the thunderous and Agni, the fire goddess celestru and land. Aborigines color of Punjab appreciated not ignored song Sanskrit and Vedic but the new breed that resulted from dasyus grew and developed under the influence sancritei and learned the language. However, were not allowed to study the Rig Veda, which remained a defining element of higher castes. Myself than high social class people did not have spiritual regeneration.
Atharva Veda, composed of the old nature of words, magic and exorcism, a new mass population Sanskrit vocabulary. This is not so easily accepted afost and perseverance it took to enter it in the sacred canons. While Rig Veda consists of prayers dedicated to the impressive natural features, Atharva is dedicated elemnetelor harmful nature and thirst for occult powers.
Atharva, is chronologically speaking junior Sama Veda, book of songs passages Rig and Yajur Veda only, which contains meant reciting Vedic liturgy during services slaughter.
After the administration of creation, was the golden era, in which people lived laolalta.Apoi God, followed by silver period, when mankind has strayed from the path to divinity and each has followed the path. Conflicts and killings darkened the existence of people, but God was merciful and separate the sexes, because only love can unite them again. My heart started to lust externalizing feelings and human being lost his power of introspection. The five sense organs have evolved for both men and gods as to be able to satisfy your thirst for external communication.
Indra, the gods determined, appeared before the throne of god-father and said: . Atuci Creator He thought of the deepest and the thinking was born Naty’s Veda Veda that is theater. That was God’s will that created the 5th Veda, the drama, the other four elements: dance of the Rig, the Sama song, gesture of Yajur, and passion of Athrva. Brahma asked him then to Vishwakarma, the architect celestru, to build a scene Indrei Eden.
This is theater legend Hindu origin. In reality, it has evolved from ancestral custom of reciting verses from the national social and religious gatherings. Ganga region tribes were famous for recitatorilor local talent. Words designating the name of these ancestors of today’s actors were Magadha and Bharat. Hindu representations were held in places where it is practiced worship of the gods, and because they were so beautiful were often in public and representatives of royalty, shows the amazing extent. In rainy season, the location moves to the temple preaching desk. One of the actors translated Sanskrit people of lower castes of society. All last few weeks, night after night, without interruption.
After a while, Sanskrit came to be known by everyone and there was no need of specialized actors. All bands have now been added and musical performances to give a stronger savoie act.
The oldest Indian dramas were composed in Sanskrit but in Prakriti. Maha-Bharata and Ramayana offers inexhaustible sources of inspiration, as in Europe offers today, the Bible. Even so, at first, Sanvâda Prakriti, Prakriti drama ie, represent a concentration of mysteries because he believed that either Krishna or Shiva danced mostly on stage. Many people came to attend the outdoor performances. Veda priests, intended to steal from all parts of their faith in contrast with popular two primordial gods, but sândavele because their noisy joy and appreciation that were part, survived and was played even in Sanskrit, morelater. Although reduced the gods to simple stage characters, sândavele have enjoyed immense popularity among people from all castes. Topics such as the relationship between Krishna and Arjun or mystical colloquies held by Shiva and Kali Tantras about later developments are only the old theater Prakriti, which even in the Rig Veda period were not fully understood.
Two of the most famous playwrights and Prakriti are Saumilla Bhasi.
Bharata has designed a treatise on dramatic art. This essay, full of words Prakriti, most designating indications of direction, listing a lot of terms and dialects pârakrite that can serve, according to ancient traditions, the staging of a play. All they related to language characters that had to be more colorful and more diverse, dialectically speaking, that what is on stage to be in harmony with social reality of those times. This has created some types then steered playwrights and they held as slaves language that had to be vulgar without violating propriety rules, which aristocracy language had to be chosen, without being too difficult to understand and so on.
Bharti, which has become the theater tultelar Hindu god, is not foremost a person certified historic gaining scale a symbol, as Vyasa or Manu. His name may be directly related to precious books Sutra Bharti, who lost time vortex.Because these books, the stage directions that are under his signature and the actors, who are called Bharti, Bharti has its existing real imaginary. Bharti Sutra was considered sacred for its age and value, by Kâlidâsha and other great playwrights. Why we wonder then that myth developed Bharti had copied the books of the fifth Veda, which is believed to be a creation of Brahma himself?