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CITIES OF INDIA

CITIES OF INDIA


Calcutta

 

Although names have been mentioned in Kalika rent-roll of the great Mughal emperor Akbar and also in Manas-Mangal, to explore the history of Calcutta, we must go back to the 17th century. It WAS in 1690 …. Job Charnock cam on the bank of the river Hooghly (it’s the part of the Ganges) and took the lease of Three Large Villages Along the east bank of the river – the cloth, Govindapur and Kolikata (Calcutta) as a trading post of British East India Company. It was in 1690 …. Job Charnock came on the river Hooghly (is part of the Ganges) and took the lease of three large villages on the east bank of the river – the cloth, and Kolikata Govindapur (Calcutta) as a trading post of British East India Company. The site WAS carefully selected, Being protected by the Hooghly River on the west, the creek to the north, and by salt lakes about two and a half miles on the east. The site was carefully selected, being protected by the Hooghly River to the west, a creek north, and salt lakes about two miles and a half east. Three tissue Villages Were bought by the British from local landlords. These three villages were bought by the British from local owners. The Mughal emperor Granted East India Company freedom of trade in return for a yearly payment of 3000 Rupees. Mogul emperor granted East India Company freedom of trade in exchange for a yearly payment of 3,000 rupees.

Before the British cam Calcutta WAS just a village, the capital city of Bengal WAS Murshidabad, about 60 miles north of Calcutta. Before the British came Calcutta was only a village, the capital of Bengal was Murshidabad, around 60 miles north of Calcutta. In 1756, Siraj-ud-daullah, Nawab of Bengal, attacked the city and captured the fort. In 1756, Siraj-ud-daullah, Nawab of Bengal, attacked the city and captured the fort. WAS Calcutta in 1757 by Robert Clive recaptured the British defeated Siraj-When wet-on the battlefield of Plassey daullah and recaptured the city. Calcutta was recaptured in 1757 by Robert Clive when the British defeated Siraj-ud-daullah battlefield of Plassey and retook the city. Warren Hastings, the first Governor-General of India, made it the seat of the Supreme Courts of justice and the supreme revenue administration, and Calcutta Became the capital of British India in 1772. Were all important offices from Murshidabad to Calcutta subsequently Moved. Warren Hastings, first Governor General of India, made it the headquarters supreme courts of justice and the supreme revenue administration, and Calcutta became the capital of British India in 1772. All important offices were later moved from Murshidabad to Calcutta. By 1800 Calcutta ever had become a busy and flourishing town, the center of the cultural as well as the Political and economic life of Bengal. By 1800 Calcutta became a thriving and busy city, the cultural, economic and political life of Bengal.

Calcutta Became the center of all cultural and Political Movements in entire India.Calcutta became the center of all cultural and political movements all over India.The 19 th century Renaissance and Reformation in India WAS pioneered in this city. Renaissance and Reformation 19 century in India was a pioneer in this city.Raja Rammohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Swami Vivekananda, Rabindra Nath Tagore, Jagadish Chandra Bose, Satyendra Nath Bose (co-author of Bose-Einstein Theory) Many more eminent Personalities and enhanced the cultural heritage of the city of Calcutta .Raja Rammohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Swami Vivekananda, Rabindra Nath Tagore, Jagadish Chandra Bose, Satyendra Nath Bose (co-author of the Bose-Einstein theory) and much improved the most eminent personalities of the cultural heritage of the city Calcutta.

Till 1912, Calcutta WAS the capital of India, When the British Moved the capital city to Delhi. By 1912, Calcutta was the capital of India when the British moved their capital to Delhi. In 1947, When India gained freedom and the country got partitioned between India and Pakistan, Calcutta WAS included in the Indian part of Bengal, West Bengal. In 1947, when India gained freedom and the country was divided between India and Pakistan, Calcutta was included in the Indian part of Bengal, West Bengal. Calcutta Became the capital city of the state of West Bengal. Calcutta became the capital of West Bengal state.

A Brief History of Calcutta

· August 1690, Job Charnok, an agent of East India Company (established 1600) settles in Calcutta.

· 1698 East India Co.. bought Three Villages (cassock, Kolkata, Gobindapur) from local landlord Sabarna Chowdhury. 1698 East India Co. bought three villages (cassock, Kolkata, Gobindapur) from local owner Sabarna Chowdhury.

· 1699 Developing Calcutta East India Company started as a Presidency city.1699 East India Company started developing Calcutta as a Presidency city.

· 1715 British people completed building the Old Fort. 1715 British people completed building the Old Fort.

· The Mughal emperor Farrukh-1717 siyar Granted the East India Company freedom of trade in return for a yearly payment of 3000 Rupees. 1717 Mughal emperor Farrukh-siyar East India Company granted free trade in exchange for an annual payment of 3,000 rupees.

· 1727 As per the order of King George I WAS set up a civil court. 1727 In accordance with the order of King George I, a civil court was established. The city corporation and Hallwell WAS ESTABLISHED Became the first mayor of the city.Profit Hallwell town was established and became the first mayor.

· 1756 Siraj-ud-daulla attacks Calcutta and conquered. 1756 Siraj-ud-daulla attacks Calcutta and conquered. He Changed the name of the city to Alinagar. He renamed the city in Alinagar.

· 23 rd June 1757, British people (under the leadership of Clive) defeated Siraj-id-daulla at Plassey. 1757 June 23, the British people (under the leadership of Clive) defeated Siraj-id-daulla at Plassey. Subsequently recaptured the Calcutta WAS. Calcutta was recaptured later.

· 1757 British first printed currency bill in Calcutta mint. 1757 British first printed currency bill in Calcutta mint.

· 1765 Clive took Bengal, Bihar and Orissa from Badsha Alam II (Delhi) with agreement of paying excises year. 1765 Clive took Bengal, Bihar and Orissa from Badsha Alam II (Delhi), with an agreement to pay duty.

Calcutta 1772 · Became the capital of British India When the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad. 1772 Calcutta became the capital of British India when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices in the city from Murshidabad.

· 1780 James Hicky décidées the printing press and published first news paper, „The Bengal Gazzetta”. 1780 James Hicky established a printing press and first newspaper published „Bengal Gazette”.

· 1784 The first official news paper, „The Calcutta Gazzetta” WAS published.1784 First official newspaper, „Calcutta Gazette” was published.

· 1784 Sir William Jones took initiative and ESTABLISHED The Asian Society.1784 Sir William Jones took initiative and established an Asian society.

Fort William College · 1801 WAS ESTABLISHED. 1801 Fort William College was established.

· 1804 The Governor House (Raj Bhawan Presently) WAS built. 1804 Governor House (presently Raj Bhawan) was built.

· 1818 First Bengali Magazine, „Digdarshan” WAS published from Sreerampur, with the help of David Hare. 1818 First Bengali Magazine, „Digdarshan” was published by Sreerampur, by David Hare.

· 1817 The Hindu College (Presently Presidency College) WAS ESTABLISHED with efforts of Rammohan Roy, David Hare and Radhakanta Dev. 1817 Hindu College (now Presidency College) was established with the efforts of Rammohan Roy, David Hare and Radhakanta Dev. Initially started with 20 Students. Initially started with 20 students.

Rammohan Roy WAS 1829 · Successful in making ‘satidaho’ (a Hindu practice) banned by British General Bentinck. 1829 Rammohan Roy was successful in making „satidaho” (Hindu practice) banned by British General Bentinck.

· 1854 First Railways in India (from Calcutta to Hooghly). 1854 First Railways in India (from Calcutta to Hooghly).

· 1857 The University of Calcutta WAS ESTABLISHED. 1857 University of Calcutta was established.

· 1873 First Tram car (horse drawn) in Calcutta. 1873 The first tram (horse drawn) in Calcutta.

· 1875 „The Statesman”, leading English Daily newspaper, started. 1875 „The Statesman”, leading English Daily newspaper, started.

· 1875 The Indian Museum WAS built. 1875, Indian Museum was built.

