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Lectii de hindi 3

Hindi Number System

digits and their equivalent Arabic/English figures are given below.

shuny

ek

do

teen

char

panch

chhah

saat

aath

nao

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Though Hindi numerals are quite different than Arabic ones, you can use Arabic numerals in most of official communications in Hindi language too. The use, however, should be consistent throughout your written page.

Hindi Numbers

In Hindi Number System, this is how Hindi numbers are written and spoken.

Word

Hindi Numeral

Number Name

how many?

?

kitne

ten

das

eleven

gyarah

twelve

barah

thirteen

terah

fourteen

chaudah

fifteen

pandrah

sixteen

solah

seventeen

satrah

eighteen

atharah

nineteen

unnees

twenty

bees

thirty

tees

forty

chalees

fifty

pachas

sixty

saath

seventy

sattar

eighty

assi

ninety

nabbe

hundred

sau

one hundred

ek sau

one thousand

ek hazaar

one hundred thousand

 

ek lakh

one million

 

das lakh

ten million

   

ek crore

Examples

Number

Hindi Numeral

Number Name

150

ek sau pachas

380

teen sau assi

2006

do hazaar chhah

Hindi Grammar (Vyakaran )

Hindi Grammar Tree is presented below in a simple form. Just read it to find similarity with English/your native language. Do not worry if you’re unable to understand it right now. You can learn it subsequently along with your Hindi tutorial lessons.

Sangya (Noun In Hindi Grammar)

A. Types

These are of five types (similar to those in English language)–

  1. Vyakti vachak sangya (Proper Noun) – e.g. Delhi, Gandhi, Ramayan, Geetanjali, Himalaya, Tajmahal
  2. Jati vachak sangya (Common Noun) – e.g. more(peacock), pustak(book), mahila(lady), baalak(boy), baalika(girl)
  3. Bhav vachak sangya (Abstract Noun) – e.g. bachpan(childhood), satya(truth), sundarata(beauty), namrata(politeness)
  4. Samudaay vachak sangya (Collective Noun) – e.g. sena(armed forces), sabha(assembly), mandali(group)
  5. Dravya vachak sangya (Material Noun) – e.g. sona(gold), loha(iron), paani(water)

B. Sangya-Vikar (Declension of Nouns)

Due to three reasons– (i) Ling, (ii) Vachan, (iii) Karak

Ling (Gender) - In Hindi, there are only two types. These are

  1. Pull-ling (Masculine)
  2. Stri-ling (Feminine).

Vachan (Number) - These are of two types.

  1. Ek-vachan (Singular Number)
  2. Bahu-vachan (Plural Number)

Karak (Case) - These are of eight types.

  1. Karta (Nominative) – represented by Hindi word “ne”
  2. Karm (Objective, Accusative) – “ko”
  3. Karan (Instruments) – “se, ke dwara”
  4. Sampradan (Dative) – “ko, ke liye”
  5. Apadan (Ablative) – “se”
  6. Sambandh (Genetive, Possessive) – “ka, ki, ke”
  7. Adhikaran (Locative) – “me, par”
  8. Sambodhan (Vocative) – “Hey!, Arrey!”

Sarvnaam (Pronoun In Hindi Grammar)

A. Types

Pronouns in Hindi language are of five types:

  1. Purush vachak sarvnaam (Personal pronoun) – These are of three kind :
  • Uttam Purush (First Person) e.g. mae (I), hum(we), mera (my),  humara (our)
  • Madhyam Purush (Second Person) e.g. tum(you), tera(your)
  • Anya Purush (Third person) e.g. vah (he), uska (his)
  1. Nischay vachak sarvnaam (Demonstrative pronoun) – Point to a definite person or object. e.g. yeh (this), veh (that), ye(these), ve (those)
  2. Anischay vachak sarvnaam (Indefinite pronoun) – Do not point to a definite person or object. e.g. koi (someone),  kuchh (something)
  3. Sambandh vachak sarvnaam (Relative pronoun) – Relate one word to another. e.g. jo (who), jiski (whose), jaisa (like)
  4. Prashna vachak sarvnaam (Interrogative pronoun) – Used for interrogation. e.g. kaun (who), kya (what), kisko (whom)

B. Roop (Variations)

Similar to declension of nouns, a pronoun also has two Vachan; and eight Karak (case).

Visheshan (Adjective In Hindi Grammar)

A. Types

These are of four types. The grammar tree is given below.

Gun Vachak (Quality) Sankhya Vachak (Numeral) Pariman Vachak (Quantity) Sanket Vachak (Demon strative)
1. Gun (good quality)
2. Dosh (bad quality)
3. Rang (color)
4. Kal (tense)
5. Disha (direction)
6. Aakar (shape)
7. Dasha (condition)
8. Sthan (place)
1. Nishchit visheshan (definite) – of four types

  • garana(count)
  • kram(order)
  • aavritt(recurrence)
  • samuday(group)

2. Anishchit
3. Pratyek bodhak

1. Nishchit
2. Anishchit
Points towards noun objects.

B. Tulna (Degree of Comparison)

There are three stages of comparison in Hindi Visheshan.

  1. Mula vastha (Positive degree)
  2. Uttara vastha (Comparative degree)
  3. Uttama vastha (Superlative degree)
  4. Sakarmak Kriya (Transitive Verb) – These cause direct effect on another person/object. These are of two types-

Kriya (Verb In Hindi Grammar)

A. Kinds of Verbs

  • Preranarthak Kriya (Causative Verb)
  • Dwikarmak Kriya (Verbs with two objects)
  1. Akarmak Kriya (Intransitive Verb) – Have no effect on others.

B. Kaal (Tense)

Bhoot Kal (Past tense) -6 Types Vartman Kal(Present tense) -3 Types Bhavishya kal (Future tense) -2 Types
1. Samanya Bhoot(Past Indefinite)
2. Aasann Bhoot(Past Imminent)
3. Apurn Bhoot(Past Continuous)
4. Purna Bhoot(Past Perfect)
5. Sandigdh Bhoot(Past Doubtful)
6. Hetuhetumad Bhoot(Past Conditional)
1. Samanya Vartman (Present Indefinite)
2. Apurn Vartman(Present Continuous)
3. Sandigdh Vartman (Present Doubtful)
1. Samanya Bhavishya (Future Indefinite)
2. Sambhabya Bhavishya (Future Conditional or Doubtful)

C. Vachya (Voice)

These are of three types -

  1. Kartri Vachya (Active Voice)
  2. Karm Vachya (Passive Voice)
  3. Bhav Vachya (Impersonal Voice)

Kriya Visheshan (Adverb In Hindi Grammar)

These are of four types -

  1. Kaal Vachak (Time) - e.g. abhi(now), tabhi(then), sada(always), pratidin(daily), Aaj(today), phir(again), pahle(previous)
  2. Sthan Vachak (Place) - e.g. yeha(here), veha(there), kenha(where), kidhar(which place), sab jagah(every-where), bahar(outside)
  3. Reet Vachak (Manner) - e.g. dhire(slow), tej(fast), shayad(perhaps), avashya(sure, definite), achanak(suddenly), theek(right)
  4. Pariman Vachak (Quantity) - e.g. kafee(enough), bahut(many), paryapt(sufficient), kuchh(few), adhik(more), kum(less)

Sambandh-bodhak (Preposition In Hindi Grammar)

These words relate noun/pronoun to other words in a sentence. Some examples are:

  1. Tom ke sar par topi hai. (Tom has hat on his head)
  2. Tom ke peechhe John hai. (John is behind Tom)
  3. Lily ke samne kutta hai. (Dog is in front of Lily)
  4. Lily ke age kutta hai. (Dog is before Lily)

Underlined words are sambandh-bodhak or preposition Hindi words.

Sammuchay-bodhak (Conjunction In Hindi Grammar)

These are used to join words, phrase or sentences. Their types and some examples are given below:

  1. Yojak (Additive) such as aur, tatha, evam
    e.g. Badal aye aur versa hone lagi. (Clouds came and it started raining)
  2. Vikalp-soochak (Shows Alternative)  such as ya, athava, ya-ya, na to, na ki
    e.g. Versa hogi athava aandhi ayegi. (Either it will rain or there will be a storm)
  3. Vibhajak (Dis-joint) such as parantu, kintu, magar, lekin, taki, ki
    e.g. Mae uske ghar gaya parntu vah nahi mila. (I went to his house but he did not meet)
  4. Parinaam-soochak (Shows Result)
    e.g. Maen mehnat kiya isliye mae safal hua. (I worked hard hence I became successful)
  5. Karan-soochak (Shows Reason)
    e.g. mae nahi sounga kyonki yeha par machhar hai. (I will not sleep because there are mosquitoes here.)
  6. Uddeshya-soochak (Shows motive)
    e.g. Tej chalo taki hum station theek samay par pahoonch jaye. (Walk fast so that we reach station in time)

Vismayaadi-bodhak (Interjection In Hindi Grammar)

Some words that show various moods are:

 Moods/Feelings

Words

Hersh (Happiness)

Ahaa!, Aahaa!, Wah!, Wah-wah!

Shok (Sadness)

Haay!, Aah!, Oh!, Uff!, Afsos!

Vismay (Surprise)

Arre!, Kya!, Sach!, Baap Re!, Hain!

Krodh (Anger)

Hut!, Chal!, Dur Ho!, Abe!, Kyon!

Tirskaar (Condemn)

Chhih!, Dhikkaar!, Dhat!

Vedana (Pain)

Haay Re!, Baap Re!, Haay Mar Gaya!

Prashansa (Praise)

Waah!, Dhanya!, Khoob!, BahutAchchhe!

Sweekriti (Consent)

Achcha!, Theek!, Bahut Achchha!

Organs of Hindi Pronunciation

There are six parts of mouth that are mainly used to speak  . These are – throat (kanth), palette (taaloo), teeth (danta), lips (oshhth), nasal (nasika) and front of palette (agr-taaloo).

For some of the alphabets, you need to use two of these organs.

Table Showing Organs of Hindi Pronunciation

Place

Vowels

Consonants

1. कंठ अ, आ क, ख, ग, घ, ङ
2. तालु इ, ई च, छ, ज, झ, ञ
3. मूर्धा ट, ठ, ड, ढ, ण
4. दंत —- त, थ, द, ध, न
5. ओष्ठ उ, ऊ प, फ, ब, भ, म
6. नासिका —- अं, ङ, ञ, ण, न, म
7. कंठतालु ए, ऐ —–
8. कंठोष्ठ्य ओ, औ —–
9. दंतोष्ठ्य —-

Special Alphabets

The following alphabets are pronounced using nasal in conjunction with other parts noted in the table above.

, , , ,

Hindi Pronunciation Examples

Vowel 

As In

Ultra

Father

Ink

Feel

Pull

Moon

Ray

Angel

So

Owl

Hunger

Ah!

Animal, Insects – Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
meat gosht गोश्त
fat charbi चर्बी
fish machhli मछली
chicken murgi मुर्गी
egg anda अण्डा
cow gae गाय
buffalo bhaens भैंस
milk dudh दूध
horns seeng सींग
tail dum दुम
goat bakri बकरी
dog kutta कुत्ता
snake sarp, saanp सर्प, साँप
monkey bandar बन्दर
mosquito machchhar मच्छर
ant chinti चींटी
spider makri मकडी

Body Parts In Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
body badan बदन
head sar सर
hair baal बाल
face chehra चेहरा
eye ankh आँख
ear kaan कान
nose naak नाक
mouth munh मुँह
teeth daat दाँत
tongue jibh जीभ
breast chhaati छाती
belly pet पेट
arm baazoo बाजू
hand haath हाथ
elbow kohni कोहनी
palm hatheli हथेली
finger ungli ऊंगली
fingernail nakhun नाखून
leg taang टाँग
skin chamari चमडी
bone haddi हड्डी
heart dil दिल
blood khoon खून
urine peshab पेशाब
faeces, feces paikhaana पैखाना

Condition – Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
old purana पुराना
new naya नया
good achcha अच्छा
bad bura, kharab बुरा, खराब
wet bhiga, gilaa भीगा, गीला
dry khushk, sukhaa खुष्क, सूखा
long lamba लम्बा
short chhota छोटा
hot garam गरम
cold thanda थंडा
near karib, pass करीब
far door दूर
big bara बडा
small chota छोटा
heavy bhari भारी
light halka हल्का
above upar ऊपर
below niche नीचे

Colors – Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
white safed सफेद
black kala काला
red lal लाल
Blue Neela नीला
Brown Bhura भुरा
Green Hara हरा
Pink Gulabi गुलाबी
Yellow Peela पीला
Orange Narangi नारङि

Directions – Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
right daaye दांये
left baaye बांये
North Uttar उत्तर्
South Dakshin दक्षिन्
East Purab, Purv पुरब्, पुर्व्
West Paschim पस्चिम्
NorthEast Uttar-Purv उत्तर्-पुर्व्
NorthWest Uttar-Paschim उत्तर्-पस्चिम्
SouthEast Dakshin-Purv दक्षिन्-पुर्व्
SouthWest Dakshin-Paschim दक्षिन्-पस्चिम्

Government and Business – Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
Account lekhaa लेखा
Accused abhiyukt अभियुक्त
Act adhiniyam अधिनियम
Adult prauDh प्रौढ
Administration Sasan शासन
Advice salah सलाह
Advocate adhivakta अधिवक्ता
Agent abhikarta अभिकर्ता
Algebra beej ganit बीजगणित
Airplane Vayuyan वायुयान
Amendment sanshodhan संशोधन
Atom Bomb aNubam अणुबम
Application avedan patra आवेदनपत्र
Approval anumodan अनुमोदन
Ambassador rajdoot राजदूत
Appointment niyukti नियुक्ति
Bill vidheyak विधेयक
Broadcasting prasaaraN प्रसारण
Business vyapaar ब्यापार
Condition shart शर्त
Discovery aavishkaar आविष्कार
Diplomacy kootnit कूटनीति
Election chunav चुनाव
Experiment prayog प्रयोग
Evidence saachhy साच्छी
Fin Minister vitt mantri वित्त मंन्त्री
Fire Brigade damkal दमकल
Fare kiraya किराया
Gazette suchana patra सूचनापत्र
Government sarkaar सरकार
Grant anudaan अनुदान
Guardian sanrakshak सरक्षक
Habit aadat आदत
High court uchch-nyayalay उच्च न्यायालय
Honorary avaitanik अवैतनिक
Infantry pad sena पद सेना
Income tax aaykar आयकर
Institution sansthaa संस्था
Judge nyayadhish न्यायाधीश
Judgement nyay, nirNay न्याय, निर्णय
Law vidhi विधि
Legislation vidhan विधान
Laboratory prayogshala प्रयोगशाला
Liability uttardayitva उत्तरदायित्व
Literature saahitya साहित्य
Majority bahu-mat बहुमत
Minority alp-mat अल्पमत
Manager prabandhak प्रबन्धक
Miscellaneous vividh विविध
National rastriya राष्ट्रीय
Navy nav-sena नवसेना
Order aadesh आदेश
Ordinance adhyadesh अध्यादेश
Opposition virodh विरोध
Paragraph anuchchhed अनुच्छेद
Principle sidhdhaant सिद्धान्त
Passport paar patra पारपत्र
Procession jaloos जलूस
Proposal prastav प्रस्ताव
Post-mortem shav parikshaa शवपरीक्षा
Program karya kram कार्यक्रम
Qualification yogyata योग्यता
Republic gan-tantra गणतन्त्र
Registered panji-krit पंजीकृत
Resignation tyag-patra त्यागपत्र
Security surakshaa सुरक्षा
Sentence vaakya वाक्य
Syllabus paathyakram पाठ्यक्रम
Time-table samay sariNi समयसारिणी
Traffic yaataayaat यातायात
Television door darshan दूरदर्शन
Telephone door bhas दूरभाष
Training prashikshan प्रशिक्षण
Transfer sthaanantaran स्थानान्तरण
U.N.O. Sanyukta Rastra Sangh संयुक्तराष्ट्रसंघ
Unanimous sarv sammati सर्वसम्मति
Valid maanya, vaidh मान्य, वैध
Vacation avakaash अवकाश
Vocation vyavsaay व्यवसाय
Volunteer svayam sevak स्वयंसेवक
Will vasiiyat वसीयत
Wages mazdoori, vetan मजदूरी, वेतन
War time yuddh kaal युद्धकाल

Nature, Home – Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
thread dhaagaa धागा
needle sui सुई
cloth kapra कपडा
ring angoothi अंगूठी
village gaon गाँव
house ghar घर
roof chhat छत
door darwaja दरवाजा
firewood lakdi लकडी
broom jharu झाडू
mortar mortar मोर्तार
cement cement सीमेण्ट
masala masala मसाला
hammer hathora हथौडा
knife chaku चाकू
axe kulhari कुलहाडी
rope rassi रस्सी
sun suraj सूरज
moon chand चाँद
sky aasman आसमान
star taaraa तारा
rain baris, varsha बारीस, वर्षा
water pani, jal पानी, जल
river nadi नदी
cloud badal बादल
lighting bijali बिजली
rainbow indra dhanush इन्द्र धनुष
wind hawa, vayu हवा, वायु
stone patthar पत्थर
path rasta, path रास्ता, पथ
sand ret रेत
fire aag आग
smoke dhuan धुवा्
ash rakh राख
mud keechar कीचड्
dust mitti, dhool मिट्टी, धूल
gold sona सोना
oil tel तेल
salt namak नमक
Vegetarian shaakahaari शाकाहारी

Trees, Plants, Vegetation In Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
tree ped, darakht पेड्, दरख्त
leaf patta पत्ता
root jarh जड्
thorn kaanta कान्टा
flower phool फूल
fruit phal फल
mango aam आम
banana kela केला
wheat gehu गेहू
barley jau, bajra जौ, बाजरा
rice chawal चावल
potato aloo आलू
eggplant baigan बैगन
groundnut mung phali मू्गफली
chili mirch मिर्च
turmeric haldi हल्दी
garlic lehsan लेहसन
onion piaz प्याज
cauliflower phul gobhi फुलगोभी
cabbage band gobhi बन्दगोभी
tomato tamatar टमाटर