1883 Surendra Nath Banerjee · Called for the National convention (Which led to the forming of Indian National Congress in 1885 at Bombay). 1883 Surendra Nath Banerjee called for a national convention (which led to the formation of Indian National Congress in 1885, in Bombay).

ESTABLISHED 1888 · Indian Football Association. 1888 Indian Football set.

· 1896 First motor car appeared on city’s street. 1896 First motor car appeared on city streets.

· 1902 First Electric tram car from Esplanade to Kidderepore. 1902 First Electric tram car from Esplanade Kidderepore.

· 1905 Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India, tried to partition Bengal. 1905 Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India, tried to partition Bengal. There Was a strong protest. There was a strong protest. And finally it WAS Withdrawn. And finally was withdrawn.

· Moved the 1911 British capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911 British moved the capital from Calcutta to Delhi in India

· 1913 Rabindranath Tagore, the great philosopher, poet and writer received Nobel Prize in literature. 1913 Rabindranath Tagore, the great philosopher, poet and writer received the Nobel Prize for Literature.

· 1921 King Edward VIII inaugurated the Victoria Memorial building. 1921 King Edward VIII opened the Victoria Memorial Building.

· Chittaranjan Das 1924, WAS elected as the first Indian mayor of the city of Calcutta. 1924 Chittaranjan Das, was chosen mayor the first Indian city of Calcutta.

· 1929 Agnes Gonxha Bejaxhiu (Mother Teresa), cam to Calcutta to join Bengal Loreto mission. 1929 Agnes Gonxha Bejaxhiu (Mother Teresa), came to Calcutta to join Bengal Loreto mission.

· 1941 Died Tagore. Tagore died in 1941.

· 1946 communal riot Killed thousands of people in and around the city. 1946 Communal riot killed thousands of people in and around the city.

· 1947 India gained Independence. 1947 India won independence. WAS partitioned Bengal, Calcutta Became the capital city of the state of West Bengal in India. Bengal was divided, Calcutta became the capital of West Bengal state of India. Dr. Prafulla Chandra Ghosh Became the first Chief Minister of West Bengal, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy FOLLOWED BY. Dr. Prafulla Chandra Ghosh became the first Chief Minister of West Bengal, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy followed. Calcutta and surrounding places Were flooded with people from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) as a result of the partition. Calcutta and surrounding places were flooded with people from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), following the partition.

· 1977 Left Front led by CPI (M) Party won the election and cam member into the power of the State Government. 1977 left front led by CPI (M) Party won the elections of state and government came to power state. It is Continuing in power for a record stretch of time. It remains in power for a record stretch of time.

· Mother Teresa WAS 1979 Awarded Nobel Peace Prize. 1979 Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

· 1984 Metro Railway, the first underground railway in India, started from Tollygunge to Esplanade. 1984 Metro railway, the first underground railway in India, started from Tollygunge to Esplanade.

· 1989 Late Satyajit Ray, eminent film director received Legion d’Honour, the Highest Civilian Award of France from President F. Mitterrand in Calcutta. 1989 Late Satyajit Ray, eminent film director received Legion of Honor d ‘highest civilian award of France from President F. Mitterrand in Calcutta.

· 1992 Satyajit Ray received prestigious Oscar award for „Life Time Achievement” and „Bharat Ratnam”. He Died in the Same year. Satyajit Ray was awarded the prestigious 1992 Oscar for „Life Time Achievement” and „Bharat Ratnam”. He died the same year.

· Died 1997 Mother Teresa in Calcutta. 1997 Mother Teresa died in Calcutta.

· 1998 Amartya Sen (Grew up in Shantiniketan and studied at Calcutta) received Nobel Prize in 1998 Ecomonics Amartya Sen (grew up in Shantiniketan and studied at Calcutta) received Nobel Prize in Ecomonics

· 2001 WAS officially Renamed Calcutta as ‘Kolkata’. 2001 Calcutta was officially renamed as ‘Kolkata’.

Rabindranath Tagore[1861-1941] 

 

 

Rabindranath Tagore, the Nobel laureate poet, writer, philosopher was the ambassador of Indian culture to the rest of the world. Rabindranath Tagore, poet laureat Nobel, scriitor, filosof a fost ambasador al culturii indiene la restul lumii. He is probably the most prominent figure in the cultural world of Indian subcontinent and the first Asian to be awarded with Nobel prize. El este, probabil, figura cea mai proeminent în lumea culturală de subcontinentul indian şi primul din Asia care urmează să fie premiate cu Premiul Nobel. Even though he is mainly known as a poet, his multifaceted talent showered upon different branches of art, such as, novels, short stories, dramas, articles, essays, painting etc. Chiar dacă el este cunoscut mai ales ca poet, cu multiple faţete talentul său spalat pe diferite ramuri ale artei, cum ar fi, romane, nuvele, piese de teatru, articole, eseuri, pictura etc And his songs, popularly known as Rabindrasangeet , have an eternal appeal and is permanently placed in the heart of the Bengalis. Şi cântecele sale, cunoscută popular ca Rabindrasangeet, au o cale de atac veşnică şi este permanent plasat în inima bengalezi. He was a social reformer, patriot and above all, a great humanitarian and philosopher. El a fost un reformator social, patriot şi mai presus de toate, un umanist şi filozof mare. India and Bangladesh – the national anthems of these two countries are his composition. India şi Bangladesh – imnurile naţionale ale acestor două ţări sunt compozitia lui. 

Tagore was born on Tuesday, 7th May 1861 in a wealthy family in Calcutta at 6, Dwarakanath Thakur Lane, Calcutta. Tagore sa născut pe Marţi 1861-05-şapte într-o familie bogată din Calcuta la 6, Dwarakanath Lane, Thakur Calcuta. He was son of Debenadranath and Sarada Devi and the grand son of Dwarakanath Tagore, a rich landlord and social reformer. El a fost fiul lui Debenadranath şi Sarada Devi şi fiul marele Dwarakanath Tagore, un proprietar bogat şi reformator social. He could not cope with the conventional system of education and started study at home under several teachers.  He translated a part of Shakespare’s Macbeth into Bengali verse which was later published in Bharati magazine. El nu a putut face faţă cu sistemul convenţional de educaţie şi a început să studieze la domiciliu în cadrul mai multor profesori tradus. El o parte a lui Macbeth Shakespare în versetul bengali care ulterior a fost publicat în revista Bharati. His first book of poems, Kabi Kahini ( tale of a poet ) was published in 1878. prima sa carte de poezii, Kabi Kahini (poveste despre un poet) a fost publicată în 1878. In the same year, he sailed to England with his brother Satyandranath. În acelaşi an, el a navigat în Anglia cu Satyandranath fratele său. He got admitted into the University College in England and started studying under Prof Henry Morley. El a luat admişi în Colegiul Universitar din Anglia si a inceput sa studieze sub Prof Henry Morley. Retuned to India in 1880.Got married to Bhabatarini Devi in 1883 at the age of 22. Reacordata în India în 1880.Got căsătorit la Bhabatarini Devi în 1883 la vârsta de 22. Later her name was changed to Mrinalini Devi. By this time he had already been established as a leading writer of Bengali literature. Mai târziu, numele ei a fost schimbat la Mrinalini Devi. În acest timp el a fost deja stabilit ca un scriitor de conducere ale literaturii bengali. In 1890 Tagore attended session of Indian National Congress and on the opening day sang Vandemataram composed by Bankim Chandra Chattapadhayay, the exponent of novel in Bengali literature. În 1890 a participat Tagore sesiune a Congresului Naţional Indian şi în ziua de deschidere a cântat Vandemataram compus de Bankim Chandra Chattapadhayay, exponent al romanului în literatura bengali. In 1901 he took the editorial charge of the magazine Bangadarshan . În 1901 a luat sarcina de redacţie al revistei Bangadarshan. Got involved with freedom fighting movement.  Established Bolpur Bramhacharyaashram at Shantiniketan, a school in the pattern of old Indian Ashrama . S-au implicat în lupta împotriva mişcării libertate Ashrama. Infiintata Bolpur Bramhacharyaashram la Shantiniketan, o şcoală în modelul de vechi indian. He strongly protested Lord Curzon’s decision to divide Bengal on the basis of religion. El a protestat ferm Curzon decizia Domnul să împartă Bengal, pe baza de religie. Wrote a number of national songs and attended protest meetings. A scris o serie de cântece naţionale şi a participat la mitinguri de protest. He introduced the Rakhibandhan ceremony , symbolizing the underlying unity in undivided Bengal. El a introdus ceremonia Rakhibandhan, simbolizând unitatea de bază în nedivizat Bengal. In 1909 started writing Gitanjali at Silaidaha. Composed Janaganamana in 1911 which later became the national anthem of India. În 1909 a început să scrie la Gitanjali Silaidaha Janaganamana. Compus în 1911, care a devenit ulterior imnul naţional al Indiei. In 1912 went to Europe for the second time. În 1912 a mers în Europa pentru a doua oară. On his journey to London he translated into English some of his poems/songs from Gitanjali. Pe călătoriei sale la Londra, el a tradus în limba engleză unele dintre poemele sale / melodii din Gitanjali. He met William Rothenstein, a noted British painter, in London. El sa întâlnit William Rothenstein, un cunoscut pictor britanic, la Londra. Earlier he was introduced to Rothenstein in Calcutta at a gathering at  Abanindranath Tagore’s house before. Anterior el a fost introdus pentru a Rothenstein în Calcuta, la o adunare de la casa lui Tagore Abanindranath înainte. Rothenstien was impressed by the poems, made copies and gave to Yeats and other English poets. Rothenstien a fost impresionat de poezii, a făcut copii şi le-a dat Yeats şi engleză alţi poeţi. He arranged a reading in his house where Yeats read Tagore’s poems in front of a distinguished audience comprising of Ezra Pound, May Sinclair, Ernest Rhys etc. Tagore sailed for America ( for the first time ) from England. El a aranjat o lectură în casa lui, unde Yeats citit poeziile lui Tagore în faţa unei audienţe atât de distinse format din Ezra Pound, Sinclair mai, Ernest Rhys etc Tagore navigat pentru America (pentru prima dată), din Anglia. Reached New York, came to Urbana, Illinois, gave a lecture and went to Chicago. In the mean time  Gitanjali ( song offerings ) containing 103 translated poems of Tagore was published in London. A ajuns la New York, a venit la Urbana, Illinois, a dat o prelegere şi a plecat la Chicago. În timp Gitanjali (oferte cântec), care conţine 103 poeme traduse de Tagore a fost publicat la Londra. Yeats wrote the introduction for this book and Rothenstein did a pencil sketch for the cover page. Yeats a scris această carte pentru introducerea şi Rothenstein a făcut o schiţă creion pentru pagina de însoţire. The book created a sensation in the English literary world. Cartea a creat o senzaţie în lumea literară engleză. Tagore delivered lectures in Rochester, Boston, Harvard University. Tagore prelegeri în Rochester, Boston, Universitatea Harvard. Ezra Pound’s ” Poetry ” Magazine published from Chicago had the honor of publishing the first English poem of Tagore. Ezra Pound „Poezie”, revistă publicată de la Chicago a avut onoarea de a publica în limba engleză Primul poem de Tagore. His six Gitanjali poems appeared in Poetry in December, 1912 issue. Cei şase poeme Gitanjali apărut în Poezie, în decembrie, 1912 problemă. The poet returned to Calcutta. 13th November, 1913, Indians came to know that the Nobel prize for literature had been awarded to Tagore for Gitanjali . Poetul a revenit la Calcuta noiembrie. 13, 1913, indienii au venit să ştie că premiul Nobel pentru literatură a fost atribuit Tagore pentru Gitanjali. On 26th Decemeber, University of Calcutta conferred on him the honorary degree of „D.Litt.”. Received Knighthood in 1915. La 26 Decemeber, Universitatea din Calcuta care îi sunt conferite de gradul onorific de D. Litt. „.” Cavalerilor primite în 1915. Proceeded to Japan in 1916. A procedat la Japonia în 1916. On his way gave speeches at Rangoon, Singapore, Hongkong. Pe drum, au susţinut discursuri la Rangoon, Singapore, Hongkong. In September, 1916 got invitation from different institutions in USA and reached Seattle ( Washington). În septembrie 1916, primit invitaţia de la diferite instituţii în Statele Unite ale Americii şi a ajuns la Seattle (Washington). Lectured at Portland, San Fransisco, Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, Salt Lake City, Chicago, Iowa, Milwakee, Detroit, Cleveland, Philadelphia, Boston. Conferenţiat la Portland, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, Salt Lake City, Chicago, Iowa, Milwakee, Detroit, Cleveland, Philadelphia, Boston. At Columbia Theatre, New York read translation from his novel Raja . La Teatrul Columbia, New York citit traducere de la Raja romanul său. Returned to Calcutta in 1917. Revenit la Calcuta în 1917. In 1919, the poet started a tour to South India. În 1919, poetul a început un turneu de Sud India. Delivered lectures on different topics at Bangalore, Mysroe, Ooty, Coimbatore, Palghat, Salem, Trichy, Sirangapatnam, Kumbakonam, Tanjore and Madras. Prelegeri pe teme diferite de la Bangalore, Mysroe, Ooty, Coimbatore, Palghat, Salem, Trichy, Sirangapatnam, Kumbakonam, Tanjore şi Madras. At Madras spoke as Chancellor of National University, founded by Annie Besant and stayed as a guest of Mr. Besant at Adyar. In 1919, he wrote a historic letter to Lord Chelmsford repudiating his Knighthood in protest against the massacre at Jalianwalabag, Punjab. In 1920 he went to Gandhiji’s Sabarmati Ashram and visited Ahmedabad, Surat and Bombay. La Madras vorbit cancelar al Universitatii Nationale, fondat de Annie Besant şi a rămas ca un oaspete de domnul Besant la Adyar,. În 1919 a scris o scrisoare istorică a Domnului Chelmsford nefiind de acord Cavalerilor său în semn de protest faţă de masacrul de la Jalianwalabag, Punjab. În 1920 el a mers la Gandhiji lui Sabarmati Ashram şi a vizitat Ahmedabad, Surat şi Bombay. Call came from Europe again in 1920. Apel a venit din Europa din nou în 1920. Delivered lectures at New York, Princeton, Chicago and came back to Europe. His effort to raise fund for Viswabharati was not very fruitful in America, mostly because he was seen as an anti-British and pro-German. Prelegeri la New York, Princeton, Chicago şi a venit înapoi în Europa. Efortul lui de a mobiliza fondul pentru Viswabharati nu a fost foarte fructuoasă în America, mai ales pentru că el a fost văzut ca un anti-britanice şi pro-germană. He continued talks at Geneva, Zurich, Humburg, Copenhaegen, Stockholm, Berlin, Frankfurt, Vienna, Prague and in other cities. El a continuat negocierile de la Geneva, Zurich, Humburg, Copenhaegen, Stockholm, Berlin, Frankfurt, Viena, Praga şi în alte oraşe. In 1921, established Viswabharati University . În 1921, a stabilit Viswabharati Universitatea. He gave all his money from Nobel Prize and royalty money from his books to this University. El a dat toţi banii de la Premiul Nobel şi bani de redevenţe de la cărţile lui la această universitate. Went to Bombay and from there to Poona. A mers la Bombay şi de acolo la Poona. Visited and lectured at Mysore, Bangalore,Coimbatore, Trivandam, Cochin and Colombo.  Got invitation from China and visited Sanghai, Peiking. Vizitat şi a ţinut prelegeri la Mysore, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Trivandam, Cochin şi Colombo invitaţia Got. Din China şi a vizitat Sanghai, Peiking. Visited Japan again in this tour. Japonia a vizitat din nou în acest tur. Went to South America. Sa dus la America de Sud. Met Argentine poet Madam Victoria Ocampo at Buenos Ayres. Argentina Met poet Doamnă Victoria Ocampo, la Buenos Ayres. The poet gave her a name , Vijaya and wrote Purabi – a collection of poems dedicated to her. Poetul ia dat un nume, şi a scris Vijaya Purabi – o colecţie de poezii dedicate ei. On the return journey visited Italy and lectured in Milan, Venice, Florence. Pe drumul de întoarcere a vizitat Italia şi a ţinut prelegeri în Milano, Veneţia, Florenţa. Mahatma Gandhi visited Santiniketan on the poet’s birthday. Mahatma Gandhi a vizitat Santiniketan pe poet ziua de nastere. In 1926 visited Dacca, Moimonsingha, Comilla. În 1926 a vizitat Dacca, Moimonsingha, Comilla. Visited Europe again and this time went to Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Huungary, Bulgaria, Rumania, Greece and Egypt. Europa a vizitat din nou şi de data aceasta a mers la Norvegia, Suedia, Danemarca, Cehoslovacia, Huungary, Bulgaria, România, Grecia şi Egipt. In 1927 went to Malayasia, Java, Thailand. În 1927 a plecat la Malayasia, Java, Thailanda. In 1929 Canada. În 1929, Canada. In 1930 Russia. Rusia în 1930. In 1932 Iran, Iraq. În 1932 Iran, Irak. And in 1934 to SriLanka. Şi în 1934 la Srilanka. In 1940 Oxford University arranged a special ceremony in Santiniketan to honor the poet with Doctorate Of Literature. În 1940 Universitatea Oxford a organizat o ceremonie specială în Santiniketan în onoarea poetului cu doctorat de Literatură. Tagore passed away on 7th August, 1941. Tagore a murit pe 07 august 1941. Sad demise of his beloved ones came almost in a procession but with the placidity of a yogi he tolerated the shock and it never could stop both his creative and constructive activities. dispariţia Sad de Dragilor lui a venit aproape într-o procesiune, dar cu calm de un yoghin el tolerat de şoc şi nu-l putea opri ambele sale constructive şi activităţi creative. In all his literary output he searched after the eternal values of life: human, aesthetic and deeply spiritual; his songs specially are endowed with all the different shades and forms of love which often transcends to the love for God and also God’s love for man. În toate sale de ieşire literar el a cautat după valorile eterne ale vieţii: umane, estetice şi profund spirituale; cântecele sale special sunt dotate cu toate nuante diferite şi forme de iubire care de multe ori transcende la dragoste pentru Dumnezeu şi, de asemenea, Iubirea lui Dumnezeu pentru om. 