Hindi Numbers – Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
how many kitne कितने
one ek एक
two do दो
three teen तीन
four char चार
five paanch पांच
six chheh छः
seven saat सात
eight aath आठ
nine nao नौ
ten das दस
eleven gyarah ग्यारह
twelve barah बारह
twenty bees बीस
thirty tees तीस
forty chaalees चालीस
fifty pachaas पचास
sixty saath साठ
seventy sattar सत्तर
eighty assi अस्सी
ninety nabbe नब्बे
one hundred ek sau एक सौ
one thousand ek hazaar एक हजार
hundred thousand ek lakh एक लाख
one million das lakh दस लाख
ten million ek crore एक करोड्
one billion ek arab एक अरब

Pronouns In Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
I mai मै
you tum तुम
you (formal) aap आप
he vo वो
she vo वो
we hum हम
we (exclusive) hum हम
you (plural) tum log तुम लोग
they vo log वो लोग

Hindi Verbs

Word Hindi हिन्दी
to eat khana, kha खाना, खा
to bite kaatna काटना
to be hungry bhukh lagna भुख लगना
to drink pina पीना
to be thirsty pyas lagna प्यास लगना
to sleep sona सोना
to lie letna लेटना
to sit baethna बैठना
to give dena देना
to burn jalaana जलाना
to die marna मरना
to kill maarna मारना
to fly udna उडना
to walk chalna चलना
to run daurna दौड्ना
to go jaanaa जाना
to come aanaa आना
to speak bolna बोलना
to hear sunana सुनना
to look dekhna देखना
to knock khatkhatana खटखटाना

Relationships In Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
name naam नाम
man aadmi आदमी
woman aurat औरत
child bachcha बच्चा
father baap बाप
mother maa माॅ
older brother bara bhai बडाभाई
younger brother chota bhai छोटाभाई
older sister bari bahen बडीबहन
younger sister choti bahen छोटीबहन
son beta बेटा
daughter beti बेटी
husband pati, shouhar पति
wife patni, biwi पत्नि
boy ladka लडका
girl ladki लडकी

Time, Week days In Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
day din दिन
night raat रात
morning subah सुबह
noon dopaher दोपहर
evening sham शाम
yesterday beeta hua kal बीता हुआ कल
today aaj आज
tomorrow aanewala kal आनेवाला कल
week saptah, hafta सप्ताह, हफ्ता
month mah, mahina माह, महीना
year varsh, saal वर्ष, साल
Sunday Ravivar रविवार
Monday Somvar सोमवार
Tuesday Mangalvar मंगलवार
Wednesday Budhvar बुधवार
Thursday Guruvar गुरुवार
Friday Shukravar शुक्रवार
Saturday Shanivar शनिवार

Other Useful Hindi Words

Word Hindi हिन्दी
who kaun कौन
what kya क्या
where kidhar किधर
when kab कब
which kaun sa कौन सा
how many kitne कितने
this yeh यह
that woh वह
these ye ये
those wo वो
same ek jaisa एक जैसा
different alag अलग
whole puraa पुरा
broken tuta टूटा
few thora, kuchh थोडा, कुछ्
many ziada, kai ज्यादा, कई
all sab सब

Hindi Synonym Words In Common Use (Paryayvachi Shabd)

English >   equivalents of Hindi Synonym words in common use are given below.

Note: This page includes Hindi text. We recommend Internet Explorer (IE) for viewing Hindi text.

 

Word Synonyms
अतिथि atithi (guest) मेहमान, अभ्यागत, आगन्तुक, पाहूना
अमृत amrit (nectar) सुधा, सोम, पीयुष, अमिय, अमी
अग्नि agni (fire) अनल, पावक, वहनि, कृशानु, शिखी
अनुपम anupam (unique) अपूर्व, अतुल, अनोखा, अदभुत, अनन्य
अर्थ arth (money) धन्, द्रव्य, मुद्रा, दौलत, वित्त, पैसा
अश्व ashv (horse) हय, तुरङ, वाजि, घोडा, घोटक
अंधकार andhakaar (darkness) तम, तिमिर, तमिस्र, अँधेरा
असुर sur (devil) दनुज, दैत्य, राक्षश, निशाचर, दानव, रात्रिचर
अंहकार ahankaar (vanity) दंभ, दर्प, घमंड, अभिमान
आँख aankh (eye) नेत्र, नयन, लोचन, चक्षु, अक्षि, दृष्टि, विलोचन
आकाश aakaash (sky) नभ, गगन, अंबर, अंतरिक्ष, आसमान, व्योम्
आत्मा aatma (soul) जीव, देव, चैतन्य, चेतनतत्तव, अंतःकरण
इच्छा ichchaa (wish) अभिलाषा, कामना, अभिप्राय, मनोरथ, अभीष्ट
इंद्र Indra सुरेश, सुरेन्द्र, देवेन्द्र, सुरपति, शक्र, पुरंदर
ईश्वर ishwar (god) परमात्मा, प्रभु, ईश, जगदीश, भगवान, परमेश्वर
कमल kamal (lotus) जलज, पंकज, नलिन, पदम्, अरविंद, उत्पल, सरोज्, राजीव, नीरज
किरण kiran (ray) रश्मि, अंशु, कर, मयुख, मरीच, ज्योति, प्रभा
कोयल koyal (nightingale) कोकिला, पिक, सारिका, कुहुकिनी, वनप्रिया
गणेश Ganesh विनायक, गणपति, लंबोदर, गजानन्
गंगा ganga (Ganges) भगीरथी, मंदाकिनी,सुरसरिता, देवनदी, जाहनवी
गर्मी garmi (heat) ताप, ग्रीष्म, ऊष्मा
चंद्र chandra (moon) हिमांशु, इंदु, सुधाकर, विधु, शशि, चंद्रमा, तारापति
जल jal (water) नीर, तोय, वारि, अमृत, उदक, अंबु, पानी
जेवर jewar (jewelry) गहना, अलंकार, भूषण, आभरण, मंडल
धनुष dhanush (bow) चाप्, शरासन, कमान, कोदंड, धनु
नदी nadi (river) सरिता, तटिनी, तरंगिनी, जलमाला, दरिया
नाव naav (boat) नौका, तरणी, तरी
पक्षी pakshi (bird) खेचर, खग, विहंग, नभचर, दविज, पतंग, पंछी
पत्नी patni (wife) भार्या, वधू, वामा, अर्धांगिनी, सहधर्मिणी
पवन pawan (air) वायु, समीर, हवा, अनिल, समीरण, स्पर्शन
पहाड़ pahaad (mountain) पर्वत, शैल, गिरि, नग, धरणीधर, धराधर, महीधर
पुत्र putra (son) बेटा, सुत, आत्मज, तनय
पुष्प pushp (flower) कुसुम, फूल, प्रसून, सुमन, पुहुप
पृथ्वी prithvi (earth) धरा, धरती, मही, वसुंधरा, वसुधा, जमीन, भूमि
माता mata (mother) जननी, माँ, अंबा, जनयत्री, अम्मा
मित्र mitra (friend) सखा, सहचर, साथी, दोस्त
मेघ megh (cloud) बादल, पयोद, जलधर, पयोधर
वन van (forest) कानन, विपिन, अरण्य, कांतार
वृक्ष vriksh (tree) तरू, दरख्त, शाखी, विटप, द्रुम
शत्रु shatru (enemy) रिपु, अरि, विपक्षी, अराति, दुश्मन, वैरी
समुद्र samudra (sea,ocean) सिंधु, रत्नाकर, पयोधि, सागर, जलधि, उदधि
समूह smooh (group) दल, झुंड, वृंद, गण, पुंज
सर्प sarp (snake) अहि, नाग, भुजंग, विषधर, साँप, ब्याल
स्त्री istri (lady) नारी, महिला, अबला, ललना, औरत, कामिनी
संसार sansaar (world) विश्व, लोक, जगत
सिंह sinh (lion) मृगराज, केसरी, हरि, मृगपति, शेर
सुगंधि sugandhi (scent) सौरभ, सुरभि, महक, खुशबू
सुर्य surya (sun) भास्कर, रवि, दिवाकर, दिनकर, प्रभाकर, आदित्य, दिनेश
स्वर्ग swarg (heaven) सुरलोक, देवलोक, परमधाम, त्रिदिव, दयुलोक
स्वर्ण swarn (gold) कंचन, कनक, कुंदन, हेम, सोना
हाथ haath (hand) हस्त, कर, पाणि
हाथी haathi (elephant) नाग, हस्ती, राज, कुंजर, मतंग, वारण

Hindi Antonym Words In Common Use (Vilom Shabd / Viparitarthak Shabd)

English >   equivalents of Hindi Antonym words in common use are given below.

Word Antonym
अज्ञ agya (ignorant) विज्ञ vigya (learned)
अल्प alp (less) अधिक adhik (more)
अनुराग anuraag (love) द्वेष dvesh (hate)
धर्म dharm (religious) अधर्म adharm (irreligious)
विश्वास vishwash (trust) अविश्वास awishwash (doubt)
कटु katu (rude) मधुर madhur (sweet,mild)
कृतज्ञ kritagy (sincere) कृतघ्न kritaghna (insincere)
आय aay (income) व्यय vyay (expenditure)
कोमल komal (soft) कठोर kathore (hard)
भिज्ञ bhigya (known) अभिज्ञ abhigya (unknown)
अनुज anuj (later by birth) अग्रज agraj (ealier by birth)
उदार udaar (liberal,generous) अनुदार anudaar (conservative)
उदय uday (rise) अस्त ast (set)
अनुकूल anukool (favorable) प्रतिकूल pratikool (unfavorable)
गुप्त gupt (hidden) प्रकट prakat (present)
आदर aadar (respect) अनादर anaadar (no-respect)
आस्तिक aastik (believer) नास्तिक naastik (non-believer)
अमृत amrit (nectar) विष vish (poison)
उन्नति unnati (progress) अवनति avanati (regress)
उपस्थिति upasthiti (presence) अनुपस्थिति anupasthiti (absence)
गौण gaur (secondary) मुख्य mukhya (primary)
पाप paap (sin,evil) पुण्य punya (virtue,merit)
वृष्टि vristi (rainfall) अनावृष्टि anavristi (draught)
उग्र ugra (rebellous) शांत shaant (peaceful)
वादी vaadi (petitioner) प्रतिवादी prativaadi (defendant)
क्षुद्र kshudra (small) महान mahaan (huge)
जल jal (water) थल thal (earth)
जय jai (victory) पराजय parajai (defeat)
जड़ jadh (dead) चेतन chetan (live)
दयालु dayalu (with mercy) निर्दय nirday (without mercy)
पुरस्कार puraskaar (prize) तिरस्कार tiraskaar (ignored)
चतुर chatur (clever) मूढ moodh (idiot)
कुटिल kutil (complex) सरल saral (simple)
शूर shoor (brave) कायर kaayar (coward)
हानि haani (loss) लाभ labh (gain)
सुर sur (angel) असुर asur (devil)
सरस saras (juicy,attractive) नीरस niras (unattractive)
स्वतन्त्र swatantra (independent) परतन्त्र partantra (dependent)
स्वर्ग swarg (heaven) नरक nark (hell)
स्वदेश sadesh (own country) परदेश pardesh (other’s country)
प्रकाश prakash (light) अंधकार andhkaar (darkness)
धीर dheer (calm) अधीर adheer (restless)
आदि aadi (beginning) अंत ant (end)
आयात aayaat (import) निर्यात niryaat (export)
अपराधी upraadhi (criminal) निरपराध nirapraadh (innocent)
उद्द्यमी uddyami (industrious) आलसी aalasi (lazy)
उत्थान utthaan (rise) पतन patan (fall)
अनिवार्य anivaary (essential) वैकल्पिक vaikalpic (optional)
लघु laghu (small) गुरु guru (large)
सक्रिय sakriy (active) निष्क्रिय niskriy (passive)
मितव्ययी mitavyayi (frugal,economical) अपव्ययी apavyayi (extravagant)
उर्वर urvar (fertile) ऊसर usar (infertile)
Word Antonym
पुरातन puratan (old,ancient) नूतन nutan (new)
धनी dhani (rich) निर्धन nirdhan (poor)
निन्दा nindaa (censure) प्रंसशा prasansaa (praise)
मित्र mitra (friend) शत्रु shatru (foe)
फूल phool (flower) काँटा kaantaa (thorn)
मान maan (dignity,respect) अपमान apmaan (disrespect)
लोक lok (this world) परलोक parlok (other world)
शिक्षित shixit (educated) अशिक्षित ashixit (uneducated)
शुद्ध shuddh (pure) अशुद्ध ashuddh (impure,contaminated)
उपकार upkaar (help) अपकार apkaar (damage)
आदान aadaan (take) प्रदान praddan (give)
आकाश aakaash (sky) पाताल paataal (under ground)
आशा aasha (hope) निराशा niraasha (despair)
आर्य arya (gentle) अनार्य anarya (ruffian)
कीर्ति kirti (fame) निन्दा nindaa (ill-fame)
क्रय kray (buy) विक्रय vikray (sale)
उन्नत unnat (high) अवनत avanat (low)
सुलभ sulabh (simple) दुर्लभ durlabh (difficult)
संगठन sangathan (fusion) विघटन vighatan (fission)
शोक shok (grief,sorrow) हर्ष harsh (merry)
निरक्षर nirakshar (illiterate) साक्षर saakshar (literate)
आरोह aaroh (ascent) अवरोह avaroh (descent)
सत्य satya (truth) मिथ्या mithyaa (lie)
योगी yogi (saint) भोगी bhogi (enjoyer)
राजतन्त्र rajtantra (aristocracy) प्रजातन्त्र prajatantra (democracy)
जीवन jeevan (life) मरण maran (death)
पंडित pandit (learned) मूर्ख murkh (idiot)
पराधीनता paradhinataa (dependence) स्वाधीनता swaadhinata (independence)
यश yash (fame) अपयश apyash (ill-fame,disgrace)
भाग्य bhaagya (luck) दुर्भाग्य durbhaagya (bad luck)
मानव maanav (human) दानव daanav (demon)
वरदान vardaan (boon) अभिशाप abhishaap (curse)
शांति shanti (peace) अशांति ashanti (turmoil)
शुभ shubh (auspicious,good) अशुभ ashubh (inauspicious,bad)
साकार saakaar (having shape) निराकार niraakaar (without any shape)
सज्जन sajjan (gentle) दुर्जन durjan (villain)
सुकर्म su-karm (good deeds) कुकर्म ku-karm (bad deeds)
योग्य yogya (eligible) अयोग्य ayogya (ineligible)
सुपुत्र su-putr (worthy son) कुपुत्र ku-putr (unworthy son)
सजीव sajeev (live) निर्जीव nirjeev (dead)
जटिल jatil (complex) सरल saral (simple)
अपेक्षा apekshaa (expect) उपेक्षा upekshaa (ignore)
सदाचार sadaachaar (moral behaviour) दुराचार duraachaar (immoral behaviour)
संयोग sanyog (union) वियोग viyog (seperation)
स्वार्थ swaarth (selfishness) परमार्थ paramaarth (unselfishness)
ध्वंस dhwansh (demolish) निर्माण nirmaan (construct)
भूषण bhushan (decoration,ornament) दूषण dushan (fault,pollution)
संकीर्ण sankirn (narrow) विस्तृत vistrit (vast)
सृजन srijan (make) संहार sanhaar (destroy)

Hindi Homonym Words In Common Use (Anekarthak Shabd)

English >   equivalents of Hindi Homonym words in common use are given below.

Word Homonyms
अक्षर परमात्मा, अविनाशी, वर्ण, आत्मा, आकाश, जल
अर्थ धन, ऐश्वर्य, हेतु, प्रयोजन, काम, इंद्रियों के विषय
कर्ण कान, कुंती का पुत्र, त्रिभुज मे समकोण के सामने की भुजा
अज बकरा, ब्रह्मा, अग्नि, सुर्य का रथ, अजन्मा, कामदेव, चंद्रमा, जीवात्मा
कल बीता दिन, आने वाला दिन, मशीन, चैन
काल मृत्यु, समय, अवसर, यम, शनि, शिव, भाग्य
काम कार्य, धंधा, कामदेव, इच्छा, प्रेम, शुक्र
अंक गोद, चिह्न, गिनती, नाटक का एक भाग
कर हाथ, टैक्स, किरण, हाथी का सुँड, ओला
पत्र चिठ्ठी, पत्ता, समाचार पत्र, पृष्ठ, पंख, वाहन, चंदन
हरि भगवान, सर्प, बंदर, वायु, सूर्य, चंद्रमा, सिंह, अग्नि, हंस
गुण कौशल, स्वभाव, शील, लाभ, प्रभाव, धागा
दल समूह, पक्ष, भाग, सेना, पत्ता, अंश, म्यान
मधु शहद, पुष्परस, चैत्र मास, मद्य
चरण पाँव, श्लोक का एक पद, स्तंभ, गोत्र, आश्रय, चतुर्थांश
गौ पृथ्वी, वाणी, गाय, किरण, आँख, सरस्वती, धरती, माता
घट कम, घडा, देह, पिंड, हृदय, किनारा
राग प्रेम, संगीत की ध्वनि, आकर्षण, कष्ट, ईर्ष्या
राशि समूह, मेष-कर्क आदि राशियां
तात पिता, भ्राता, मित्र, प्यारा, तप्त, प्रशस्ति
तीर बाण, तट, तीर का निशान, सीमा
द्विज विप्र, दाँत, पक्षी, ब्राह्मण, चंद्रमा
मान अभिमान, आदर, मापक, तालिका, विराम
निशा रात, हल्दी, स्वप्न, मुर्गा, कपूर
कनक सोना, धतुरा, गेहूँ, पलाश, चंपा
अधर होंठ, पाताल, अंतरिक्ष, चंचल, पराजित
आराम सुख, उद्यान, आरोग्य
पानी जल, कांति, मान-मर्यादा, जीवट, दंभ, मुलम्मा

Hindi Phrases

Read and learn Hindi phrases on these commonly used topics and then use them in your  conversation.