Swami Vivekananda [1863-1902]


Swami Vivekananda sa născut Narendranath Dutta, fiul unui cunoscut avocat bine în Calcuta, Biswanath Dutta, precum şi un inteligent şi foarte pios doamnă, Bhuvaneswari Devi, în anul 1863.Chiar şi în copilărie foarte Narendranath dezvoltat puterea de gândire independentă şi ar spune: în punctul unde am greşit, dar de ce ar trebui să vă obiect să independente gândirea mea?El a fost un lider natural.El a fost mult mai căutat de către persoane din cauza diferitelor realizarile sale.Narendranath trecut de examen de admitere la Institutul Metropolitan şi FA şi examinări BA de la Adunarea Generală a instituţiei (acum Scottish Church College).Hastie, directorul Colegiului, a fost extrem de impresionat de filozofice Insight Naren.Acesta a fost din Hastie că el a auzit prima dată de Sri Ramakrishna.Ca un student de Filozofie, căutarea lui Dumnezeu ars în mintea lui.Există un Dumnezeu?Dacă există un Dumnezeu, ceea ce este El?Ce este omul lui relaţie cu El?El a crea această lume care este atât de plină de anomalii?O relaţie de folosit lui să-l sfătui să viziteze Ramakrishna la Dakshineswar, care, a spus el, ar putea elimina toate îndoielile sale cu privire religion.As zilele au trecut, Naren a început să crească agitat despre ghicitori diferitele că religia prezentat la el.El a dorit în special pentru a satisface o persoană care ar putea vorbi despre Dumnezeu cu autoritatea de experienţă personală.În cele din urmă, el a mers la Ramakrishna o zi şi l-am întrebat îndată dacă el a văzut pe Dumnezeu.Sri Ramakrishna a spus că a avut, şi în cazul în care acest lucru Naren dorit, el ar putea arăta chiar el la fel.El a început să-l uit de la trimestre strânsă şi, după o lungă perioadă de timp el a fost lăsat în nici un dubiu că Ramakrishna a fost un om extraordinar.Naren iubit şi admirat Ramakrishna, dar niciodată nu sa predat independenţa de judecată.Interesant, Ramakrishna însuşi nu a făcut-o cerere de el, sau de orice alt din ucenicii Lui,. Cu toate acestea Naren a ajuns treptat să accepte Ramakrishna ca stăpânul său.Ramakrishna a suferit de cancer şi a murit în 1886.În timpul bolii sale, un grup de tineri oameni selectaţi s-au adunat jurul lui şi a început să-l în timp ce asistenta care primesc îndrumare spirituală de la el.Naren a fost liderul acestui grup.Ramakrishna a vrut ca ei vor lua la viaţa monahală şi a dat simbolic „ei” Gerua.Ei au fondat o mănăstire în consecinţă, la Baranagar şi a început să trăiască împreună, în funcţie numai după pomană.Uneori s-ar rătăci, de asemenea, ca despre alţi călugări. Naren, de asemenea, ar merge, uneori, de călătorie.Acesta a fost în timp ce el a fost astfel călătoresc că el a asumat numele de Vivekananda.Vivekananda călătorit extensiv prin India, uneori pe jos.El a fost şocat pentru a vedea condiţiile din mediul rural din India-oameni, ignorant, superstiţios, semi-înfometat, şi victime ale castă-tiranie.Dacă acest lucru l-socat, cruzimea de sus-numita educat clase, astfel încât el şocat încă mai mult.El a apelat la toate de a face ceva pentru mase.Nimeni nu părea să plătească nici o atenţie la el, cu excepţia Maharaja din Mysore, Maharaja de Khetri şi un tânăr câţiva oameni de Madras.Swami Vivekananda impresionat pe toata lumea nevoia de a mobiliza masele.Un educat puţini bărbaţi şi femei, nu a putut rezolva problema ţării; puterea de masa a trebuit să fie valorificată la sarcina.El a vrut masele să fie educaţi.A fost un fel de „non-formale de educaţie pe care, probabil, el vizualizate.Scrisorile sale la Maharaja din Mysore pe show subiect cat de mult el a dat la subiect şi modul în care el a fost original.alţi prinţi, sau intelectualităţii ca un întreg, au fost impresionaţi de personalitatea lui Swamiji, dar au fost mult prea preocupat cu propria afacerile lor de a plăti orice atenţie apelurile sale.Swamiji ar putea ghici motivul pentru care liderii aşa-numit al societăţii îl ignoră.Cine a fost?Un călugăr rătăcitor simpla.Au fost sute de astfel de călugări din toată ţara.De ce ar trebui să se acorde o atenţie deosebită orice să-l?Şi de mari, ei au urmat doar gânditori occidentali şi cei indieni care au urmat Occident şi au avut o oarecare recunoaştere în Occident de acest lucru.Este îndurerat Swamiji pentru a vedea mentalitatea de sclav, cum ar indieni colegi.Mai târziu, el ar striga naţiunii şi să spună, „simti mandru ca esti indienii chiar daca esti poartă un muşchi de-cârpă”. El nu sa opus de învăţare din Occident, pentru că ştia oamenii de Vest avut unele calitati mare şi a fost din cauza acestor calităţi care au devenit atât de bogat şi puternic.El a vrut India să înveţe ştiinţa şi tehnologia din Occident şi puterea sa de a organiza şi practice un sens, dar, în acelaşi timp, păstrează sale morale şi spirituale idealism mare.Dar egoismul-numita educat oameni atât de îndurerat-l mai mult.Ei au fost fericiţi dacă acestea ar putea avea grijă de ei înşişi şi-au dat o naibii de la ceea ce sa întâmplat cu oamenii.Swamiji a vrut să atragă atenţia lor la starea mizerabilă a masei analfabeţi.Ca Swamiji a sosit în Madras, tinerii s-au adunat jurul lui trase de strălucitoare şi de inspiraţie discuţiile sale.Ei l-au implorat să meargă în SUA pentru a participa la viitoarea Parlamentului a Religiilor din Chicago pentru a reprezenta hinduse relegion şi filozofie.Ei chiar au început strângerea de fonduri în acest scop.Swamiji a fost reticent, dar mai târziu simtit ceva bun ar putea veni de vizita sa în Occident.Asta este exact ceea ce sa întâmplat.A fost o chemare clară la tineretul din India.Swamiji a făcut o impresie extraordinară, mai întâi în SUA şi apoi, de asemenea, în Anglia.Presa a plătit-l cel mai înalt tributurilor ca un exponent al valorilor vechi de vârstă-India; peste noapte a devenit un erou naţional de mare în India.Acesta a fost punctul de plecare al renaşterii indian.Luptători pentru libertate în timpul dominaţiei britanice au inspirat din Swami Vivekananda „.” Dacă vrei să ştii India, studiu Vivekananda, a fost sfatul lui Rabindranath Tagore la Romain Rolland.Acesta a fost speranta Swamiji că India ar crea o noua ordine socială şi o nouă civilizaţie prin combinarea mai bune tradiţii spirituale ei cu cele mai recente descoperiri în domeniul ştiinţei şi tehnologiei.Ea ar fi bogat, atât material şi spiritual.El ştia că afluenţa nu era de ajuns, omul a trebuit să fie om prea.Prin realizarea lui a armoniei unic care se află în tot ce a vrut India să dea un exemplu în faţa întregii lumi „.” Scoală-te, treaz şi atinge scopul a fost mesajul său.Pentru a face toată lumea ştie comori a hinduismului, Swami Vivekananda tradus chatur-Yoga în limba engleză.El a stabilit, de asemenea Ramakrishna Misiunea propaga ideal de Sri Ramakrishna, prin efectuarea de servicii altruiste la toate.Swamiji obişnuia să spună: „Noi aparţinem Cast-Cast mai puţin”; nici religia, nici turnate sau crez, Swami Vivekananda entuziasmat de tineret din India şi din întreaga lume pentru a realiza propriul sine unul.