Greetings & Time Related Hindi Phrases…

Greetings – Mubarak ho

Happy New Year - Nav varsh ki shubh kamanayein (more new year greetings)

Good morning -  Shubh prabhat, Su prabhat

Good evening  -  Shubh sandhya

Good night   -  Shubh ratri

Meet again, see you again – Fir miltein hain

Let us meet again -  Fir milenge

Take care – Apna khayal rakhna

I miss you / I remember you a lot  – Mujhe tum bahut yaad aate ho

Next Week  – Agle hafte

God is one  – Ishwar eik hai

Compliments and Praise…

With Compliments of  -  Sabhivadan

Happy anniversary – Varshgaanth ki shubh kamanayein

Happy New Year  - Nav Varsh ki shubh kamanayein

Happy Holidays – Chuttiyo Ki Shubh kaamnayein

Happy birthday  -  Janmdin ki shubh kamanayein,  Janmdin Mubarak
Very Happy Birthday – Janam Din Bahut Mubarak Ho
Very Very Happy Birthday – Janam Din Bahut Bahut Mubarak Ho

Hello, Thank you…

My name is <john> – Mera naam <john> hai
What is your name?- Aapka kya naam hai?

Hello – Namaskar, Namaste

Hi – suno, suniye

Bye – Alvida

Excuse me  -  Jii, Maaf kijiye

Thank you  -  Dhanyavaad, Dhanya-waad

Yours faithfully  -  Bhavdeev

Yours sincerly   -  Aapka

Yours truely     -    Bhavdeev, Aapka

My friend – Mera dost

My life partner – Mere humsafar

Mr.  – Shrimaan
Mrs.  – Shrimati
Miss  – kumaari
Master – kumaar

Go Away  – Chale Jao
Come here – Idhar aao
Shut up – Chup Raho

I Like (something)…

I like playing football. – Mujhe football khelanaa pasand hai.

Do you like listening to music? – Kya aap sangeet sunanaa pasand karte hai?

I hope to win the first prize. – Mujhe pratham puraskaar milne kii aashaa hai.

I don’t like standing about in a cold wet wind. – Mujhe thunde aur geele hawaa ke beech khada rahena pasand nahi hai.

I want something to eat. – Mai kuchh khaanaa chahta hoon.

Do you want to go home? – Kya, aap ghar jaanaa chahte hain?

I love you – Mujhe tumse pyar hai; Mein tumse pyar karta hun

Beyond words of praise – kyaa kahanaa

I really love you – Mujhe tumse such me pyar hai, Mein such me tumse pyar karta hun

From the bottom of my heart – Dil kee gaharaeon se

I love you with all my heart – Mujhe tumse dil se pyar hai

Love – Pyar, Mohabbat

True love – Sachaa Pyar

Bond of friendship  – DostI ka bandhan

I care about you – Mujhe tumhari fikar hai

That was funny  – Woh Hansane wali baat thi

I am (Noun/Adjective)…

I am hungry and thirsty. – Mai bhukhaa aur pyaasaa hoon.

I am enjoying my meal. – Mai apne khaane kaa anand le rahaa hoon.

I am brave and fearless. – Mai bahadur aur nidar hoon.

You are beautiful. – Aap khubsoorat hain.

You are young and strong. – Aap jawaan aur balshaalii hain.

You are intelligent and hard working. – Aap budhimaan aur mehnatii hain.

I will never forgive him – Mein use kabhi muaf nahii karuungaa

1st/2nd Person Pronoun

First Person (Masculine or Feminine)

Nominative singular – I – Mai

Nominative plural – We – hum

Possessive singular -  my, mine – mera

Possessive plural  – our, ours   – hamara, hum sabka

Accusative  singular -  me – mai(?)

Accusative  plural – us – hum(?)

Second Person (Masculine or Feminine)

Nominative – You  – aap, tum

Possessive – Your, Yours – aapka, tumhara

Accusative  - You – aap, tum

My name is <john> – Mera naam <john> hai
What is your name?- Aapka kya naam hai?

Where have you been? – Aap kahan the?
Where are you? – Aap kahan ho?

You are welcome – Aapka swagat hai
Have you eaten? – Kya aapne (khana) kha liya?

How much is it? Yeh kitne ka hai?

Is it wrong? – Kya yeh galat hai?

How are you? – Aap kaise hain?

I am fine. – Mai achchha hoon.

Hindi Quotes About Success

  • वही सबसे तेज चलता है, जो अकेला चलता है।
  • प्रत्येक अच्छा कार्य पहले असम्भव नजर आता है।
  • ऊद्यम ही सफलता की कुंजी है।
  • एकाग्रता से ही विजय मिलती है।
  • कीर्ति वीरोचित कार्यो की सुगन्ध है।
  • भाग्य साहसी का साथ देता है।
  • सफलता अत्यधिक परिश्रम चाहती है।
  • विवेक बहादुरी का उत्तम अंश है।
  • कार्य उद्यम से सिद्ध होते है, मनोरथो से नही।
  • संकल्प ही मनुष्य का बल है।
  • प्रचंड वायु मे भी पहाड विचलित नही होते।
  • कर्म करने मे ही अधिकार है, फल मे नही।
  • मेहनत, हिम्मत और लगन से कल्पना साकार होती है।
  • अपने शक्तियो पर भरोसा करने वाला कभी असफल नही होता।

Hindi Love Quotes

  • मुस्कान प्रेम की भाषा है।
  • सच्चा प्रेम दुर्लभ है, सच्ची मित्रता और भी दुर्लभ है।
  • अहंकार छोडे बिना सच्चा प्रेम नही किया जा सकता।
  • प्रसन्नता स्वास्थ्य देती है, विषाद रोग देते है।
  • प्रसन्न करने का उपाय है, स्वयं प्रसन्न रहना।
  • अधिकार जताने से अधिकार सिद्ध नही होता।
  • एक गुण समस्त दोषो को ढक लेता है।
  • दूसरो से प्रेम करना अपने आप से प्रेम करना है।

Hindi Quotes About Time

  • समय महान चिकित्सक है।
  • समय किसी की प्रतीक्षा नही करता।
  • हर दिन वर्ष का सर्वोत्तम दिन है।
  • एक झूठ छिपाने के लिये दस झूठ बोलने पडते है।
  • प्रकृति के सब काम धीरे-धीरे होते है।

Hindi Quotes About Learning

  • बिना गुरु के ज्ञान नही होता।
  • आपकी बुद्धि ही आपका गुरु है।
  • जिग्यासा के बिना ज्ञान नही होता।
  • बिना अनुभव के कोरा शाब्दिक ज्ञान अंधा है।
  • अल्प ज्ञान खतरनाक होता है।
  • कर्म सरल है, विचार कठिन।
  • उपदेश देना सरल है, उपाय बताना कठिन।

New Year Greetings In Hindi

  • नव वर्ष के आगमन पर हार्दिक बधाई।
  • नव वर्ष शुभ हो।
  • नव वर्ष आपके जीवन मे उमग लाये।
  • नया साल आपको नया अनुभव दे।
  • नव वर्ष आपके लिये हितकारी हो।
  • नव वर्ष मे हर कदम पर आपको सफलता मिले।
  • नव वर्ष मे आप फले, फूले।
  • नया साल आपके लिये लाभदायक हो।
  • नया साल आपके लिये नयी खुशिया लाये।
  • नया साल आपको नया उत्साह प्रदान करे।
  • नव वर्ष सुख- सम्रध्धि से भरपूर हो।
  • नव वर्ष मे आपकी सभी मनोकामनाये पूरी हो।
  • नव वर्ष मे भाग्य सदैव आपका साथ दे।
  • नव वर्ष मे आपकी दिन दोगुनी रात चौगुनी तरक्की हो।

Some Other Hindi Quote

  • धन अपना पराया नही देखता।
  • जैसा अन्न, वैसा मन।
  • अहिंसा सर्वोत्तम धर्म है।
  • बहुमत की आवाज न्याय का द्योतक नही है।
  • अन्याय मे सहयोग देना, अन्याय के ही समान है।
  • विश्वास से आश्चर्य-जनक प्रोत्साहन मिलता है।

Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making is designed for people with little or no previous knowledge of Hindi. Primary emphasis is placed on developing the proficiency necessary to converse with Hindi speakers on a variety of everyday subjects. Lessons include typical questions and their answers.

This unit is ideal if you are considering learning some Hindi to enhance your experiences of traveling in India or as the first step in studying Hindi in greater depth.

At the end of this tutorial you should be able to take part in simple conversations while traveling in India or meeting Hindi speakers anywhere in the world.

Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 1 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘Who lives there?’

English Hindi
who kaun
lives
to live
rahata hai
rahanaa
there vahaan
Who lives there? Vahaan kaun rahata hai?

How to say ‘My friend lives there.’

English Hindi
my mera
meri (female)
friend mitr
dost
lives
to live
rahata (f. rahati) hai
rahanaa
there vahaan
My friend lives there. Vahaan mera (or, meri) mitr (or, dost) rahata (f. rahati) hai.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 2 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘When will you come again?’

English Hindi
when kab
will come
to come
aaoge
anaa
you tum, aap
again fir
When will you come again? Aap (or, tum) fir kab aaoge?

How to say ‘I will come next week.’

English Hindi
I mai
will come
to come
aaungaa
anaa
next agalaa
agalay
week saptah
I will come next week. Mai agalay saptah aaungaa.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 3 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘What will you eat now?’

English Hindi
what kya
will eat
to eat
khaoge
khanaa
you tum, aap
now abhi, is waqt
What will you eat now? Aap (or, tum) abhi kya khaoge?

How to say ‘I want to eat some fruits now.’

English Hindi
I mai
want to eat
to want
khanaa chahungaa
chahanaa
some kuchh
fruits phal
I want to eat some fruits now. Mai is waqt kuchh phal khanaa chahungaa.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

 Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 4 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘What is your order?’

English Hindi
what kya
is
to be
hai
honaa
your tumhara, aapkaa
order aadesh
What is your order? Aapkaa kya aadesh hai?

How to say ‘I will take a glass of milk.’

English Hindi
I mai
will take
to take
lungaa
lenaa
a glass ek gilash
of milk doodh kaa
I will take a glass of milk. Mai ek gilash doodh (kaa) lungaa.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 5 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘What is the fare for a day?’

English Hindi
what kya, kitanaa
is
to be
hai
honaa
fare kiraaya
for a day ek din kaa
What is the fare for a day? Ek din kaa kiraaya kya (kitanaa) hai?

How to say ‘The fare is Rs. 950 per day.’

English Hindi
Fare kiraaya
per
day
prati
din
Rs. rupaya
950 nau sau pachas
The fare is Rs. 950 per day. Prati din kaa kiraaya 950 (nau sau pachas) rupaya hai.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

 Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 6 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘Who is the owner of this place?’

English Hindi
who kaun
is
to be
hai
honaa
owner maalik
this
place
is
jagah
Who is the owner of this place? Is jagah kaa maalik kaun hai?

How to say ‘Mr. XYZ is the owner of this place but he is not present here.’

English Hindi
but kintu, parantu
he, she voh
not nahi
present maujood
here yehaan
Mr. XYZ is the owner of this place but he is not present here. Is jagah ke maalik Mr. XYZ hai kintu voh yehaan maujood nahi hai.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

 Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 7 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘Who is that person?’

English Hindi
who kaun
is
to be
hai
honaa
that vah
person vyakti
Who is that person? Vah vyakti kaun hai?

How to say ‘He is the prime minister of India.’

English Hindi
he, she voh
prime
minister
pradhan
mantri
India
Indian
Bharat
Bharateey
He is the prime minister of India. Voh Bharateey (Indian) pradhan mantri hai.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 8 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘I said nothing.’

English Hindi
I mai, maine
said
to say
kahaa, bolaa
kahanaa
nothing kuchh nahi, kuchh bhi nahi
I said nothing Mai kuchh nahi bola.
or, Maine kuchh bhi nahi kahaa.

How to say ‘I said to halt here for some time.’

English Hindi
halt, stop rukanaa
here yehaan
some
time
kuchh
samay
I said to halt here for some time. Maine yehaan kuchh samay rukane kay liye kahaa.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

 Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 9 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘I am very happy to meet (see) you.’

English Hindi
I mai
am hoon
very
happy, glad
bahut
khush
to meet
to see
mill kar
dekh kar.
I am very happy to meet (see) you Mai aap say mill kar (aap ko dekh kar) bahut khush hoon.

How to say ‘I too am equally happy.’

English Hindi
equally utnaa hi
too bhi
I too am equally happy. Mai bhi utnaa hi khush hoon.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 10 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘How far is the city from here?’

English Hindi
How far kitanaa dur
is hai
city shahar
from
here
se
yehaan
How far is the city from here? Yehaan se shahar kitanaa dur hai?

How to say ‘The fort is about 5 kms from here.’

English Hindi
fort kilaa
about takaribun, lagbhag
The fort is about 5 kms from here. Yehaan se kilaa takaribun 5 kilometer hai.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 11 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘What are you doing here?’

English Hindi
what kya
are doing
to do
kar rahe ho
karanaa
you aap, tum
here yehaan
What are you doing here? Aap yehaan kya kar rahe ho?

How to say ‘I am waiting for my friend.’

English Hindi
my
friend
apna, mera
mitr, dost
am waiting
to wait
intezar kar raha hoo
intezar karanaa
I am waiting for my friend here. Mai yehaan apne dost ka intezar kar rahaa hoo.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

 Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 12 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘The train is late by an hour.’

English Hindi
train rail gaadi
is
to be
hai
honaa
late
hour
der
ghantaa
The train is late by an hour. Rail gaadi ek ghantaa der hai.

How to say ‘It is quite late.’

English Hindi
it yeh
quite
late
kaafee
der
It is quite late.
it’s quite late.
Yeh kaafee der hai
or, Kaafee der ho chuki hai.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

 Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 13 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘Let us go home.’

English Hindi
us hum
let go
to go
chalte hain.
chalanaa
home ghar
Let us go home. Hum ghar chalte hain.

How to say ‘Let us (come) in.’

English Hindi
let in under aane dijiye
come
to come
aane
aanaa
Let us come in.
or, Let us in.
Hume under aane dijiye.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 14 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘This book is very interesting.’

English Hindi
this yeh
book kitab
interesting
very
mazedaar
bahut
This book is very interesting. Yeh kitab bahut mazedaar hai.

How to say ‘This is a popular newspaper.’

English Hindi
popular
quite
lok-priy
kaafee
newspaper
magazine
samachar patr
samachar patrika
This is a popular newspaper.
or,
This newspaper is quite popular.
Yeh ek lok-priy samachar-patr hai.Yeh samachar-patr kaafee lok-priy hai.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

 Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 15 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘I am in a hurry.’

English Hindi
I mai
am hoon
in
hurry
mein
jaldi
I am in a hurry. Mai jaldi mein hoon.

How to say ‘I am on a vacation now.’

English Hindi
vacation
on a vacation
chhutti
chhutti par
now
currently
abhi
I am on a vacation now. Mai abhi chhutti par hoon.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

 Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 16 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘I live in New Delhi (India).’

English Hindi
I mai
live
to live
rahataa (f. rahatee) hoon
rahanaa
in mein
I live in New Delhi (India). Mai New Delhi (India) mein rahataa (f. rahatee) hoon.

How to say ‘My parents live in Punjab.’

English Hindi
parents
mother-father
abhibhavak
mataa-pitaa
my mera, (pl.mere)
meri (pl.mere)
My parents live in Punjab. Mere abhibhavak Punjab mein rahatay hain.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

 Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 17 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘My brother lives in Bangalore.’

English Hindi
my mera, (pl.mere)
meri (pl.mere)
brother bhai
live
to live
rahataa (f. rahatee) hoon
rahanaa
in mein
My brother lives in Bangalore. Mera bhai Bangalore mein rahataa hai.

How to say ‘My sister lives with her husband.’

English Hindi
her
husband
apne
pati
his
her
uska (pl.uske)
uski (pl.uske)
My sister lives with her husband. Meri bahin apne pati ke sath rahatee hai.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 18 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘My office is in South Delhi.’

English Hindi
my mera, (pl.mere)
meri (pl.mere)
office dafter
karyalay
My office is in South Delhi. Mera karyalay South Delhi mein hai.

How to say ‘I use public transport to commute.’

English Hindi
to commute
commute
aane-jaane ke liye
aana-jaana
public
transport
jan
vahan
use istemaal
upyog
I use public transport to commute. Mai aane-jaane ke liye jan-vahan ka istemaal karataa (f. karatee) hoon.

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. HindiLearner.com will go out of its way to make Hindi Sentence Making the best on the net. Chances are, you will find a better web site the next time you come back.

Hindi Sentence Making

Hindi Sentence Making -  tutorial is designed to develop basic skill in making sentences in Hindi. It consists of 18 lessons.

This is Lesson 18 (Previous :: Next lesson of contents)

How to say ‘My office is in South Delhi.’

English Hindi
my mera, (pl.mere)
meri (pl.mere)
office dafter
karyalay
My office is in South Delhi. Mera karyalay South Delhi mein hai.

How to say ‘I use public transport to commute.’

English Hindi
to commute
commute
aane-jaane ke liye
aana-jaana
public
transport
jan
vahan
use istemaal
upyog
I use public transport to commute. Mai aane-jaane ke liye jan-vahan ka istemaal karataa (f. karatee) hoon.

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 Introducing Yourself – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial

Introducing Yourself – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial -  is based around developing skills in introducing yourself in Hindi. It consists of typical questions asked to enquire about someone and response that would normally be given in English, Hindi (Roman) and Hindi (Devnagri).
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Introducing Youself In Hindi

Question Response
Hello
Namaste’
नमस्ते
Hi
Namaste’
नमस्ते
What is your name please?
Aap kaa shubh naam?
आप् का शुभ नाम्?
My name is Charles Brown.
Mera naam Charles Brown hai.
मेरा नाम चार्लेस् ब्रौन् है.
How long you have been in this country?
Aap is desh mein kab se hain?
आप् इस देश मे कब से है?
For the past six months.
pichhale chheh mahine se.
पिछले छः महिने से.
Where do you stay?
Aap kahaan rahate hain?
आप कहाँ रहते है?
At the moment, I am staying in a hotel.
Abhi to mai ek hotel mein rahataa hoon.
अभी तो मै एक होटेल् मे रहता हू.
OK! I shall leave now. Will meet again.
Achchha, abhi mai chalataa hoon. Phir milenge.
अच्छा अभी मै चलता हू. फिर मिले़गे.
Sure, thank you.
Zaroor, dhanyabad.
जरूर्, धन्यवाद्.

Word-Bag : Introducing Yourself – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial

name – naam
month – mahina (pl. mahine)
stay – rahanaa
again – phir
sure – zaroor
thank you – dhanyavaad

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 About Home & Family – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial

About Home & Family – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial -  is based around developing skills in talking about Home & Family in Hindi. It consists of typical questions asked to enquire about someone and response that would normally be given in English, Hindi (Roman) and Hindi (Devnagri).
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Talking About Home & Family In Hindi

Question Response
Hello How are you?
Namaste! Aap kaise hain?
नमस्ते! आप् कैसे है़?
I’m fine,  Thank you! And, how are you?
Main theek hoon. Dhanyavaad! Aur aap kaise hain?
मै ठीक हू़। धन्यवाद्, और आप कैसे है़?
I’m pretty good! Where is your father?
Main bilkul theek hoon. Aapke pita kahan hain?
मै बिल्कुल ठीक हूँ। आप् के पिता कहाँ है़?
My father is out of town.
Mere pita shahar se bahar gaye hain.
मेरे पिता शहर् से बाहर गये हुऐ है़।
How many brothers and sisters you have?
Aap kitne bhai – behan hain?
आप् कितने भाई-बहन है़?
I’ve two brothers, but no sisters.
Mere do bhai hain, par koi behan nahi hai.
मेरे दो भाई है़ पर कोइ बहन नही है।
Any other member in your family?
Aapke parivaar mein koi aur hai?
आप् के परिवार मे़ कोई और है?
My grand father and grand mother stay with us.
Mere dada aur dadi hamare sath rahate hain.
मेरे दादा और दादी हमारे साथ् रहते है़।
Where is your house?
Aapka ghar kahaan hai?
आप का घर कहाँ है?
My house is in South City.
Mera ghar South City mein hai.
मेरा घर साउथ सिटी मे़ है।

Word-Bag : Talking About Home & Family In Hindi Tutorial

father – pita
mother – mata
brother – bhai
sister – behan
grand father   – dada
grand mother  dadi
home – ghar
family – parivaar

Talk During Shopping – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial

Talk During Shopping – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial -  helps you learn how to talk to a shopkeeper in Hindi. It consists of typical questions asked to enquire about someone and response that would normally be given in English, Hindi (Roman) and Hindi (Devnagri).
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Talk During Shopping In Hindi

Question Response
Hello I would like to purchase some readymade garments.
Namaste! Main kuchh taiyyar kapade khareedana chahungaa.
नमस्ते! मै़ कुछ तैय्यार कपडे खरीदना चाहूँगा।
Right sir, what would you like to buy?
Theek mahoday. Aap kya khareedana chahenge?
ठीक महोदय्, आप क्या खरीदना चाहे़गे?
I would like to buy some T-shirts, a shirt and a pair of trousers.
Main kuchh T-shirt, ek kameez aur ek jodi patloon khareedana chahungaa.
मै़ कुछ टी-शर्ट्, एक कमीज और एक जोडी पतलून खरीदना चाहू़गा।
Which colors you prefer?.
Aap kaun sa rang pasand karte hain?.
आप कौन सा ऱग् पसन्द करते है़?
Well, something in light colors, say light blue.
Kuchh halke rang mein, jaise halka neela.
कुछ् हल्के ऱग् मे़, जैसे हल्का नीला।
Fine. Please come this side.
Theek hai. Kripaya is taraf aayen.
ठीक है। कृपया इस तरफ आये़।
Here you are. kindly select your garments. Feel comfortable.
Yahaan par aap kripaya kapade chuniye. Aaram se dekhiye.
यहाँ पर आप कृपया कपडे चुनिये। आराम से देखिये।
(After selecting) I want to buy these five garments. How much do I have to pay?
(Chunane ke baad) mai ye paanch vastr khareedana chahungaa. Mujhe kitnaa bhugtaan dena hai?
(चुनने के बाद्) मै़ ये पाँच् वस्त्र खरीदना चाहू़गा। मुझे कितना भुगतान देना है?
Just a moment sir. Here is your bill which is Rs. 2200 only.
Bus ek kshan mahoday. Ye aapka bill hai jo maatr 2200 rupaya hai.
बस एक क्षण महोदय्। यह आप का बिल है जो मात्र् 2200 रुपया है।
Do you accept credit card, or you take cash only?
Kya aap kredit kard sweekaar karate hain, yaa sirf nagad hi lete hai.
क्या आप क्रेडिट् कार्ड् स्वीकार् करते है, या सिर्फ नगद् ही लेते है?
Credit card will do sir. Can I have your card?
Kredit kard bhi sweekaar hai, mahoday. Kya main aapka kard le saktaa hoon?.
क्रेडिट कार्ड भी स्वीकार है महोदय्। क्या मै़ आप का कार्ड ले सकता हू?
Here it is.(giving the card)
Ye rahaa.(kard dete huye)
ये रहा (कार्ड देते हुये)
Thank you, sir. here’s your card and the shopping bag.
Dhanyavaad mahodaya, ye rahaa aapka kard aur khareedari ka saamaan.
धन्यवाद महोदय्, ये रहा आप का कार्ड और खरीदारी का सामान्।
It’s a nice shopping experience. Thank you.
Yeh khareedaari ka achchhaa anubhav rahaa. Dhanyvaad!
ये खरीदारी का अच्छा अनुभव रहा। धन्यवाद्!

Word-Bag : Talk During Shopping In Hindi Tutorial

sir – mahoday
thank you – dhanyvaad
purchase – khareedana
garments – vastr
to like – chahanaa
color – rang
light color – halka rang
payment – bhugtaan
to accept – sweekaar karanaa
cash – nagad
only – matr

Business Talks in Hindi Tutorial

Business Talks in Hindi -  helps you learn how to talk to a business partner in Hindi. It consists of typical questions asked to enquire about someone and response that would normally be given in English, Hindi (Roman) and Hindi (Devnagri).
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Business Talks in Hindi

Question Response
Good morning sir. I’m Nitin. We had a business appointment today.
Suprabhat Mahoday. main Nitin hoon. Aaj hamari ek vyapaarik vaarta hai.
सुप्रभात महोदय्। मै नितिन हू। आज हमारी एक व्यापारिक वार्ता है।
Good morning to you. I do remeber it.
Aapko bhi suprabhat. Mujhe yeh yaad hai.
आप को भी सुप्रभात्। मुझे यह् याद है।
Please have a seat. Would you prefer tea or coffee?
Kripaya baithiye. Aap chai lena pasand karenge ya koffee.
कृपया बैठिये। आप चाय लेना पसन्द् करे़गे या काफी?
Tea would be fine. What about you?
Chai theeek rahegaa. Aur aap ke liye?
चाय् ठीक रहेगा। और आप के लिये?
I’ll also have tea. Well, what can I do for you?
Main bhi chai lungaa. Achchha main aapke liye kya kar sakta hoon?
मै भी चाय् लू़गा। अच्छा मै आप के लिये क्या कर सकता हू?
I’ve already sent you an application in this matter.
Is baare mein pahale hi ek aavedan aapke pass bhej chukaa hoon.
इस बारे मे एक आवेदन आप के पास भेज चुका हू।
I guess we have received it.
Mera anumaan hai ki hame vah prapt ho chukaa hai.
मेरा अनुमान है कि हमे वह प्राप्त हो चुका है।
We have come to know that you are about to start a business with our products.
Hume maloom hua hai ki aap hamare maal ke jariye ek vyapaar shuru karane wale hain.
हमे मालूम हुआ है कि आप हमारे माल के जरिये एक व्यापार शुरू करने वाले है।
Exactly. Now I would like you to explain me in detail about your terms and conditions.
Bilkul theek. Ab main chahungaa ki aap niyamon aur sharton kaa vistrit vivaran mujhe de.
बिल्कुल ठीक्। अब मै चाहुँगा कि आप नियमो और शर्तो का विस्त्रित विवरण् मुझे दे।
Very well. I’ll explain to you our terms and conditions.(Explains)
Bahut Achchha. Main aapko hamare niyam aur shart vistaar se batata hoon. (batata hai)
बहुत अच्छा। मै आप को हमारे नियम और शर्त विस्तार से बताता हू। (बताता है)
Ok! Your terms and conditions are ageeable to me.
Theek hai. Aapke niyam aur shart mujhe maany hai.
ठीक है। आप के नियम और शर्त मुझे मान्य है।
I’ll revert back to you in a week’s time.
Ek saptah ke under hi main aapke pass dubara aungaa.
एक सप्ताह के अन्दर ही मै आप के पास दुबारा आउगाँ।
Fine. I’ll be waiting for your positive response.
Theek. Main aapke sakaratmak uttar ki pratiksha karungaa.
ठीक मै आप के सकारात्मक् उत्तर की प्रतीक्षा करुगाँ।
See you again. Have a nice day.
Fir milte hain. Aapka din achchha rahe.
फिर मिलते है़। आप का दिन अच्छा रहे।

Word-Bag : Business Talks in Hindi

sir – mahoday
Good morning – Suprabhat
business appointment – vyapaarik vaarta
application – aavedan
guess – anumaan
come to know – maloom hua
terms and condition – niyam aur shart
explaination in details – vistrit vivaran, vistaar se batana
agreeable – maany
positive response – sakaratmak uttar
wait – pratiksha

Conversation In Hindi At Hotel

Conversation In Hindi At Hotel -  helps you learn how to talk to hotel staff in Hindi. It consists of typical questions asked to enquire about someone and response that would normally be given in English, Hindi (Roman) and Hindi (Devnagri).
(Back to List of Lessons)

Conversation In Hindi At Hotel

Question Response
I would like a double bed room.
Main ek do-bistar-wala kamara lena chahata hoon.
मै एक दो बिस्तर का कमरा लेना चाहता हूँ।
Good morning sir, would you like an airconditioned room or a simple room?
Suprabhat, mahoday. Aap vaatanukulit kamara lenge yaa saamanya.
सुप्रभात्, महोदय्। आप वातानुकूलित कमरा लेगे़ या सामान्य्।
Well, what is the tariff of the two?
Dono ka kiraya kya hai?
दोनो का किराया क्या है?
The difference is Rs. 450 only. And how many members are you?
Anter sirf 450 rupaya hai. Aur aap kitne sadasya hain?
अन्तर सिर्फ चार सौ पचास् रुपये है, और आप कितने सदस्य है?
My wife, two children aged 11 and 9, and I.
Main, meri patni aur do bachche jo 9 aur 11 saal ke hain.
मै, मेरी पत्नी और दो बच्चे जो नौ और ग्यारह् साल के है।
Sir, an airconditioned room will be suitable for you.
Mahoday, vaatanukulit kamara aapke liye upyukt rahega.
महोदय्, वातानुकूलित कमरा आप के लिये उपयुक्त रहेगा।
Yes, and what is the checkout time?
Haan, aur kamara khali karne ka samay kya hai.
हाँ, और कमरा खाली करने का समय क्या है?
It is 12 noon. Kindly fill up this form.
Dopahar 12 baje. Kripaya yeh form bhar dijiye.
दोपहर बारह् बजे। कृपया यह फार्म भर दीजिये
Here it is. I’ve filled it.
Yeh lijiye. Main bhar diya hai.
यह लीजिये। मैने भर दिया है।
Thank you sir. It would be nice of you to deposit some money also.
Dhanyavaad mahoday. Yadi aap kuchh rakam jama kar de to behatar hoga.
धन्यवाद महोदय्। यदि आप कुछ रकम जमा कर दे़ तो बेहतर होगा।
You plan to stay for three days?
Aap teen din rahana chahate hai?
आप तीन दिन रहना चाहते है?
Yes. Here is Rs. 5000. Will it do?
Haan. Ye rahe paanch hazar rupaye. Kya itna chalega?
हाँ । ये रहे पाचँ हजार रुपये। क्या इतना चलेगा।
Right sir. You can stay in room No. 403.
Theek hai mahoday. Aap kamara number 403 mein rah sakte hai.
ठीक है महोदय्। आप कमरा नम्बर चार सौ तीन मे़ रह सकते है।
Can you arrange to send my luggage to my room?
Kya mera saman kamre tak bhej sakte hain?
क्या मेरा सामान कमरे तक भेज सकते है?
The bell boy will carry your luggage.Have a comfortable stay.
Maalvahak ladka aapka saman ley jayega. Aapka rahana aaram daayuk ho.
माल वाहक लडका आप का सामान ले जायेगा। आप का रहना आरामदायक् हो।
Thankyou.
Dhanyavaad.
धन्यवाद्।

Word-Bag : Conversation In Hindi At Hotel

sir – mahoday
Good morning – Suprabhat
airconditioned – vaatanukulit
tariff, rent – kiraya
suitable – upyukt
checkout time – kamara khali karne ka samay
to deposit – jama karana
money – rakam
to stay – rahana
luggage – saman
comfortable – aaram daayuk

Travel Related Talk in Hindi

Travel Related Talk in Hindi -  helps you learn how to enquire about travel arrangements in Hindi. It consists of typical questions asked to enquire about someone and response that would normally be given in English, Hindi (Roman) and Hindi (Devnagri).
(Back to List of Lessons)

Travel Related Talk

Question Response
Which way to the airport?
Hawai adda kis taraf hai?
हवाइ अड्डा किस तरफ है?
Take the left turn at next crossing.
Agaley chaurahe par baayen ghoom jaanaa.
अगले चौराहे पर बायेँ घूम जाना।
How much time it takes to reach there?
Vahaan pahuchane mein kitna samay lagega?
वहाँ पहुचने मे कितना समय लगेगा?
Approximately 30 minutes.
Lagbhag tees minute.
लगभग तीस मिनट्।
What is the flight number?
Udaan sankhya kya hai?
उडान स़ख्या क्या है?
Flight number 604.
Udaan Sankhya 604.
उडान स़ख्या छः सौ चार्।
What time does it leave?
Vo kitne baje jata hai?
वो कितने बजे जाता है?
It’s scheduled departure time is 2.30 AM.
Iska jaane ka nirdharit samay subah do baj kar tees minute par hai.
इसका जाने का निर्धारित समय सुबह दो बज कर तीस मिनट पर है।
How much the excess baggage charge?
Jyada saman ka kitna bhugtaan?
ज्यादा सामान का कितना भुगतान्?
Rs. 90 per kg only.
Matr nabbe rupaya prati kilogram.
मात्र नब्बे रुपया प्रति किलोग्राम्।

Word-Bag : Travel Related Talk in Hindi

airport – hawai adda
to reach – pahuchana
time – samay
flight number – udaan sankhya
excess baggage – jyada saman
charge, payment – bhugtaan
how much – kitna
scheduled – nirdharit

Conversation in Hindi during Sight-seeing

Conversation in Hindi during Sight-seeing -  helps you learn how to enquire about sight seeing aspects in Hindi. It consists of typical questions asked to enquire about someone and response that would normally be given in English, Hindi (Roman) and Hindi (Devnagri).
(Back to List of Lessons)

Talk in Hindi during Sight-seeing

Question Response
What is worth seeing here?
Yahaan dekhane layak kya hai?
यहाँ देखने लायक क्या है?
There are some temples and an old fort.
Vahaan kuchh mandir hain aur ek purana kila.
वहाँ कुछ मंदिर है और एक पुराना किला।
How many temples are there?
Vahaan kitne mandir hain?
वहाँ कितने मन्दिर है?
24 temples in all but 10 of them are in ruins.
Kul chaubis mandir haiin lekin unmein se dus khandahar hai.
कुल चौबीस मन्दिर है लेकिन उनमें से दस खन्डहर है।
Where is the fort?
Kila kidhar hai?
किला किधर है?
The fort is on the other side of river.
Kila nadi ke dusari taraf hai.
किला नदी के दुसरी तरफ है।
Please take me there.
Kripaya mujhe vahaan le chaliye.
कृपया मुझे वहाँ ले चलिये।
With pleasure.
Khusi se.
खुशी से।
How long will it take?
Is mein kitna samay lagega?
इस मे़ कितना समय लगेगा?
It will take about 3 hours.
Takariban teen ghante lagenge.
तकरीबन तीन घन्टे लगेंगे।
Then, take us back.
Phir, humko vapas le chalo.
फिर्, हमको वापस ले चलो।
All right.
Theek hai.
ठीक है।

Word-Bag : Conversation in Hindi during Sight-seeing

worth seeing – dekhane layak
here – yahaan, idhar
there – vahaan, udhar
temple – mandir
fort – kila
back – vapas
how long – kitna samay
ruins – khandahar