Mother Teresa [1910-1997]

„By blood I am Albanian. By citizenship, an Indian. By faith, I am a Catholic nun. Regarding my calling, I belong to the world. In terms of my heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus. „Small of stature, rocklike in faith, Mother Teresa of Calcutta was entrusted with the task of proclaiming God’s thirsting love for humanity, especially for the poorest of the poor.” God still loves the world and He sends you and me to be His love and His compassion for the poor ‘. „It was a soul filled with the light of Christ, on fire with love for Him and burning with one desire: His thirst for love and souls. to”

This luminous messenger of God’s love was born on August 26, 1910 in Skopje, a city at the crossroads of Balkan history. The youngest of the children born to Nikola and shingle Bojaxhiu, she was baptized Gonxha Agnes, received her First Communion at the age of five and a half and was confirmed in November 1916.From the day her First Communion, a love for souls was within her. Her father’s sudden death when Gonxha was about eight years left the family in financial difficulties. Shingle raised her children firmly and love, which greatly influences the daughter of her character and vocation. Gonxha’s religious formation was further assisted by the vibrant Jesuit parish of the Sacred Heart in which she was more involved.At age eighteen, moved by the desire to become a missionary, Gonxha left her home in September 1928 to join the Institute of Mary, known as the Sisters of Loreto, in Ireland. There he received the name Sister Mary Teresa after St. Therese of Lisieux. In December, she went to India, arriving in Calcutta on January 6, 1929. After making her first profession of vows in May 1931, Sister Teresa was assigned to Entally Loreto community in Calcutta and taught at St. Mary’s School for girls. On May 24, 1937, Sister Teresa made her final profession of vows, becoming, as she said, „husband / wife of Jesus”, because she was called Mother Teresa „eternity.” Since that time. She continued to teach at St. Mary’s and in 1944 became principal of the school. A person of profound prayer and deep love for her religious sisters and her students, Mother Teresa’s twenty years in Loreto were filled with profound happiness. Noted for her charity, unselfishness and courage, her capacity for hard work and natural talent for organization, she lived her devotion to Jesus in the midst of her companions, with fidelity and joy.On September 10, 1946 while traveling by train from Calcutta to Darjeeling for her annual retreat, Mother Teresa received her „inspiration,” her „call within a call.” On that day, somehow it does not explain, Jesus’ thirst for love and for souls took hold of her heart and desire to satiate His thirst became the driving force in her life. During the following weeks and months through interior locutions and visions, Jesus revealed to her his heart’s desire for „victims of love”, which would radiate His love on souls. „” „Come Be My Light”, he begged her „.” can not to go alone. He revealed His pain at the neglect of the poor, the pain of their ignorance of Him and His longing for their love. He asked Mother Teresa to establish a religious community, Missionaries of Charity, dedicated service to the poorest of poor. Almost two years of testing and discernment passed before Mother Teresa received permission to start. On August 17, 1948, for the first time she dressed in a blue-bordered white jump and passed through the gates her beloved Loreto convent to enter the world of the poor.After a short training mission with nurses in Patna, Mother Teresa returned to Calcutta and found temporary lodging with the Little Sisters of the Poor. At December 21 for the first time went to the slums. She visited families, washed the wounds of children cared for by an old man lying sick on the road and nursed a woman dying of hunger and TB. She started each day in communion with Jesus in the Eucharist and then went out, rosary in hand, to find and serve Him in „unwanted, unloved, uncared.” After several months, she was joined, one by one, by her former students.On October 7, 1950 meeting nine of the Missionaries of Charity was officially established in the Archdiocese of Calcutta. By the early 1960s, Mother Teresa began to send her sisters in other parts of India granted. Decree of praise Congregation by Pope Paul VI in February 1965 encouraged her to open a house in Venezuela. This was soon followed by foundations in Rome and Tanzania and, eventually, on every continent. Starting in 1980 and continuing until 1990, Mother Teresa opened houses in almost all communist countries, including the former Soviet Union, Albania and Cuba.In order to better meet the physical and spiritual needs of the poor, Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity Brothers in 1963, in 1976 the contemplative branch of the sisters, in contemplative brothers in 1979, and in 1984 Missionaries of Charity Fathers inspiration. However, it was not limited to those with religious vocations. She co-workers made Mother Teresa and the sick and suffering co-workers, people of many faiths and nationalities with whom she shared her spirit of prayer, simplicity, sacrifice and her apostolate of humble works of love. This spirit later inspired the Lay Missionaries of Charity. In response to requests of many priests, in 1981 Mother Teresa also began, Corpus Christi Movement for Priests as a „little way of holiness” for those who want to share in her charism and spirit.During the years of rapid growth in the world began to turn eyes to Mother Teresa and her work began. numerous awards from the Indian Padmashri Award in 1962 and in particular the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979, honored her work, while an increasingly interested media began to follow her activities. She received both prizes and attention „to the glory of God and on behalf of the poor.” Mother Teresa’s whole life and labor bore witness to the joy of loving, the greatness and dignity of every human person, the value of little things done faithfully and with love, and overcoming worth of friendship with God. But there was another heroic side of this great woman who was discovered after her death. Hidden from all eyes, hidden even from those closest to her, was her interior life marked by an experience, painful and respect deep sense of being separated from God, even rejected by Him, along with more largest ever miss his love. She called her inner experience, „darkness.” The „painful night” of her soul, which began around the time she began her work for the poor and continued until the end of her life, Mother Teresa led to a deeper union with God all. The darkness she mystically participated in the thirst of Jesus, in His painful and burning longing for love, and she shared the grief inside the poor.In the last years of her life, despite health problems becoming more serious, Mother Teresa continued to govern her Society and respond to the needs of the poor and the Church. By 1997, Mother Teresa’s Sisters numbered nearly 4,000 members and were established in 610 foundations in 123 countries. In March 1997 she blessed her newly-elected successor as Superior General of Missionaries of Charity and then made another trip abroad. After meeting with Pope John Paul II for the last time he returned to Calcutta and spent her final weeks receiving visitors and instructing her Sisters. On 5 September Mother Teresa’s earthly life came to an end. She was given the honor of a state funeral by the Government of India and her body was buried in the Missionaries of Charity Mother House. Her tomb quickly became a place of pilgrimage and prayer for people of all faiths, rich and poor alike left. Mother Teresa a testament of unshakable faith, invincible hope and extraordinary charity. Her response to „why Jesus,” Come Be My Light, „made her a Missionary of Charity, a” mother of the poor, „a symbol of compassion in the world, and a living witness to the thirsting love of God.Less than two years after her death, in view of the widespread reputation of holiness Mother Teresa and favors being reported, Pope John Paul II permitted the opening of her canonization cause. At December 20, 2002 approved the decrees of her heroic virtues and miracles.