About School – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial

Talking About School – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial -  is based around developing skills in talking about school in Hindi. It consists of typical questions asked to enquire about someone and response that would normally be given in English, Hindi (Roman) and Hindi (Devnagri).
(Back to List of Lessons)

Talking About School In Hindi

Question Response
Do you go to school?
Kya aap school jaate ho?
क्या आप स्कूल जाते हो?
Yes, I do.
Haan, mai jaataa hoon.
हाँ, मै स्कूल जाता हू।
What’s the name of your school?
Aapke vidyalay kaa naam kya hai?
आप के विद्यालय का नाम क्या है?
XYZ school.
XYZ school
षयश स्कूल्
Where is your school located?
Aap kii pathshala kahaan par hai?
आप् की पाठशाला कहाँ पर है?
It’s on Campbell road in –city– state–
Yah —city–state mein campbell road par hai.
यह् —-शहर् –राज्य में कैम्प् बेल् रोड् पर है।
Do you commute daily to school from your home?
Kya aap school roz ghar se jaate ho?
क्या आप स्कूल रोज् घर से जाते हो?
Yes, I commute daily in school bus.
Haan, mai roz school bus ke jariye jaataa hoon.
हाँ, मै रोज् स्कूल बस के जरीये जाता हूँ।
How far is your school from your house?
Ghar se school kitnee duur hai?
घर से स्कूल कितनी दूर है?
It’s about 6 kms.
Yeh lagbhag cheh kilometer hai.
यह लगभग छः किलोमिटर् है।
Which class you are studying now?
Aap kis kaksha mein padhate ho?
आप किस कक्षा में पढते हो?
I’m studying in 5th standard.
Mai paanchavi kaksha mein padhataa hoon.
मै पाँचवी कक्षा में पढता हूँ।

Word-Bag : Talking About School In Hindi Tutorial

school – school, paathshala, vidyaalay
daily – roz
far, distance – duur, duuri
house – ghar
to study – padhana
about – lagbhag
class, standard – kaksha
fifth – paanchavi

About Birthday – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial

Talking About Birthday – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial -  is based around developing skills in talking about birthday in Hindi. It consists of typical questions asked to enquire about someone and response that would normally be given in English, Hindi (Roman) and Hindi (Devnagri).
(Back to List of Lessons)

Talking About Birthday In Hindi

Question Response
When is your birthday?
Aap kaa janm din kab hai?
आप का जन्म दिन कब है?
My birthday is on 31st day of this month.
Mera janm din is mahine ke ek-tees-vey din hai.
मेरा जन्म दिन इस महिने के एक तीस्वें दिन है।
Happy birthday to you.
Janm din mubarak ho.
जन्म दिन मुबारक हो।
Thank you.
Dhanyavaad.
धन्यवाद्।
How old are you now.
Aap kitane vars ke ho gaye?
आप कितने वर्ष के हो गये?
I am 15 years old now.
Mai pandrah vars kaa hoon.
मै पन्द्रह वर्ष् का हूँ।
Are you planning a birthday party?
Kya aap janm din utsav manaa rahe hai?
क्या आप जन्म दिन उत्सव् मना रहे हैं?
Yes, I am planning to have a birthday party at our home.
Haan, mai apne ghar par janm din manaane kaa yojana banaa rahaa hoon.
हाँ, मै अपने घर पर जन्म दिन मनाने कि योजना बना रहा हूँ।
Who are you inviting for that party?
Us utsav mein kin-ko bulaa rahe ho?
उस उत्सव में किन को बुला रहे हो?
I am inviting all my friends.
mai apne sabhi doston ko nimantran de rahaa hoo.
मैं अपने सभी दोस्तों को निमन्त्रण दे रहा हूँ।
God bless you. Wish you a very happy bithday on 31st.
Ishwar aap par kripa kare. Ek-tees ko aapke bahut khushi-purn janm din ki shubh kamanaaye.
ईश्वर आप पर कृपा करे। एकतीस् को आप के बहुत खुशी-पूर्ण जन्म दिन की शुभ् कामनायें।
Thank you.
Dhanyavaad.
धन्यवाद्।

Word-Bag : Talking About Birthday In Hindi Tutorial

birthaday – janm din
31st – ek-tees-vaan
month – mahinaa
to invite – bulaanaa, nimantran dena
to plan – yojanaa banaanaa
year – vars
God bless you – Ishwar aap par kripa kare
to wish – shubh-kaamanaa dena
happy – khush, khushi-purn

About Hobbies – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial

Talking About Hobbies – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial -  is based around developing skills in talking about hobbies in Hindi. It consists of typical questions asked to enquire about someone and response that would normally be given in English, Hindi (Roman) and Hindi (Devnagri).
(Back to List of Lessons)

Talking About Hobbies In Hindi

Question Response
What are your Hobbies?
Aap kay hobbies kya hai?
आप के हाबीज क्या हैं?
Swimming, gardening, and dancing.
Tairaaki, baagvaani aur nritya.
तैराकी, बागवानी और नृत्य।
Where do you go for swimming.
Aap tairaaki ke liye kahaan jaate ho.
आप तैराकी के लिये कहाँ जाते हो?
I practice swimming in my school’s swimming pool.
Mai tairaaki kaa abhyaas apne school ke taran-taal mein karataa hoon.
मैं तैराकी का अभ्यास अपने स्कूल् के तरण ताल में करता हूँ।
And where do you do gardening.
Aur aap baag-vaani kahaan karate ho?
और आप बागवानी कहाँ करते हो?
I do gardening in the backyard of our home.
Mai apne ghar ke peeche ki jagah mein baag-vaani karataa hoon.
मै अपने घर के पीछे की जगह में बागवानी करता हूँ।
What about dancing?
Nritya ke liye kya karate ho?
नृत्य के लिये क्या करते हो?
I have joined a dancing school where I go twice a week.
Mai nay ek nritya-school mein daakhilaa liya hai, jahaan mai saptaah mein do baar jaataa hoon.
मैने एक नृत्य स्कूल में दाखीला लिया है, जहाँ मै सप्ताह में दो बार जाता हूँ।
Do you practice under the guidance of a coach/tutor?
Kya aap kissi guru ke nigraani mein abhyaas karate ho?
क्या आप किसी गुरु की निगरानी में अभ्यास करते हो?
Yes, there is a coach in our dance class.
Haan, mere nritya kaksha mein ek guru hain.
हाँ, मेरे नृत्य कक्षा में एक गुरु हैं।
Do you participate in competetions.
Kya aap pratiyogitaa mein bhaag lete ho?
क्या आप प्रतियोगिता में भाग लेते हो?
Not till now.
Abhi tak nahi.
अभी तक नही।

Word-Bag : Talking About Hobbies In Hindi Tutorial

swimming – tairaaki
swimming pool – taran taal
to swim – tairanaa
practice – abhyaas
gardening – baagvaani
dancing – nritya, nritya-kala
backyard – peeche ki jagah
twicw a week – saptaah mein do baar
coach/tutor – guru
guidance – nigaraani
competetion – pratiyogitaa
till now – abhi tak

About Pets – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial

Talking About Pets – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial -  is based around developing skills in talking about pets in Hindi. It consists of typical questions asked to enquire about someone and response that would normally be given in English, Hindi (Roman) and Hindi (Devnagri).
(Back to List of Lessons)

Talking About Pets In Hindi

Question Response
Do you like pets?
Kya aapko paalatu jeev pasand hai?
क्या आप को पालतू जीव पसन्द हैं?
Yes, I do like pets.
Haan, mai paalatu jeev pasand karata (f. karatee) hoon.
हाँ, मैं पालतू जीव पसन्द करता हूँ।
Do you have a pet?
Kya aapke paas koi paalatu jeev hai?
क्या आप के पास कोइ पालतू जीव है?
Yes, I have a parrot.
Haan, mere paas ek tota hai.
हाँ मेरे पास एक तोता है।
What name you have given to him/her?
Aap ne usko kya naam diya hai?
आप ने उसको क्या नाम दिया है?
I call him ‘Copy-cat’.
Mai usko ‘Copy-cat’ kahataa (f.kahatee) hoon.
मैं उसको ‘कापी-कैट्’ कहता हूँ।
Why so?
Aisaa kyon?
ऐसा क्यों?
Because he copies other’s talk.
kyon-ki vah doosare ki baat-cheet ki nakal karataa hai.
क्योंकि वह दूसरे की बात्-चीत की नकल करता है।
What do you feed him?
Aap usay khane ke liye kya dete ho?
आप उसे खाने के लिये क्या देते हो?
Some chopped fruits and bread.
Kuchh katay huye phal aur roti.
कुछ कटे हुये फल और रोटी।
Do you feel happy taking care of your pet?
Kya aap apne paalatu tota ki dekh-bhaal karke khush hotay ho?
क्या आप अपने पालतू तोता की देखभाल करके खुश होते हो?
Yes, I feel good.
Haan, mujhe achchhaa lagataa hai.
हाँ, मुझे अच्छा लगता है।

Word-Bag : Talking About Pets In Hindi Tutorial

pet, pets – paalatu jeev
to like – pasand karanaa
parrot – tota
talk – baatcheet
taking care – dekh bhaal karanaa
to feel good – achchhaa laganaa

About Movies – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial

Talking About Movies – Conversation In Hindi Tutorial -  is based around developing skills in talking about cinema in Hindi. It consists of typical questions asked to enquire about someone and response that would normally be given in English, Hindi (Roman) and Hindi (Devnagri).
(Back to List of Lessons)

Talking About Films In Hindi

Question Response
Do you like watching movies?
Kya aapko cinema dekhanaa pasand hai?
क्या आप को सिनेमा देखना पसन्द है?
Yes, I do like watching movies.
Haan, mai cinema dekhanaa pasand karata (f. karatee) hoon.
हाँ, मैं सिनेमा देखना पसन्द करता हूँ।
When do you prefer to watch a movie?
Aap cinema kab dekhanaa pasand karate hai?
आप सिनेमा कब देखना पसन्द करते हैं?
I prefer to watch in the afternoon.
mai do-pahar-baad dekhanaa jyaada pasand karataa hoon.
मैं दोपहर्-बाद देखना ज्यादा पसन्द करता हूँ।
Do you prefer to watch in a movie-hall or on your home theatre system?
Aap cinema-hall mein dekhana jyaada pasand karate hai yaa apnay home-theatre-system par?
आप सिनेमा हाल में देखना ज्याद पसन्द करते हैं, या अपने होम्-थिएटर पर्?
I prefer to watch in a movie hall.
Mai cinema-hall mein dekhanaa jyaadaa pasand karataa (f.karatee) hoon.
मै सिनेमा हाल में देखना ज्यादा पसन्द करता हूँ।
Why so?
Aisaa kyon?
ऐसा क्यों?
I enjoy it more there.
mujhe vahaan jyaadaa mazaa aataa hai.
मुझे वहाँ ज्यादा मजा आता है।
Any other reason?
Aur koi kaaran?
और कोई कारण्?
My friends can join me there.
Mere dost vahaan mil sakate hai.
मेरे दोस्त वहाँ मिल सकते हैं।
Without disturbing anyone in the family.
Parivaar mein kisi ko paresaan kiye binaa.
परिवार में किसी को परेशान किये बिना?
Yes, that too.
Haan, vah bhi.
हाँ, वह भी।

Word-Bag : Talking About Movies In Hindi Tutorial

watching movies – cinema dekhanaa
to like – pasand karanaa
afternoon – do pahar baad
enjoy – mazaa
reason – kaaran
family – parivaar
to disturb – paresaan karanaa

Begin Hindi Learning

This tutorial - Begin Hindi Learning -  is meant for absolute beginners. It  consists of twelve lessons.

This is Lesson 1 of 12. (Previous :: Next)

LESSON 1 : What Is.. It/This/These/That/Those?

What Kyaa
What is Varun doing?
Varun is playing.
Varun kyaa kar rahaa hai?
Varun khel rahaa hai.
What is Rini carrying?
Rini is carrying a book.
Rini kyaa le jaa rahi hai?
Rini ek pustak le jaa rahi hai.
What is in the basket?
An apple is in the basket.
Tokri mein kyaa hai?
Tokri mein ek sev hai.
What is mother doing?
Mother is reading the newspaper.
Maa kyaa kar rahi hai?
Maa samachar-patra padh rahi hai.
What is the time?
It’s 8 o’clock.
Samay kyaa huaa hai?
Abhi aath baje hain.
What is it?
It’s a pencil.
Yeh kyaa hai?
Yeh ek pencil hai.
What is it?
It is a door.
Yeh kyaa hai?
Yeh ek darwazaa hai.
What is This?
This is a lock.
Yeh kyaa hai?
Yeh ek taalaa hai.
What is this?
This is a bat.
Yeh kyaa hai?
Yeh ek balla hai.
What are these?
These are books.
Ye kyaa hain?
Ye pustaken hain.
What are these?
These are balls.
Ye kyaa hain?
Ye genden hain.
What is that?
That is a car.
Woh kyaa hai?
Woh ek car hai.
What is that?
That is a ball.
Woh kyaa hai?
Woh ek gend hai.
What are those?
Those are zebras.
Woh kyaa hain?
Woh sab zebra hain.
What are those?
Those are vegetables.
Woh kyaa hain?
Woh sabzian hain.

Word Bag.

To Play – Khelna, To carry – Le janaa, Basket – Tokri, Apple – Sev, Newspaper – Samachar-patra, To read – Padhna, Time – Samay,  o’clock – Baje, Door – Darwazaa (pl. Darwaaze), Lock – Taalaa (pl. Taale), Bat – Balla (pl. balle), Ball – Gend (pl. Genden), Book – Pustak, kitab (pl. pustaken, kitaben), Vegetable – Sabzi (pl. sabzian)

Try It Out.

1. Say in Hindi

  • What is that?
  • That is a dog.
  • What are these?
  • These are animals.
  • What are those?
  • Those are ducks.
  • What is this?
  • This is my house key.
  • What is the time now?
  • It’s 5 o’clock in the afternoon.

2. Find Hindi words for these words. (Hint: Look up Hindi words page or some dictionary)

  • dog, dogs
  • animal, animals
  • duck, ducks
  • house, houses
  • key, keys
  • am, pm

3. Find more Hindi words that represent/describe other names (nouns).

Begin Hindi Learning

This tutorial - Begin Hindi Learning -  is meant for absolute beginners. It  consists of twelve lessons.

This is Lesson 2 of 12. (Previous :: Next)

LESSON 2 : Who, What, Where?

Who Kaun
What Kyaa
Where Kahan
Who is he?
He is Gopal.
Vah kaun hai?
Vah Gopal hai.
What is he?
He is a farmer.
Vah kyaa hai?
Vah ek kisan hai.
Where is he?
He is in his field.
Vah kahan hai?
Vah apne khet mein hai.
Who is she?
She is Mrs. Singh.
Vah kaun hai?
Vah Mrs. Singh hain.
What is she?
She is a teacher.
Vah kyaa hain?
Vah ek adhyaapika hain.
Where is she?
She is in her classroom.
Vah kahan hain?
Vah apne kaksha mein hain.
Who is he?
He is Manav.
Vah kaun hai?
Vah Manav hai.
What is he?
He is a student.
Vah kyaa hai?
Vah ek vidyaarthi hai.
Where is he?
He is in his room.
Vah kahan hai?
Vah apne kamra mein hai.
Who are they?
They are Ram and Shyam.
Vey kaun hain?
Vey Ram aur Shyam hain.
What are they?
They are vendors.
Vey kyaa hain?
Vey dukaandaar hain.
Where are they?
They are in a market.
Vey kahan hain?
Vey ek bazaar mein hain.
Who are you?
I am a girl.
Aap (informal.Tum) kaun ho?
Mai ek ladki hoon.
What is your name?
My name is Sophia.
Aapka (informal.Tumhara) naam kya hai?
Mera naam Sophia hai.
What are you?
I am a student.
Aap kyaa (karti) ho?
Main ek vidyaarthi hoon.
Who are you?
We are boys.
Aap kaun ho?
Hum ladke hain.
What are your names?
My name is Raja and his name is Rana.
Aapke naam kyaa hain?
Mera naam Raja hai aur uska naam Rana hai.
What are you?
We are students of St. Paul’s School.
Aap kyaa hain?
Hum St. Paul School ke vidyaarthi hain.

Word Bag.

farmer – kisan,  field – khet, teacher - adhyaapak (f. adhyaapika), classroom – kaksha, student – vidyaarthi, room – kamra, vendor – dukaandaar, market- bazaar, girl – ladki, boy – ladkaa(pl. ladke), name – naam

Try It Out.

1. Say in Hindi

  • Who is she?
  • She is Pinky.
  • What is she?
  • She is a nurse.
  • Where is she?
  • She is in the hospital.
  • Who is he?
  • He is Raman.
  • What is he?
  • He is a football player.
  • Where is he?
  • He is in the stadium.

2. Find Hindi words for these words. (Hint: Look up Hindi words page or some dictionary)

  • Nurse
  • Hospital
  • Football
  • Player
  • Stadium

3. Find more Hindi words that represent/describe other professions and their places of work.
Begin Hindi Learning

This tutorial - Begin Hindi Learning -  is meant for beginners. It  consists of twelve lessons.

This is Lesson 3 of 12. (Previous :: Next)

LESSON 3 : Whose, When?

Whose Kiskaa, kiski or kiskee
Whose book is this?
This is Rini’s book.
Yeh kiski kitab hai?
Yeh Rini ki kitab hai.
Whose pen is this?
This is your pen.
Yeh kiskaa kalam hai?
Yeh tumhara kalam hai.
Whose dog is this?
This is Vicky’s dog.
Yeh kiskaa kutta hai?
Yeh Vicky ka kutta hai.
Whose house is this?
This is Lucy’s house.
Yeh kiskaa ghar hai?
Yeh Lucy ka ghar hai.
Whose school is this?
This is my school.
Yeh kiskaa vidyalay hai?
Yeh mera vidyalay hai.

When?

Kab?
When do you go to school?
I go to school in the morning.
Tum school kab jate ho?
Mai school subah jaataa hoon.
When do you play?
I play in the evening.
Tum khelate kab ho?
Mai sham ko khelataa hoon.
When do you sleep?
I sleep in the night.
Tum kab sote ho?
Mai raat me sota hoon.

Word Bag.

book – kitab, pen – kalam, dog – kutta, house – ghar,  school – vidyalay, morning – subah, night – raat, go – jaanaa, play – khelanaa, sleep – sonaa,

Try It Out.

1. Say in Hindi

  • Whose advice you will follow?
  • I’ll follow my friends advice.
  • Whose motorbike you are riding?
  • I’m riding my brother’s motorbike.
  • Whose ducks are those?
  • Those are Sloane’s ducks.
  • When do you visit your dentist?
  • I visit my dentist once every month.
  • When are you going to Miami.
  • I’ll go to Miami during my holidays.

2. Find Hindi words for these words. (Hint: Look up Hindi words page or some dictionary)

  • advice, advise
  • duck, ducks
  • ride, riding
  • dentist, doctor
  • holidays, vacations

3. Learn more Hindi words related to time and persons.

LESSON 4 : What, When, Why, How … Do You Want?


What do you want?

Aap kyaa chahate hain?
What do you want to see?
I want to see Taj-Mahal.
Aap kyaa dekhnaa chahate hain?
Mein Taj-Mahal dekhnaa chahataa(f.chahatee) hoon.
What do you want to drink?
I want to drink orange juice.
Aap kyaa pinaa chahate hai?
Mein santre kaa rus pinaa chahataa hoon.
What do you want to eat?
I want to eat rice.
Aap kyaa khana chahate hain?
Mein chawal khanaa chahataa hoon.

When do you want?

Aap kab chahate hain?
When do you want to see Taj-Mahal?
I want to see it in the moonlight.
Aap Taj-Mahal kab dekhanaa chahate hain?
Mai ise chand ki roshani mein dekhanaa chahataa (f.chahatee) hoon.
When do you want to drink?
I want to drink after sunset.
Aap pinaa kab chahate ho?
Mai suryast ke baad pinaa chahataa hoon.
When do you want to eat?
I want to eat at 10 pm.
Aap kab khanaa chahate ho?
Mai raat ke 10 baje khanaa chahataa (f.chahatee)hoon.

Why do you want?

Aap kyun chahate ho?
Why do you want to see Taj-Mahal?
I want to see because it’s a famous monument.
Aap Taj-mahal dekhanaa kyun chahate ho?
Mein isliye dekhanaa chahataa hoo kyun ki yeh bahut mushoor imaarat hai
Why do you want to see it in moonlight?
I’ve been told that it looks most beautiful then.
Aap ise chand ki roshani me dekhanaa kyun chahate ho?
Mujhe bataayaa gayaa hai ki yeh us samay sabse jyaadaa khoobsoorat dikhayi detaa hai.
Why do you want to eat rice?
I like it very much.
Aap chawal khaanaa kyun chahate ho?
Mujhe yeh bahut pasand hai.

How do you want?
Aap kaise/kis tarah chahate ho?
How do you want to go there?
I want to go there by train.
Aap vahaa kis tarah jaanaa chahate ho?
Mein vahaa rail gaddi se jaanaa chahataa hoon.
How do you want to move around there?
I will walk or use local transport.
Aap vahaa kis tarah ghoomnaa-firnaa chahate ho?
Mein vahaa paidal chalungaa aur sthaniye savaari kaa istemaal karungaa.

Word Bag.

want – chahiye, what – kyaa, when – kab, why – kyun, kyon, how – kaise, kis tarah, To see – dekhanaa,  To drink – pinaa, To eat – khanaa, orange – santra (pl. santre), juice – rus, rice – chawal, moon – chand, light – roshani or prakash, sunset – surya ast, after – baad,  famous – mushoor or prasiddh, monument – imaarat, most – sabse jyaadaa, beautiful – khoobsoorat, like – pasand, very – bahut, To go – jaanaa, train – rail gaddi, move around – ghoomnaa-firnaa, local – sthaniye, transport – savaari, use – istemaal or upyog

Try It Out.

1. Say in Hindi

  • What do you want to play?
  • I want to play basketball.
  • What do you want to wear?
  • I want to wear a cotton dress.
  • When do you want to leave?
  • I want to leave in the afternoon.
  • When do you want to return back?
  • I want to return back next day.
  • Why do you want to stay out in the night.
  • I want to experience the night – life in the countryside.
  • How do you want to travel.
  • I want to travel by train.
  • How do you want to go through the country side.
  • I want to walk or use local transport.

2. Find Hindi words for these words. (Hint: Look up Hindi words page or some dictionary)

  • apple, plum, mango, banana
  • wheat, barley, maize,
  • sun, sunrise, sun light
  • ugly
  • dislike
  • building, multi-storied building

3. Find more Hindi words related to what you can eat or drink.

LESSON 5 : What is your name?

Introduction Parichay
Hello! What is your name? Suniye! Aap kaa naam kyaa hai?
My name is Ronie. What is your name? Mera naam Ronie hai. Aap kaa kyaa naam hai?
My name is John. You are a nice person, Ronie. Mera naam John hai. Ronie, aap ek achchhe aadmi hai.
Thank You, John. Dhanyabaad, John.
Where do you live, Ronie? Ronie, aap kahan rahte hai?
I live in NOIDA. Where do you live, John? Mai NOIDA mein rahtaa hoon. John, aap kahan rahte ho?
I live in Embassy Enclave in New Delhi. Mai Embassy enclave, New Dehi me rahataa hoon.
I’m glad to meet you, John. John, aap se mil kar mujhe khusi hui.
Nice to meet you, Ronie. See you again. Ronie, aap se milna achchha rahaa. Fir milenge.

Telling names?

Naam batanaa?
He is a boy.
His name is Ron.
Woh ek ladkaa hai.
Uskaa naam Ron hai.
She is a teacher.
Her name is Suzzane.
Her brother’s name is Shan.
Woh ek adhyaapikaa hai.
Uskaa naam Suzzane hai.
Uske bhai ka naam Shan hai.
I’m a student.
My name is Rashdie.
Mai ek vidyaarti hoo.
Mera naam Rashdie hai.

Word Bag.

Hello – Suniye, nice – achchha, person – aadmi, To live – rahna, glad to meet – mil kar khusi hui, nice to meet – milna achchha raha, see again or meet again – fir milenge

Try It Out.

1. Say in Hindi

  • What is your brother’s name?
  • My brother’s name is …..
  • What is your parents names?
  • My father’s name is ….. and my mother’s name is …..
  • What is your pet’s name?
  • my pet dog’s name is Jojo.
  • What is the name of your school?
  • The name of our school is…..
  • What is your nick name?
  • My nick name is…..

2. Find Hindi words for these words. (Hint: Look up Hindi words page or some dictionary)

  • pet, pet bird, pet animal
  • school, college, university
  • sister, mother, father, parents
  • grandfather, grandmother, grand parents
  • friends, classmates, colleagues

3. Learn more Hindi words related to this lesson.

LESSON 6 : Has, Have, Yes, No.

has, have mein, par, pass
What has she in her basket?
She has flowers in her basket.
Uski tokri mein kyaa hai?
Uski tokri mein phool hain.
What has he on his head?
He has a hat on his head.
Uske sar par kyaa hai?
Uske sar par ek topi hai.
What have they in their hands?
They have books in their hands.
Unke haath mein kyaa hai?
Unke haath mein kitabe hain.
You have sugar.
You have no sugar.
Aapke pass chini hai.
Aapke pass chini nahi hai.
She has a cat near her.
He has no cat near him.
Uske nuzdeek billi hai.
uske nuzdeek billi nahi hai.
The women have flowers in their hands.
The men have no flowers in their hands.
Aurato ke haath mein phool hain.
Aadmiyo ke haath mein phool nahi hai.

Yes, No

Haan, Nahi
Do you have sugar?
Yes, I do have.
Kyaa tumhare pass chini hai?
hann, mere pass hai.
Have you got books in your hands?
No, we have no books in our hands.
We have pencils in our hands.
Kyaa tum sab ke haath mein pustake hain?
Nahi, hamare haath mein pustake nahi hain.
Hamare haath mein pencilain hain.
Have you got a headache, Don?
Yes, I have severe headache.
Don, kyaa tumhe sar dard hai?
Haan, mujhe tej sar dard hai.

Word Bag.

basket – tokri, flower – phool, head – sar, hat – topi, hand – haath, sugar – chini, cat – billi, headache – sar dard, sever – tej

Try It Out.

1. Say in Hindi

  • Can I have an eraser?
  • She has a beautiful dress.
  • Now, televisions don’t have antennas.
  • Giraffes have long necks.
  • An owl has a funny face.
  • They have their shoes on their feet.
  • The students have their books in their bags.
  • I have a cup in my hands.
  • The girl has a flower in her hands.

2. Find Hindi words for these words. (Hint: Look up Hindi words page or some dictionary)

  • eraser, pencil, pen, bag
  • television, radio, camera, phone
  • neck, face, leg, feet
  • shoes, socks, gloves
  • cup, plate, spoon, glass

3. Learn more Hindi words related to this lesson.

LESSON 7 : Using Please!

Please kripayaa, kripaa karke
Please, may I come in? kripaya, kyaa mein andar aa sakataa (f. sakti) hoon?.
Yes, please come in. Haan, kripayaa andar aaiye.
Can I borrow a book, please. Kripyaa, kyaa mein ek kitab udhar le sakta (f. sakti) hoon?
Yes, you can. Please go to the bookshelf and select the book. Haan, aap le sakte ho. Kripayaa kitabon ki almari se kitab chun kar le aaiye.
Please, give this book to me. Kripayaa, yeh kitab mujhe dijiye.
Sure. Please wait for a moment. Haan jaroor. Kuchh pal intezar kijiye.
Thank you. Dhanyabad (or, shukriyaa)

Word Bag.

in (or inside) – andar, to come – aanaa, to borrow – udhar lena, to select – chun na, shelf – almari, asking to give – dijiye, to wait – intezar karna, moment – pal

Try It Out.

1. Say in Hindi

  • Please wait outside in the lawn.
  • Please go to the market and get a notebook.
  • Please lend your bicycle to me.
  • Please take this medicine.
  • Please rest for some time.
  • Please practice for a few days.
  • Please come early next day.
  • Please hurry up and clean this place.
  • Please be prompt in your answers.

2. Find Hindi words for these words. (Hint: Look up Hindi words page or some dictionary)

  • out, outside
  • to go, to lend, asking to take
  • some time, next day, few days
  • to hurry, to be prompt
  • notebook, notepad, diary
  • questions, answers
  • medicine, snacks, food

3. Learn more Hindi words related to this lesson.

LESSON 8 : My Family

My Family Mera Parivaar
I am Raj.
I am six years old.
Mein raj hoon.
Mein chhah saal kaa hoon.
She is Romi.
She is nine years old.
Woh Romi hai.
Woh nau saal kii hai.
She is my sister.
I am her brother.
Woh meri bahan hai.
Mein uska bhai hoon.
We live in Lajpat Nagar, Delhi. Hum Lajpat Nagar, Delhi me rahte hai.
I am in first standard.I go to school every day. Mein pratham kakshaa me hoon.
Mein roz school jaataa hoon.
My sister also goes to school. Meri bahan bhi school jaatii hai.
My father is a doctor.
He is always busy with patients.
He is very gentle.
He is very sincere.
Mere pitaa ek doctor hai.
Woh hamesha marizon ke sath byast rahte hai.
Woh bahut vinamra hai.
Woh bahut mehanati hai.
My mother is very good.
She keeps the house clean.
She cooks food for us.She loves all of us.
Meri maa bahut achchhi hai.
Woh ghar ko saaf rakhati hai.
Woh hamare liye khana banati hai.
Woh hum sabse prem karti hai.
My father and mother are my parents.
We obey them.
Mere maa aur pitaa hamare abhibhavak hai.
Hum unki baat manate hai.
Ours is a small family.We are a happy family. Hamara ek chhotaa parivaar hai.
Hamara ek khus parivaar hai.

Word Bag.

my – mera, family – parivaar, year – saal, sister – bahan, brother – bhai, father – pitaa, mother – maa or maataa, parents – abhibhavak,  every day – roz or prati din, first – pratham, to live – rahna, to obey – baat manana or agyaa palan karna

Try It Out.

1. Say in Hindi

  • My name is ….
  • I am seven years old.
  • I go to play daily.
  • I live in ……
  • My father is a …..
  • My mother is a …..
  • My grand parents is staying in a different place.
  • We visit them during our holidays.
  • They come and stay with us during winters.

2. Find Hindi words for these words. (Hint: Look up Hindi words page or some dictionary)

  • month, day
  • grand father, grand mother, grand parents
  • cousin sister, cousin brother
  • uncle, aunt
  • city, town, village

3. Learn more Hindi words about numbers and relations.

4. Make sentences from the following words.
din, dada, dadi, chacha, chachi, chacheri bahan, chachera bhai

LESSON 9 : Guiding The Way

Your friend has come from abroad to India. He wants to visit you at Lucknow. He is staying in Delhi. Guide him about transport, ticket purchase, and other preparations for the journey to visit your place.

Rohan: Good morning, Smith. Rohan Here.
Rohan: Namaste, Smith. Mai Rohan hoon.
Smith: Good morning. Great to hear from you. Smith: Namste, Tumse baat karke bahut achchha laga.
Rohan : When will you come to our place, Smith? Rohan : Hamare yahan kab aa rahe ho, Smith?
Smith: Very soon. Tell me way to your place. Smith: Bahut jald.  Apne yahan aane ka tarika batao?
Rohan : Certainly. I stay in Lucknow city which is about 500 Kms from Delhi. Rohan : Avasya. Mai Lucknow shahar me rahata hoo jo Delhi se lagbhag 500 kilomete ki duri par hai.
Smith: What is most suitable mode of transport for this journey? Smith: Is yatra ke liye sabse upyukt yatayat ka sadhan kya hai?
Rohan : I suggest you travel by train. Of course, it takes about 8 hours to reach here by train. Rohan : Mai railgadi se aane ki salah doonga. Halanki is me yahan tak aane me takariban 8 ghante lag jayenge.
Smith: Any alternative? Smith: Koi vikalp?
Rohan : Yes, airline services are available. Rohan : Haan, vayuyan subidha bhi maujud hai.
Smith: How long is the flight time? Smith: Udan samay kitna hoga?
Rohan : It is just about an hour. But check-in and check-out time are about 2 hours. Also drive to and from airport is slightly more. That way, you don’t save much on time. Rohan : Karib ek ghanta. Kintu check-in aur check-out ka samay 2 ghante ke karib hoga. Aur airport tak jaane tatha vaha se aane ka samay bhi jyada hai. Is tarah se, tum koi jyada samay nahi bacha sakte.
Smith: Then, I will prefer a train journey. Which train will be most comfortable? Smith: Fir, mai railgadi se aana pasand karunga. Kaun si railgadi sabse aaramdeh hai?
Rohan : If you want to travel during day and enjoy site-seeing too, then you can use Shatabdi. In case you want to travel during night, then use Lucknow mail. Rohan : Agar din me yatra karna aur drisy-avalokan karana chate ho to Shatabdi ka istemal kar sakte ho. Agar raat me yatra karna chahate ho to Lucknow mail ka istemal kar sakte ho.
Smith:  I want to travel during daytime. Where and how to get the train ticket? Smith: Mai din ke samay yatra karna chahata hoon. Railgadi ka ticket kahan aur kaise milega.
Rohan : There is a separate ticket counter for Shatabdi trains at New Delhi Railway station. You can purchase your ticket there. Just be there 30 minutes before the train departure time just to ensure you get the ticket in case there is some rush. Rohan : Nayi Dilli railway station par Shatabdi ki ek alag ticket khidki hai. Tum apna ticket vahan se kharid sakte ho. Sirf, vahan train chutane ke 30 minute pahle pahunch jana taki agar bheed hai to bhi ticket mil jaye.
Smith: I will do that. I will start my journey day-after-tomorrow. Do I need to make any other preparation? Smith: Mai vaisa hi karunga. Mai apni yatra parso shuru karunga. kya mujhe koi aur bhi taiyari karni hogi?
Rohan : You will get enough food and drinks in the train. So just carry your personal belongings and your travel documents. Rohan : Tumhe railgadi me khane-peene ke liye bahut kuch mil jayega. Sirf apna khud ka saman aur yatra ke kagajat apne sath le aana.
Smith: That’s very nice. Smith: Yeh to bahut achchha hai.
Rohan : I will meet you at Lucknow railway station. Note down my telephone number in case you want to call me again. (tells telephone number) Rohan : Mai tumse Lucknow railway staion par milunga. Mera telephone number likh lo taki jarurat hone par baat kar sako. (Telephone number batata hai)
Smith: Thank you. See you soon. Smith: Dhanyabaad. Jald hi milte hai.
(At the railway station – Enquiry counter) (Railway station – Poonchhtachh khidki par)
Smith: Where can I buy a ticket for Lucknow Shatabdi? Smith: Mai Lucknow Shatabdi ka ticket kahan par kharid sakta hoo?
Enquiry : You can get it at window No 12. It is third window on the left from here. Enquiry: Aapko khirdi no 12 par milga. Yahan se baayi taraf teesari khirki.
Smith goes to the window and joins the queue there. Smith khidki par jata hai aur katar me khada ho jata hai.
Booking Person: Yes please? Booking Person: Jee haan?
Smith: I want to purchase a ticket for Lucknow. How much shall I pay? Smith: Mai Lucknow ke liye ek ticket kharidana chahata hoo. Kitna  dena padega.
Booking Person: Rs. 987/- Booking Person:987/- rupaya.
Smith: Here it is. Smith: Ye lijiye.
Booking Person: (Hands over the ticket) The train will leave at 6.10 am from platform No. 12. Wish you a happy journey. Booking Person: (ticket dete hue). Railgadi platform No 12 se 6.10 par chhutegi. Kamana karte hai ki aapki yatra khus haal ho.
Smith: Thank you. Smith: Dhanyabad.