NEW DELHIDelhi is the capital of India. It is the third largest Indian city. Delhi is the gateway to India. The city is situated on the river Jamuna. Delhi area today was before 3000 years ago, based on local Indreprastha. Gradually it was founded eight villages around the city. For these cities created by Delhi today. Today the town consists of two entirely different parts of the Old and New Delhi. Old Delhi was the capital of Muslim India in the period from December 19 th. The latter is a New Delhi based. City founded in Britain 19th century. New Delhi became the capital of the British colony in 1911. Old Delhi is made up of winding streets and surrounded by walls. Red city center is built from 1636 to 1658. The fortress was built of red sandstone, followed by its name. In the area of power are beautiful gardens and museum can be found here. Muslim city is near the largest mosque in India, Jamia Masjid mosque. It has three domes and two minarets. Another interesting point is Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk (Silver market). The market was founded in 1648 and still working. Interestingly, the Qutab Minar 73 meters high minaret. This is the largest minaret in the world. In the neighborhood mosque minaret is the oldest Indian Quwwat site-Islam (Islam). The mosque courtyard you will find about 7 meters high iron pillar. Sloup that probably was built in 375 to 413th Pilon is just not yet red iron. In town, you will find beautiful gardens Lodi Garden. The gardens are tombs of Indian rulers. The most important tomb Safdariangova 1753 – 1754, grave Niza-wet-in-Chishtiho and Humajánova grave. The tomb is buried Humajánově two mughalský Humájún King. Tomb was registered on the UNESCO list. Tomb was built in the 16th – century, the emperor’s wife. Interesting points of Old Delhi are also ruins of a fortified city and Astronomical Observatory Tughlakábád Džai maharaja Singh. Axis form a group of New Delhi, Rajpath (Royal Route). At the end of this street is the Gateway of India. It is 42 m high stone arch. The walls are named after Indian soldiers who fell from a World War II and Afghanistan. At the other end of the street is the seat of President Rashtrapati Bhavan palace. Palace is a beautiful garden. The garden is open to the public only in February. Other interesting buildings on the Royal Road is the Parliament building. A circular building, with a diameter of 171 m is the center of New Delhi is Connaught Place square, surrounded by skyscrapers. It is a favorite local zoo with white tigers. The most interesting building of modern architecture in New Delhi is the Baha’i House of worship of God, also called the lotus flower. This is a beautiful temple in the form of a giant lotus flower. The temple is surrounded by water tanks.

Introduction Introduction to Mumbai in Mumbai

Welcome to Mumbai, business, industrial, financial, and celluloid hub of India.Mumbai is also often referred to as the city that never sleeps. This city of dreams was once presented King Charles II in 1661 as part of the dowry when he married Princess Catherine de Braganza of Portugal. Today, is the capital of Maharashtra and India’s financial capital. To the tourists Mumbai offers a stunning array of places to visit. There are excellent options trip to nearby hill stations and ancient caves from Mumbai. For buyers and food crazy, Mumbai is absolutely visit.

History of Mumbai History MumbaiFormerly known as Bombay or Mumbai today is an amalgamation of seven islands called Portuguese islands „Bombay” means „Good Bay” (al, Mumbai, Mazagaon, Old Woman’s Island, Wadala, Mahim, Parel, and Matunga Sion.).These islands were ruled by Hindu dynasties, Muslims and then were presented to King Charles II in 1661 as part of the dowry when he married Princess Catherine de Braganza of Portugal. Bombay was handed over to the East India Company in 1668. He started growing as a commercial center due to change in the shipbuilding industry from Surat. Opening of the Suez Canal after the American Civil War allowed the export of cotton from Bombay. He also played an important role in India’s freedom struggle. The first Indian National Congress was hosted in Bombay in 1885. Bombay was also the capital of Bombay Presidency was divided into Gujarat and Maharsahtra. Since 1996, Bombay was officially known as Mumbai, derived from the name of Goddess Mumbadevi.

Fast Food restaurants in Mumbai fast food restaurants in Mumbai

In order to help people cope with life in the Mumbai metropolitan rapid pace, many fast food restaurants have multiplied. Mumbai fast food restaurants and specialty point offers lip-smacking. You can feast your taste buds on multi-culinary delicacies served on the beach or restaurants. South Indian fare, Gujarati Thalis, Chinese, typical North Indian Mughlai food and continental cuisines are readily available at fast food restaurants. Mumbai is known for its pav bhaji, bhel Puri and kababs.

Shopping in Mumbai Shopping in Mumbai

Mumbai is a paradise for shoppers to buy business, exclusive boutiques, ethnic markets and mini bazaars. Bazaars of Kalbadevi and Bhuleshwar are must visits while in Mumbai. Mangaldas Market, rising Bazaar, and Chor Bazaar are among the best-known shopping places of Mumbai. Mahatma Jyotiba the pH or Market Crawford Market is famous for offering the best fruit and vegetables in Mumbai.

Theatre Theatre in Mumbai in Mumbai

Mumbai is famous for its music and theater activities. more theater are held in Marathi, Hindi, Gujarati and English. There are many theaters in Mumbai and its suburbs. National Centre for Performing Arts (NCPA) at Nariman Point Prithvi Theatre in Juhu are known to regular theater performances.

Mumbai also happens to be the celluloid capital of India. Mumbai is home to the country first Imax dome theater and multiplex cinema. This theater, unusual film experience and promises to attract international calling locals and tourists alike.Mumbai is also famous as movie studios Film City in Goregaon, Natraj in Andheri and RK Studio in Chembur.

Culture of Mumbai culture Mumbai

Cultural, Mumbai is famous for the film industry, which is called also Bollywood.Cinema is very popular in India, and the city is responsible for the majority of films in Hindi, which are made in the country. Annual Mumbai International Film Festival of Mumbai is a major event in the film calendar. Film Festival is staged at various places in Mumbai in February.

General Information General information on Mumbai Bombay

Population Population

11, 914, 398 (2001)

Festivals Festivals

Ganesh Chaturthi (late early September to August), Navratri (October-November), Gokul Ashtami (mid August), and Holi (mid March)

Clothes Clothes

Cotton clothing is ideal for summer are suitable for winter wool Light

Climate Climate

October to March is the best time to visit

Language Language

Marathi, English and Hindi

Places to visit in Mumbai

Gateway of India Gateway of India

A major tourist attraction in Mumbai is the Prince of Wales museum. A major tourist attraction in Mumbai is the Prince of Wales Museum. The lovely landscape of the Museum is worth visiting for STD collection of art, sculpture, rare coins, old firearms and a priceless collection of miniature paintings. Breathtaking scenery of the Museum is worth visiting for its collection of art, sculpture, rare coins, old firearms and a priceless collection of miniature paintings. Built in the year 1914, the museum Remains one of the best museums in the country. Built in 1914, the museum remains one of the best museums in the country.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as the Victoria Terminus is one of the architectural wonders of Mumbai. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus is one of Mumbai’s architectural wonders. The elegant building of 1888 Makes British terminus Mumbai one of the finest stations in the world. UK in 1888 elegant Mumbai terminus is one of the best jobs in the world. Exquisite sculptures of animals and birds decorated the facade and the statue of Queen Victoria adorns the dome. refined sculptures of animals and birds decorate the facade and statue of Queen Victoria adorns the dome.