Word Bag.

transport – yatayat, preparations – taiyari, journey – yatra, about – lagbhag or takariban, suitable – upyukta, train – railgadi, hour – ghanta, alternative – vikalp, airline – vayuyan, available – maujud, flight time – udan samay, comfortable – aaramdeh, sight seeing – drisy avalokan, use – istemal, counter – khidki, documents – kagajat, buy or purchase – kharidana, left side – baayi taraf, third – teesara, queue – katar, INR(Rs) – rupaya, wish – kamana, happy – khus  haal

Try It Out.

1. Your friend from India is visiting your city. Work out similar dialogues  in Hindi.

2. Find Hindi words for these words. (Hint: Look up Hindi words page or some dictionary)

  • airport, seaport
  • tour, tourist, itinerary
  • road, rail, sea, air
  • city, town, village
  • passport, identity card, driving licence

3. Learn more Hindi words about modes of transport.

LESSON 10 : At The Doctor.

Rohan : Good morning, doctor.
Rohan : Namaste, doctor.
Doctor: Good morning. Please take a seat. Doctor: Namste, Kripaya baith jaiye.
Rohan : Thank you, doctor. Rohan : Dhanyabad, doctor.
Doctor: Yes, may I know what your problem is? Doctor: Haan, kya mai jaan sakta hoon ki apko kya takalif hai?
Rohan : I had a severe pain in my abdomen last night. Rohan : Kal raat, mere pet me bahut tej dard tha.
Doctor: Where exactly was the pain? Doctor: Dard kis khas jagah par ho raha tha?
Rohan : Points to a particular area. Rohan : Ek khas jagah par isara karta hai.
Doctor: Could you lie down on the examination table, please? Doctor: Kya aap jaanch-mej par late jayenge?
Rohan : lies down. Rohan : late jata hai.
Doctor: Did you take any pain killer? Doctor: Kya aapne dard door karne ki koi dawa li?
Rohan : Yes, I took a Brufen. Rohan : Haan, maine ek Brufen liya tha.
Doctor: Did the pain still persist or did it subside? Doctor: Kya dard fir bhi bana raha ya kam ho gaya?
Rohan : I got some relief after I took the tablet. But it shot up at midnight again. Rohan : Tikiya lene ke baad mujhe kuchh aaram mila. Kintu madhyaraat me dubaara tej ho gaya.
Doctor: (pointing to a chair) Come here, please. Well Mr. Rohan, the pain seems to be due to the acidity. However, since you mentioned that it was quite severe, I would like you to get an ultrasound done before putting you on any medication. Doctor: (kursi ki taraf isara karte huye) Yahan aaiye. Mr. Rohan, aapka dard acidity ki vajah se lagta hai. Parntu aapne bataya ki yeh bahut tej tha, isliye mai dawai dene se pahle ek suchhm-dhwani jaanch karwana chahata hoon.
Rohan : Where and when can I get it done? Rohan : Yeh mai kab aur kahan karwa sakta hoo?
Doctor: I am referring you to Dr. Gautam for the same. You can get it done anytime tomorrow morning. Get back to me in the evening with the report. Doctor: Mai aapko Dr. Gautam ke pass bhej raha hoo. Yeh aap kal subah kabhi bhi karwa sakte hai. Janch ki report ke sath kal sham aap hamse fir milen.
Rohan : Thank you doctor. How much should I pay? Rohan : Dhanyabad doctor. Mai kitna bhugtan karoo?
Doctor: Rs. 100/- Doctor: Ek sau rupaya.
Rohan : (hands over a 100 rupees note) Rohan : (Ek sau rupaye ka note deta hai)
Doctor: Thank you. Doctor: Dhanyabaad.
(After seeing the report) (Report dekhane ke baad)
Doctor: The report matches my diagnosis. The pain was due to acidity. I would advise you to avoid fried food and spices. Besides, drink plenty of fluids. I have prescribed a syrup which you have to take after meals. Follow these and you will not have such problem. Doctor: Report mere jaanch ke mutabik hi hai. Dard jyada acidity ki vajah se hua. Mai aapko salah doonga ki tali aur masaledar cheesen nahi khana hai. Uske bajay, jyada taral peena hai. Mai ek syrup bata raha hoo jo aap khane ke baad peena. In baato ka dhyan rakhe aur aapko is tarah ki koi takalif nahi hogi.
Rohan : Thank you, doctor. I feel much relieved now. Rohan : Dhanyabad, doctor. Ab mai bahut chain ka ahsas kar raha hoo.

Word Bag.

problem – takalif, severe – tej, pain – dard, abdomen – pet, persist – bana rahana, tablet – tikiya, ultrasound – suchhm dhwani, medication – dawai, diagnosis – doctor ki janch, fried – tali hui, spices – masale, fluid – taral, to feel – ahsas karna, relieved- chain, rahat

Try It Out.

1. You visited a dentist for regular check up. Complete the dialogue between him and yourself  in Hindi

  • You : Good morning, doctor.
  • Dentist : Good morning. How are you?
  • You : I am little worried about my bad breath.
  • Dentist : Let me examine….

2. Find Hindi words for these words. (Hint: Look up Hindi words page or some dictionary)

  • clinic, laboratory, hospital
  • chest, lungs, ear, throat
  • congestion, infection, fever
  • medicine, injections, bandages
  • report, prescription, referral

3. Learn more Hindi words about body parts and common ailments.

LESSON 11 : What’s The Matter?


What’s the matter?

Kya baat hai?
In the school gym, Vinay notices that something is wrong with his friend Jay. School ki vyayamshala me Vinay apne dost Jay ko kharab halat me pata hai.
Vinay: What’s the matter with you, Jay? Vinay: Jay, tumhari is kharab halat ki kya vajah hai?
Jay: I’m very disturbed. Jay: Mai bahut pareshan hoon.
Vinay: What has disturbed you? Vinay: Tum kis karan pareshan ho?
Jay: It’s that big boy Nal again. Jay: Fir vahi bada ladaka, Nal.
Vinay: What did he do? Vinay: Kya kiya usne?
Jay: He pushed me, while I was coming down from my class. Jay: jab mai kaksha se neeche aa raha tha tab usne mujhe dhakka de diya.
Vinay: There must be some reason for it. Vinay: Iski koi vajah to hogi.
Jay: No, there is no reason. He is huge in size and bullies other boys in the class. Jay: Nahi, koi vajah nahi hai. Vo sharir se bada hai tatha kaksha me sabko pareshan karta hai.
Vinay: That’s very strange! Vinay: Ye to bahut ajib hai.
Jay: Vinay, you have to help me. I want to teach that bully a lesson. Both of us can set him right. Jay: Vinay, tumhe mery madad karni hogi. Mai usko sabak seekhana chahata hoon. Hum dono milkar usko theek kar sakte hai.
Vinay: I’m sorry, friend. We don’t come to school to teach lessons to rowdy boys. Vinay: Mujhe khed hai, dost. Ham school me badmash bachcho ko sabak seekhaane nahi aate.
Jay: Look friend, in today’s world, only might is right. Jay: Dekh dost, aaj ki duniya me taqatwar hi sahi hai.
Vinay: I don’t agree with you. You can’t change that boy by your muscle power. Vinay: Mai tumse sahamat nahi hoon. Tum balpurvak usko nahi badal sakte.
Jay: I don’t understand. What’s wrong in fixing that boy? Jay: Mai nahi samajha. Usko theek karne me kya galat hai?
Vinay: Look Jay, today we two will try to harm him. Tomorrow he will harm you with the help of his friends. There is no end to this kind of rivalry. Vinay: Dekho Jay, aaj hum dono usko nuksan pahuchate hai. kal vo apne dost ke sath tumhe nuksan pahuchayega. Is tarah ki dusmani ka koi ant nahi.
Jay: Then what should we do? Jay: Fir ham kya karen?
Vinay: I suggest you report the matter to the teacher. He will decide how that boy should be reformed. Vinay: Mera sujhav hai ki tum adhyapak ko is bare me bata do. Vo tay kar lenge ki us ladake ko kaise sudhara jaye.
Jay: Yes, I agree with you. Let’s go to the teacher. Jay: Haan, mai manata hoon. Chalo adhyapak ke pass chalte hain.

Word Bag.

Gymnasium – vyayamshala, disturbed – pareshan, class – kaksha, to push – dhakka dena, reason – vajah, strange – ajib, rowdy – badmash, teach lessons – sabak seekhaana, change – badal, by muscle power – balpurvak, wrong – galat, might – taqat, harm – nuksan, rivalry – dushmani, teacher – adhyapak (f. adhyapika), reform – sudhar

Try It Out.

1. Complete the following dialogues between the teacher and Jay in Hindi

  • Jay: Good morning, sir.
  • Teacher : Good morning, Jay.
  • Jay: I have a complaint against Nal.
  • Teacher : Yes, tell me what happened.
  • Jay : —————–

2. Find Hindi words for these words. (Hint: Look up Hindi words page or some dictionary)

  • playground, swimming pool
  • to pull, to beat, to fight
  • right, wrong
  • strong, healthy, intelligent
  • inform, report, complain

3. Learn more Hindi words about school environment.

LESSON 12 : Where Did You Go?


Where Did You Go?

Aap kahan Gaye the?
Jay is back home from a trekking trip in Himalayan hills. He is tired but excited to tell his friend about it. Jay Himalya ki pahadiyo me ek bhraman yatra se vapas aaya hai. Vo thaka hua hai phir bhi apne mitra ko is yatra ke bare me batane ke liye bechain hai.
Vinay: Hello Jay! How are you? I missed you a lot. Vinay: Jay! Tum kaise ho? Mai tumhe bahut yaad kar raha tha.
Jay: Me too. Vinay. Jay: Mai bhi. Vinay.
Vinay: Where did you go? Vinay: Tum kahan gaye the?
Jay: I went for a trekking trip in Himalayan hills. Jay: Mai Himalay ki pahadiyo me ek bhraman yatra par gayaa tha.
Vinay: Oh! really! Did you enjoy trekking there? Vinay: Kya! Such! Kya tumne vahan bhraman ka anand liya?
Jay: Yes, we had great time amidst the green hills of Himalayas. Jay: Haan, humne Himalaya ki hurry pahadiyo me behad achchha samay bitaya.
Vinay: Did you get a chance to talk to local people there? Vinay: Kya tumhe vahan ke sthaniya nivasiyo se baat karne ka mauka mila?
Jay: Yes, we did. They were very polite and cheerful. Jay: Haan, humne kiya. Vo log bahut vinamra aur khusmijaj the.
Vinay: And how was the food there? Vinay: Aur vahan khana kaisa tha?
Jay: Oh! They always served tasty and delicious meals of different varieties. Here’s something I brought from there for you to eat. Jay: Ahha! Unhone hamesha vibhinn prakar ke swadist byanjan pesh kiye. Ye kuch tumahare khane ke liye mai vahan se laya hoon.
Vinay: What is it? It smells very good and tastes nice. Vinay: Ye kya hai? Iska sugandh aur swad bahut achchha hai.
Jay: It is a local sweet made of milk and fruits. We all liked it. Jay: Yeh vahan ki ek mithai hai jo doodh aut phal se banati hai. Hum sabko yeh pasand aayi.
Vinay: I too like it very much. Thank you for bringing it for me. Vinay: Mujhe bhi yeh bahut pasand hai. Mere liye laane ka dhanyabad.

Word Bag.

trekking trip – bhraman yatra, hill – pahadi, tired – thaka hua, excited – bechain, to enjoy – anand lena, green – hurry(hurra),  local people -sthaniya nivasi, chance – mauka (or) avasar, polite – vinamra, cheerful – khusmijaj, food – khana, tasty and delicious meals – swadist byanjan, different – vibhinn, variety – prakar, smell – sugandh, milk – doodh, fruit – phal, to like – pasand karna

Try It Out.

1. Say in Hindi

  • I went to see the Taj in Agra(India)
  • It is made of white marble stones.
  • It is situated on the banks of a river.
  • It is a beautiful building.
  • I liked it very much.

2. Find Hindi words for these words. (Hint: Look up Hindi words page or some dictionary)

  • beach, island
  • exuberant, restless
  • blue, orange, pink colors
  • foreigner, outsiders
  • tea, coffee, water

3. Learn more Hindi words about nature.

4. Make sentences from the following words.
avasar, sugandh, vinamra, mithai, khana

Topic 1. No More Increase In Areas Under ‘Salva Judoom’

फिलहाल आगे नही बढेगासलवा जुडूमसरकारी सुत्रो के मुताबिक छत्तीशगढ मे नक्सलवादियो के खिलाफ छेडे गये ‘सलवा जुडूम’ अभियान को पुराने इलाके मे ज्यादा मजबूत किया जायेगा लेकिन नये इलाको मे सलवा जुडूम की शुरुआत नही होगी।

दरअसल छत्तीशगढ राज्य मे नक्सलवाद के खिलाफ आदिवासियो को साथ लेकर शुरु किये गये इस आन्दोलन के बाद राज्य मे रक्तपात बढ गया है।

तमाम वामपन्थी संगठन और राजनैतिक दल भी सलवा जुडूम बंद करने के लिये राज्य सर्कार पर दबाव डाल रही है।

Notes.
Naxal groups are associated with class struggle in tribal and backward areas of some of Indian states. Government is trying to control it with the help of local population.

Glossary. 
filhaal – right now
abhiyaan – plan
andolan – movement
raktpaat – bloodshed
tamaam – several
vaampanthi – leftists (communists)
sangathan – groups
raajnaitik – political

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi.
a. What is the name of the government plan to control naxalism?
b. What is the outcome of the plan?
c. Who all are opposing this plan?

2. Translate the above Hindi passage into English language.

Topic 2. Left Parties Ready To Grill Government On Nuclear Agreement

परमाणु समझौते पर सरकार को नही बख्शेगे वामदल् परमाणु समझौते को लेकर सरकार पर शिकंजा कसने मे वामदलो को भाजपा के सहयोग से कोइ गुरेज नही है। माकपा ने सरकार के समक्ष शर्ते रख दी है जिसके लिये संसद मे सरकार को मुख्य विपक्षी दल भाजपा को विश्वास मे लेना होगा।

माकपा ने परमाणु समझौते को लेकर नौ आपत्तिया गिनायी है, जिसे केन्द्र सरकार को सौप दिया गया है।

परमाणु समझौते के कई प्रावधानो को अमेरिकी सरकार ने बदल दिये है, जो इन पार्टियो को बेहद आपत्ति जनक लग रहे है।

Notes.
Nuclear agreement between India and USA has become a cause for intense debate in Indian parliament.

Glossary. 
parmaanu – nuclear
samajhauta – agreement
vaamdal – left parties (communist political parties )
bhaajapaa – Bharateey Janataa Party
maakapaa – Marxist Communist Party
mukhya vipakshi dal – main opposition party
viswaas – confidence

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi
a. Which political party is opposing the current nuclear agreement between India and America?
b. What is main reason for opposing it?

2. Translate the above Hindi passage in English.

Topic 3. Office Of Profit Bill Presented To President For Approval Again

लाभ का पद विधेयक जस का तस राष्ट्रपति को वापसलाभ का पद संबन्धी विवादास्पद विधेयक एक बार फिर जस का तस राष्ट्रपति के पास पहुच गया है। विपक्ष ने इसका भारी विरोध किया है।

राज्यसभा के बाद लोकसभा ने भी लंबी बहस के बाद विपक्ष के तमाम कानूनी और नैतिक सवालो को दरकिनार करते हुए विधेयक को मंजूरी दे दी है। बहस के दौरान कई बार सत्तापक्ष और विपक्ष् मे नोक-झोक हुई।

Notes.
Office of Profit bill deals with the exemption granted to certain office posts that can be held by a Member of Parliament in India. In general, members of Indian Parliament are forbidden to occupy any official post.

Glossary. 
vidheyak – constitutional bill or order
jas ka tas – without any change
raastrapati – President of India
vivadaspad – controversial
sattapaksh – ruling political parties
vipaksh – political parties in opposition
darkinar – set aside, cast away
nok jhok – altercation

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi
a. Who opposed the bill?
b. Which two sabha are mentioned above?
c. Which two paksh are mentioned above?

2. Translate the above passage from Hindi to English.

 Topic 1. Lebanon-Israel Conflict

इजरायल और हिजबुल्ला दोनो पर बरसा भारत बीच-बचाव करने के लिये सुरक्षा परिषद की भी आलोचना पश्चिम एशिआ पर अपनी पुरानी नीति पर कायम भारत ने हिज्बुल्ला के हाथो इसरायली सैनिको के अपहरण तथा बदला लेने के लिये की गयी इसरायल की सैन्य कारवाई की निन्दा करते हुये सभी पक्षो से वैमनस्य तुरन्त खत्म करने के प्रयास करने की अपील की है।

संयुक्त राष्ट्र मे भारतीय राजदूत ने कहा कि अंतरराष्ट्रीय समुदाय को चाहिए कि वह दोनो पक्षो को बातचीत के रास्ते पर लौटने का अनुरोध करे।

Notes.
Kidnapping of Israeli soldiers by Hezbollah group and retaliatory action by Israel is once again escalating the tension in West Asian region.

Glossary. 
suraksha parishad – security council (UNO)
apaharan – kidnapping
sainik-soldier
sainya kaarawaai – military action
sanyukta rastra sangh – United Nations Organisation

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi:
Who has been kidnapped and by whom?
What can UNO possibly do?