For the art lovers, the Jehangir Art Gallery and the National Gallery of Modern Art has the must visits in Mumbai. For art lovers, Jehangir Art Gallery and National Gallery of Modern Art are must visits in Mumbai. Similarly, note the nature lovers should miss the Hanging Gardens, Victoria Gardens and the Kamla Nehru Park of Mumbai. Similarly, nature lovers should not miss the Hanging Gardens, Kamla Nehru Park and Victoria Gardens of Mumbai.

Marine Drive, Chowpatty Beach, Malabar Hill and Juhu Beach is the places of tourist interest The Other in Mumbai. Marine Drive, Chowpatty Beach, Malabar Hill and Juhu Beach are other places of tourist interest in Mumbai.

There is Several places around Mumbai That make excellent weekend trip and excursion options. There are several places around Mumbai that make excellent weekend trip and excursion options. The Buddhist caves of Karla and Kanheri is amongst the best Excursions. Karla and Kanheri Buddhist Caves are among the best tours. For the nature freaks the hill stations of Matheran, Lonavala and Khandala make great holiday destinations close to Mumbai. For the insane nature of Matheran hill station, Khandala and Lonavala make great holiday destinations near Mumbai.

Places of Worship in Mumbai

Siddhivinayak Temple

One of the most popular places of worship in Mumbai is the Siddhivinayak Temple, dedicated to Lord Ganesha. One of the most popular places of worship in Mumbai is Siddhivinayak Temple dedicated to Lord Ganesha. The temple on the site of WAS rebuilt the 200-year old temples. The temple was rebuilt over a temple 200 years old. The black stone idol of Lord Ganesh in the temple is two and a half feet in height and two feet in width. Black stone idol of Lord Ganesh, the temple is two and four feet in height and two feet wide. Several devotees throng this temple in the Prabha Devi area of Mumbai. More followers crowd the temple in Mumbai Prabha Devi.

Jain Temple Jain Temple

Situated on the Malabar Hill is the Jain temples of Mumbai. Malabar Hill is located Jain temple in Mumbai. The frescoes of the temple depict various events in the Lives of 24 Jain Tirthankaras. Temple frescoes depict various events in the life of the 24 Jain Tirthankaras. Pilgrims from Far and away visit Mumbai to worship in the temples. Pilgrims from far and away visit Mumbai to worship in the temple.

Mahalaxmi Temple Mahalaxmi Temple

The Mahalaxmi Temple of Mumbai is dedicated to Mahalaxmi, the goddess of wealth. Mahalaxmi Temple is dedicated to Mumbai Mahalaxmi, the goddess of wealth. The temple is situated on B. Desai Road – residential and shopping area of Mumbai. The temple is located on B. Desai Road – residential and commercial area of Mumbai. The holy temple attracts thousands of devotees Every year. Holy temple attracts thousands of believers every year.

St. John’s Church St John’s Church

The Afghan Church or the St.. John’s Church is a place of tourist interest in Mumbai. Afghan Church or Church of St. John is a place of tourist interest in Mumbai. The church is dedicated to the British soldiers, who Lost Their Lives in the Sindh and Afghan campaigns During 1838 and 1843. The church is dedicated to British soldiers who were killed in Sindh and Afghan campaigns during 1838 and 1843.

Mumba Devi Temple Mumba Devi Temple

The Mumba Devi temple is dedicated to Goddess Mumbadevi, the owner of Mumbai city. Mumba Devi temple is dedicated to Goddess Mumbadevi, owner of Mumbai city. Goddess Mumbadevi is Often Referred to as the resident deity of Mumbai. Goddess Mumbadevi is often referred to as resident deity of Mumbai.The city name derives from this sixth ITS century old temples. The city comes from this century old temple of the sixth. Several devotees flock to this temple at Bhuleshwar. More devotees flock to this temple to Bhuleshwar.

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Places to visit in Mumbai

One of the major landmarks of Mumbai is the Gateway of India. One of the most important landmarks in Mumbai is the Gateway of India. Situated at the Apollo Bunder, the Gateway of India WAS built in Honour of King George V and Queen.Located at Apollo Bunder, Gateway of India was built in honor of King George V and Queen. You may enjoy the ferry ride across the harbor to the Elephant Island.You can enjoy a ferry ride across the harbor from Elephant Island. At the Island, the Shiva temple is a must visit for ITS exquisite rock-cut structures. At Island, Shiva temple is a must visit for its remarkable rock-cut structures.

Prince of Wales Museum Prince of Wales MuseumA major tourist attraction in Mumbai is the Prince of Wales museum. A major tourist attraction in Mumbai is the Prince of Wales Museum. The lovely landscape of the Museum is worth visiting for STD collection of art, sculpture, rare coins, old firearms and a priceless collection of miniature paintings. Breathtaking scenery of the Museum is worth visiting for its collection of art, sculpture, rare coins, old firearms and a priceless collection of miniature paintings. Built in the year 1914, the museum Remains one of the best museums in the country. Built in 1914, the museum remains one of the best museums in the country.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as the Victoria Terminus is one of the architectural wonders of Mumbai. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus is one of Mumbai’s architectural wonders. The elegant building of 1888 Makes British terminus Mumbai one of the finest stations in the world. UK in 1888 elegant Mumbai terminus is one of the best jobs in the world. Exquisite sculptures of animals and birds decorated the facade and the statue of Queen Victoria adorns the dome. refined sculptures of animals and birds decorate the facade and statue of Queen Victoria adorns the dome.

For the art lovers, the Jehangir Art Gallery and the National Gallery of Modern Art has the must visits in Mumbai. For art lovers, Jehangir Art Gallery and National Gallery of Modern Art are must visits in Mumbai. Similarly, note the nature lovers should miss the Hanging Gardens, Victoria Gardens and the Kamla Nehru Park of Mumbai. Similarly, nature lovers should not miss the Hanging Gardens, Kamla Nehru Park and Victoria Gardens of Mumbai.

Marine Drive, Chowpatty Beach, Malabar Hill and Juhu Beach is the places of tourist interest The Other in Mumbai. Marine Drive, Chowpatty Beach, Malabar Hill and Juhu Beach are other places of tourist interest in Mumbai.

There is Several places around Mumbai That make excellent weekend trip and excursion options. There are several places around Mumbai that make excellent weekend trip and excursion options. The Buddhist caves of Karla and Kanheri is amongst the best Excursions. Karla and Kanheri Buddhist Caves are among the best tours. For the nature freaks the hill stations of Matheran, Lonavala and Khandala make great holiday destinations close to Mumbai. For the insane nature of Matheran hill station, Khandala and Lonavala make great holiday destinations near Mumbai.

Places of Worship in Mumbai Places of Worship in Mumbai

Siddhivinayak Temple Siddhivinayak Temple

One of the most popular places of worship in Mumbai is the Siddhivinayak Temple, dedicated to Lord Ganesha. One of the most popular places of worship in Mumbai is Siddhivinayak Temple dedicated to Lord Ganesha. The temple on the site of WAS rebuilt the 200-year old temples. The temple was rebuilt over a temple 200 years old. The black stone idol of Lord Ganesh in the temple is two and a half feet in height and two feet in width. Black stone idol of Lord Ganesh, the temple is two and four feet in height and two feet wide. Several devotees throng this temple in the Prabha Devi area of Mumbai. More followers crowd the temple in Mumbai Prabha Devi.

Jain Temple Jain Temple

Situated on the Malabar Hill is the Jain temples of Mumbai. Malabar Hill is located Jain temple in Mumbai. The frescoes of the temple depict various events in the Lives of 24 Jain Tirthankaras. Temple frescoes depict various events in the life of the 24 Jain Tirthankaras. Pilgrims from Far and away visit Mumbai to worship in the temples. Pilgrims from far and away visit Mumbai to worship in the temple.

Mahalaxmi Temple Mahalaxmi Temple

The Mahalaxmi Temple of Mumbai is dedicated to Mahalaxmi, the goddess of wealth. Mahalaxmi Temple is dedicated to Mumbai Mahalaxmi, the goddess of wealth. The temple is situated on B. Desai Road – residential and shopping area of Mumbai. The temple is located on B. Desai Road – residential and commercial area of Mumbai. The holy temple attracts thousands of devotees Every year. Holy temple attracts thousands of believers every year.

St. John’s Church St John’s Church

The Afghan Church or the St.. John’s Church is a place of tourist interest in Mumbai. Afghan Church or Church of St. John is a place of tourist interest in Mumbai. The church is dedicated to the British soldiers, who Lost Their Lives in the Sindh and Afghan campaigns During 1838 and 1843. The church is dedicated to British soldiers who were killed in Sindh and Afghan campaigns during 1838 and 1843.

Mumba Devi Temple Mumba Devi Temple

The Mumba Devi temple is dedicated to Goddess Mumbadevi, the owner of Mumbai city. Mumba Devi temple is dedicated to Goddess Mumbadevi, owner of Mumbai city. Goddess Mumbadevi is Often Referred to as the resident deity of Mumbai. Goddess Mumbadevi is often referred to as resident deity of Mumbai.The city name derives from this sixth ITS century old temples. The city comes from this century old temple of the sixth. Several devotees flock to this temple at Bhuleshwar. More devotees flock to this temple to Bhuleshwar.

GANGE BENARES VENARASI

Name of the Ganges is known throughout the country India.This That river runs for1,560 miles from the Himalayas all the way to the Bay of Bengal is more than Justwater.Acest flowing river that runs 1560 miles from the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal is more than just curgătoare.This river water is life, purity, and thegoddess to the people of India.Acest river is life, purity, and the people ofIndia.The river goddess Ganga is me, „Mother Ganges.” Ganga river is me,”mother Ganges”. her story and Her name is known all the land.Numelethroughout her and her story is known all around is the story of how ţara.It SHEherself poured down from heaven upon the ashes of King Sarge’s sons.Este storyof how she cast herself down from heaven on the sons of King.Her waters ashesSarge would raise them up again to dwell in peace in heaven.apele they wouldrise again to live in peace cer.Not only that, the tissue touches but anyone whohas said today eventual purifying waters to Be cleansed of all sins.Nu only that,but anyone who touches the water purification even today is said to be cleansed of all sins.

As soon as you start the day, Hindu devotees begin to give their offerings of flowers or food, throwing handfulls of grain or garlands of marigolds or pinklotuses Gange.Others small oil lamps float Will surface.Alţii ITS will float on oilsmall lamps on the surface sa.Or I stated in „Banaras City of Light” by Diana L.Eck, „They may take up off her water and put it back into the river as year Offeringto the Ancestors and the Gods” (Eck 212 ). Or as stated in „Banaras City ofLight”, by Diana L. Eck, „they can take up her water and put it back into the riveras an offering to ancestors and gods” (Eck 212). in also cupped hands will theytake the ritual drink of the Ganges and tHEN fill the container to take with them tothe temple.În cupped hands will also take, drink ritual Ganges and then fill a container to take with them templu.On great festivel occasions, Hindu ford theriver in boats, shouting „Ganga Mata Ki Jai!” on the big occasions festivel Hindusford the river boats, shouting „Ganga Mata Ki Jai” (Victory to Mother Ganga!) (Victory to mother Ganga!)

Every morning, thousands of Hindus, whether pilgrims or residents make their way into the holy water Gangelui.Toate they face rising sun, with hands foldedmumering rugăciuni.Eck provides:

„There are some things that Hindu India, as different, might agree .. But theGanges, India speaks with one voice persuasion. Ganges bears a huge culturaland religious meaning for Hindus of every region and every sectarian” (214)

Ganga is a place of death and viaţă.Hindus from all over Will bring off their dead.Whether just the body or ashes, the waters of the Ganga is Needed to reach Pitriloka, the World of the Ancestors.Hinduşi around will bring death. Whether a body or ashes only, Ganga water are needed to achieve Pitriloka, as in the myth world strămoşii.Just with King Sargas’ Sons 60,000 who attained heaven by Ganga water pouring off her down upon Their ashes, so the waters of Ganga has Same Needed for the dead in the Hindu Belief today.La like the myth of King Sargas „60000 be reached calling the Ganga water pouring down upon them their ashes, so that the same Ganga water are necessary for the dead todayhindus.Without this belief, the Dead Will there only in the limbo of Suffering, and Would Be troublesome spirits to Thos earth.Fără still living on this, the dead will exist only in a prison of suffering, and would be troublesome for spirits those still living waters of the Ganges has pământ.The Called Amrita, the „nectar of immoratality.” Ganges waters are called Amrita, „immoratality nectar”.

Cremation anywhere Along the Ganges is desirable.Incinerarea anywhere along the river Ganges is dorit.If That Is Not Possible, THEN the relatives later Might bring the ashes of the deceased to the Ganges.În if not possible, then relatives could bring the dead ashes from Gange.Sometimes later, if the family can not afford firewood for Cremation, the half-burned corpse is thrown into the water.Uneori, where a family can not afford firewood for incineration, the half-burned corpse is thrown into verse from the Mahabharata apă.A promises, „If only the bone of the person should touch the water of the Ganges, That person Shall dwell, honored in heaven.” A verse Mahabharata promises, „If bones of a person should reach the Ganges water, that person shall dwell, honored in heaven.”

For the living, bathing in the Ganges is as important.Hinduşii will travel miles and miles to have their sins washed in these waters year sfinte.Pentru Hindus said that there is nothing quite like cleaning the living waters of the River of Heaven.This „pure” water is suppoce to wash their sins away.

Ganges attracts all kinds of people and life seems to always be lively, too său.Pe platforms and Ghats are barber cutting and trimming hair, and young children see their flight zmee.Puteţi fight, exercise, or meditation profundă.Washermen are beating their clothes on rocks in margine.Multi-colored saris and all kinds of wet clothes are laid to dry in soare.Un washable dog boy while his mother is taking her baby crying in Ganges for the first time. „Banaras: India’s City of Light”, Santha Rama Rau provided by:

„There are beggars, bums, vendors, touts, young, old, curiously remote talkers, guides, priests, families simply walk, ascetics, the crippled, the woman washing dishes outside the household and kitchen , toughs, the slightly curious. All are there along the Ganges „(Rau 244).

Unfortunately, although life brings Ganges, pollution is also of the worst adus.SomeWaterborne diseases is dysentery, hepatits, and cholera. Money is Being Raisedby the government and Sucha Other groups as the Swatch Ganga to clean themost serious Ganges.Unele Waterborne diseases are dysentery, viral hepatitis,and cholera. Money is raised by government and other groups such as SwatchGanga to clean Gange.None the less, the Ganges is still the Purifying waters forthe Hindus of India.Nici one less, Ganges water purification for Hindus still in India .As stated in „Travel in India” by Jean Tavernier, „the land WHERE does theGanges flow note is likened in one hymn to the sky without the sun, a home without a lamp, a Brahmin without the Vedas” (Tavernier 236) . as mentioned in the „Travelin India”, by Jean Tavernier, „where land is likened Ganges does not flow in a hymnto the sky without sun, a house without a lamp, a Brahman of the Vedas withoutRoşiorii” (Tavernier 236).


 

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