2. Translate the above passage from Hindi to English.

Topic 2. Israel Rejects Truce Offer

इजरायल ने युध्द विराम की अपील ठुकराईइजरायल ने मानवीय सहायता के लिये 72 घंटे के युध्द विराम से संबन्धित संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ के आह्वान को ठुकरा दिया । दक्षिणी लेबनान के सीमावर्ती इलाको मे इजरायली बलो और हिज्बुल्लाह चापामारो के बीच लडाई जारी है।

संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ महासचिव ने उन देशो की एक बैठक बुलाइ है जो लेबनान – इजरायली सीमा पर तैनात किये जाने वाली अंतरराष्ट्रीय सेना मे अपने जवान भेज सकते है।

Notes.
Kidnapping of Israeli soldiers by Hezbollah group and retaliatory action by Israel has developed into a major crisis.

Glossary. 
yuddh – war
viram – pause
maanveey – humanitarian
seemavarti ilaaka – area near borders
sanyukta rastra sangh – United Nations Organization

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi:
a. What was the appeal made by UNO?
b. Why was this appeal made?

2. Translate the above passage from Hindi to English.

Topic 3. Pakistan Could Build 40-50 Nuclear Bombs Every Year

पाक की हर साल 40 से 50 परमाणु हथियार बनाने की तैयारी : विशेषज्ञदक्षिण एसियाई क्षेत्र मे हथियारो की होड नये सिरे से तेज होने की आशंका जताते हुये द वाशिंगटन पोस्ट नामक अखबार ने कहा है कि पाकिस्तान एक ऐसे परमाणु रिएक्टर का निर्माण कर रहा है जिसमे हर साल करीब 40 से 50 परमाणु हथियारो के लिये पर्याप्त प्लुटोनियम का उत्पादन किया जा सकेगा।

पाकिस्तान ने कहा है कि परमाणु इकाइयो की सूची का आदान-प्रदान करने के एक द्विपक्षीय समझौते के तहत इस संयन्त्र की सूचना भारत को दी जा चुकी है।

Notes.
Pakistan’s nuclear weapon stock-piling has always been a cause for worry for maintaining peace in South Asia region.

Glossary. 
har saal – every year
paramaanu – nuclear
hathiyaar – weapon
visheshagya – specialist
aasankaa – doubt, concern
akhabaar – newspaper
utpaadan – production
aadaan pradaan – exchange, give & take
sanyantra – production facility
soochanaa – information

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi:
According to news report, how is Pakistan increasing it’s weapon  making capabilities?
What explanation has Pakistan given?

2. Translate the above passage from Hindi to English.

Topic 4. Castro Hands Over Reins To Brother

कास्त्रो ने भाई को अस्थायी तौर पर सौपी सत्ताक्युबा के राष्ट्रपति फिडेल कास्त्रो ने सत्ता अस्थायी तौर पर अपने भाई राउल को हस्तान्तरित कर दी है। गौरतलब है कि 47 साल बाद यह पहला मौका है जब क्युबा की बागडोर कास्त्रो के अलावा किसी और के हाथो मे होगी।

कास्त्रो 13 अगस्त 2006 को 80 वर्ष के हो रहे है। कास्त्रो का पत्र पढते हुये उनके सचिव ने बताया कि उनकी सर्जरी हुई है जिसके मद्देनजर कास्त्रो ने अस्थायी तौर पर सत्ता कुछ हफ्ते के लिये अपने भाई तथा रक्षामन्त्री राउल को सौप दी है।

राउल कास्त्रो का घोषित उत्तराधिकारी भी है।

Notes.
Cuban President Fidel Castro is the world’s third largest serving head of state.  Castro has ruled in Cuba since his guerrillas overthrew a dictator in 1959.

Glossary. 
raastrapati – president
satta – governance
asthaayi – temporary
hastantarit karanaa – to transfer
gaurtalab – noteworthy
baagdor – reins
sachiv – secretary
maddenajar – in view of
rakshamantri – defence minister
uttaradhikari – successor

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi:
a. How long has Castro been ruling in Cuba?
b. What has prompted him to handover reins to his brother?
c. Whom has he declared as his successor?

 

Topic 1. Plant New Trees But Save The Old Ones Too

पौधे रोपने के साथ पुराने पेडों को भी बचायेंपृथ्वी को स्वच्छ रखकर ही मनुष्य अपना जीवन बचा सकता है। इस काम को अधिक पौधे लगाकर ही मुर्त रूप दिया जा सकता है। लेकिन इस बात का भी ध्यान रखना जरुरी है कि सिर्फ नये पेड लगाकर ही यह काम संभव नही। पुराने पेडो की रक्षा करना भी हमारी जिम्मेदारी है।

‘कानूनी जानकारी के माध्यम से युवाओं को पर्यावरण के लिये जागरूक करना’ विषय पर आयोजित संगोष्ठी मे एक वक्ता ने कहा कि प्रदूषण से जूझ रहा पर्यावरण आने वाली पीढी के लिये बेहद खतरनाक हो सकता है। इस लिये पेड लगाये। पर्यावरण क्र लिये कानूनी जानकारी होना अति आवश्यक है क्योकि इस जानकारी से हम दूसरो को पर्यावरण सुरक्षा के बारे मे ज्यादा बता सकते है।

Notes.
The role of trees in environmental protection is a well known fact. We all must make efforts to save trees.

Glossary. 
paudhe – plants
ped – trees
bachaye – save
prithvi – earth
swatchh – clean
manushya – human
paryaavaran – environment
pradusan – pollution
khatarnaak – dangerous
aane vaali peedhi – coming generation

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi.
a. What is our responsibility?
b. What is dangerous for coming generations?

Topic 1. Religion Based Reservation Proposal Opposed

धर्म के आधार पर आरक्षण का विरोधकेन्द्र सरकार ने कहा कि धर्म के आधार पर आरक्षण संविधान के अनुच्छेद 14 का उल्लघन होगा जिसके तहत सभी धर्म्, जाति, नस्ल, और लिङ की समानता को सुनिश्चित करने का प्रावधान है।

सरकार के अनुसार शैक्षणिक संस्थाओ मे आरक्षण सामाजिक और आर्थिक रूप से पिछडे वर्गो के लिये आवश्यक हो गया है।

Notes.
For improving the economic and social conditions of downtrodden classes in India, a certain percentage is reserved for them in Government institutions. This has always been a point of debate in political circles.

Glossary. 
dharm – religion
aarakshan – reservation
virodh – opposition
samanata – equality
sunischit – to ensure
shaikshnik – educational
sanstha – institution
aavasyak – essential

Assignments:

1. Answer the following questions in Hindi
a. What reason is quoted by central government while opposing reservation on religious grounds?
b. What is essential according to government?

2. Translate the above Hindi passage in English language.

Topic 2. N P I Project For Agriculture On The Anvil

कृषि के लिये एन आई पी परियोजना शुरूपिछले आठ साल से लगभग ठहर सी गयी कृषि विकास की दर को फिर से तेज करने और नये जमाने की तकनीको के जरिये कृषि का कायापलट करने के लिये राष्ट्रीय कृषि नवीनीकरण परियोजना (एन आई पी) की शुरुआत की गयी है। लगभग 1170 करोड रुपये की इस परियोजना मे 80 फीसदी निवेश विश्व बैक की तरफ से किया जायेगा ।

इस परियोजना के तहत उत्पादन और उपभोग्ता क्षेत्र मे अनुसंधान के साथ – साथ मौलिक और रणनीतिक अनुसंधान व ब्यापारिक विकास मे संस्थागत कुशलता को बढावा दिया जाना है।

Notes.
Agriculture plays an important role in economy. Therefore, plans to improve agriculture assume great importance.

Glossary. 
krishi – agriculture
pariyojana – project
aath – eight
saal – year
nivesh – investment
utpadan – production
upbhogta – consumer
anusandhan – discovery

Assignments:

1. Answer following questions in Hindi
a. What is the name of the project initiated?
b. Who is investing in it and how much?
c. What is the objective of the project?

2. Revise Hindi numbering system (available on this site itself).

3. Translate the above Hindi passage into English.

Topic 3. America Not Ready To Leave Control Of Internet

इंटरनेट पर कब्जा छोडने को तैयार नही अमेरिकाअमेरिकी वाणिज्य विभाग के तहत एक संस्थान इंटरनेट कारपोरेशन फार एसाइंड नेम्स एंड नंबर्स (आइकेन्) के जिम्मे वेबसाइटो का डोमैन नाम तय करने का काम है। शुरु मे कहा गया था कि सन 2000 तक आइकेन को पूरी तरह निजी संस्था बना कर सारे नियंत्रण दे दिये जायेगे। लेकिन तब से अमेरिकी सरकार पाच बार इस समयसीमा को बढा चुकी है। ताजा समयसीमा 30 सितम्बर 2006 को समाप्त हो रही है।

दुनियाभर मे ज्यादातर देश व संस्थाये लगातार आवाज उठा रहे है कि डोमैन नाम की ब्यवस्था को किसी अंतरराष्ट्रीय नियंत्रण मे लाया जाये। युरोपीय संघ समेत कई देशो का आरोप है कि अमेरिका राजनैतिक कारणो से यह अधिकार नही छोडना चाहता । इसलिये कई देशो की राय है कि दुनिया भर मे इंटरनेट के परिचालन को नियन्त्रित करने के लिये संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ जैसी कोई विश्व संस्था होनी चाहिये।

Notes.
There is a growing discontent among other nations over the continued dominance of America on internet matters.

Glossary. 
kabja – possession
chhodana – to leave
taiyar – ready
samay seema – time limit
niyantran – control
byavastha – management

Assignments:

1. Answer the following questions in Hindi
a. Who is responsible for domain names?
b. What is being demanded by different countries?

2. Translate the above Hindi passage into English.

Topic 1. Spread of Chikungunia Virus Continues

पैर पसारता चिकुनगुनियाअब तक करीब पौने दस लाख लोग चिकुनगुनिया की चपेट मे आ चुके है। देंगु की तरह चिकुनगुनिया मादा एन्डीज एजिप्ट मच्छर के काटने से होता है। इसके लक्षण देंगु जैसे होते है। इसकी चपेट मे आते ही जोडो मे दर्द, कंपकपी के साथ बुखार और सरदर्द होता है। उपचार नही होने पर मौत भी हो सकती है।

वायरस की चपेट मे आने पर रोगी के शरीर को गीले कपडे से पोछना चाहिये । घर के निकट गंदगी और जल जमाव नही होने दे, सफाई रखे।

Notes.
Tropical regions have their own peculiar diseases. This is further compounded by lack of awareness by a large segment of population.

Glossary. 
pair pasarana – to spread
paune – one quarter less
das lakh – ten lakh (million)
lakshan – symptoms
upchar – medical treatment
maut – death
geele kapade – wet cloth

Assignments:

1. Answer the following questions in Hindi
a. How many people are affected?
b. What causes the spread of this virus?
c. What precautions should be taken?

2. Translate the above Hindi passage into English.

3. Revise Hindi number system.

Topic 2. Abortion In Mississippi Abolished

मिसीसिपी मे गर्भपात का विरोध्अमेरिका मे अब तमाम लोग गर्भपात का विरोध कर रहे है। इन दिनो मिसीसिपी राज्य को गर्भपात मुक्त राज्य का दर्जा दिलाने के लिये मुहिम चल रही है ।

सैकडो लोगो ने मिसीसिपी की राजधानी जैकसन सिटी मे चल रहे एकमात्र गर्भपात क्लीनिक के सामने बेहद गर्मी के बावजूद गर्भपात बन्द करने का आह्वान किया। ज्ञात हो कि पूरे मिसीसिपी राज्य मे यही एकलौता गर्भपात क्लीनिक बचा है। इसके बन्द हो जाने से मिसीसिपी अमेरिका का प्रथम गर्भपात मुक्त राज्य हो जायेगा।

Notes.
Abortion is detrimental to the health of females besides its social effects. Some groups feel strongly against it.

Glossary. 
garbhpaat – abortion
virodh – to oppose
mukt – free
muhim – constant effort
ekmatr – only

Assignments:

1. Answer the following questions in Hindi
a. Which American state is likely to become abortion free?
b. How many clinics are still left that carry out abortions in that state?

2. Translate the above Hindi passage into English.

Topic 3. Dairy Products Useful In Osteoporosis

आस्टियोपोरोसिस मे लाभप्रद डेयरी उत्पादआस्टियोपोरोसिस एक ऐसा मर्ज है जिसमे हड्डिया इतनी कमजोर हो जाती है कि जरा सा आघात लगने पर टूट जाती है। इस मर्ज के होने के कई कारण है। यह अनुवांशिक, खान्-पान्, हार्मोन, बढती उम्र व गलत जीवन शैली के चलते भी संभव है।

इसकी रोकथाम मे कैल्शियम और विटामिन युक्त आहार काफी हद तक कारगर है। इस मर्ज से ग्रस्त ब्यक्तियो के लिये डेयरी उत्पादो का सेवन काफी लाभप्रद माना जाता है।

Notes.
We all want to stay healthy and strong. If we can manage it through the food we eat, all the more better. So, let food be your medicine.

Glossary. 
labhprad – beneficial
utpad – product
aaghat – impact
anuvansik – genetic
jeevan shaili – life style
roktham – prevention
sevan – consumption
kaargar – effective

Assignments:

1. Answer the following questions in Hindi
a. What are the reasons for osteoporosis?
b. How can one prevent osteoporosis?

2. Translate the above Hindi passage into English.

Topic 4. A Camera To Prevent Blindness

अंधेपन से बचाव करेगा कैमराबी बी सी के एक रिपोर्ट मे बताया गया है कि ब्रिटेन के डाॅ मक्नाट्स ने एक ऐसे कैमरे का आविष्कार किया है जो रेटिना के पीछे स्थित आक्सीजन लेवल को माप सकता है। इससे मरीज अंधेपन संबन्धी रोग के बारे मे पहले से ही सचेत हो सकता है। इस तरह मरीज को अंधा होने से बचाया जा सकता है।

कैमरा ऐसा है कि इससे आंखो की आसानी से जांच की जा सकती है। खैर्, कैमरे पर अभी परिक्षण चल रहा है। इस कैमरे के आने के बाद सबसे अधिक राहत डायबितीज और ग्लुकोमा के मरीजो को मिलेगी, क्योकि अंधेपन का यह सबसे बडा कारण है।

Notes.
Detecting an ailment prior to its occurrence always helps in better treatment. This camera may prove to be one such help.

Glossary. 
andhapan – blindness
aavishkaar – invention
sachet hona – to be alert
parikshan – trial
rahat – help
karan – reason

Assignments:

1. Answer the following questions in Hindi
a. How is this camera helpful in detecting symptoms of blindness?
b. Which medical patients are more prone to blindness?

2. Translate the above Hindi passage into English.

Topic 1. Self-service organizations should help spread education

स्वयंसेवी संस्थाएं शिक्षा प्रसार मे योगदान दें।स्वयंसेवी संस्थाओं से शिक्षा प्रसार मे अपनी निर्धारित भूमिका निभाने का आग्रह करते हुये भारतीय प्रधानमन्त्री ने कहा कि उनको इस क्षेत्र मे निवेश से ज्यादा योगदान देना चाहिये । शिक्षा मे गैर सरकारी संगठ्नो द्वारा निभायी गयी भूमिका की सराहना करते हुये प्रधानमन्त्री ने कहा कि जवाबदेही, पारदर्शिता और वित्तीय प्रबन्धन संबन्धी शासन से जुडे मुद्दे भी उनके लिये जरूरी है।

Note.
Education in India is primarily provided by Government of India. Non-profit organizations and charitable trusts also help spread education in some regions.

Glossary. 
Svayum sevee sansthan – self service group, generally a non-profit organization
shiksha prasaar – spread of education
bhoomikaa – role
nivesh – investment
yogadaan – grant, help
gair sarkaari sansthaa – Non Govt Organization(NGO)
javaabdehi – accountability
paardarsitaa – transparency

Assignments:

1. Answer these questions in Hindi
How can non-profits help in educating people?
Why is accountability, transparency and financial management necessary for non-profit organizations?

2. Translate the above passage from Hindi to English.

Topic 2. Students in Singapore Learning Hindi language

सिंगापुर में छात्र सीख रहे है हिन्दी।सिंगापुर मे हिन्दी सीखने वाले छात्रो की तादाद लगातार बढती जा रही है। भाषा विभाग के अनुसार हिन्दी सीखाने वाले चार केन्द्रो और 32 अन्य स्कूलो मे प्राइमरी से लेकर जूनियर कालेज स्तर 2000 छात्रो के लिये हिन्दी की कक्षाये चलाई जा रही है।

दो भारतीय अंतरराष्ट्रीय स्कूलो के छात्र भी यहा हिन्दी सीख रहे है।

Note.
There are a large number of people of Indian origin residing in Singapore for whom Hindi language is a way to connect back to India.

Glossary. 
chhaatra – student
seekhana – to learn
taadaad – numbers, count
bhasha – language
vibhaag – department
star – level
kakshaa – class
antararaastriya – international

Assignments:

1. Answer these questions in Hindi
In what manner in number of Hindi students changing?
In how many places in Singapore is Hindi being taught?

2. Translate the above passage from Hindi to English.

Topic 3. Private Sector In Higher Education In India

उच्च शिक्षा मे निजी क्षेत्र को कर छूट और मुफ्त भूमिसरकार अब सरकारी संसाधनो के भरोसे ही उच्च शिक्षा की राह तय नही कर सकती, लिहाजा इस क्षेत्र मे निजी क्षेत्र की भागीदारी अपरिहार्य हो गयी है।

राष्ट्रीय शैक्षिक योजना व प्रशासन संस्थान (नीपा) ने इसे महसूस करते हुये ही उच्च शिक्षा मे निजी क्षेत्र को बढावा देने के लिये करो मे छूट और अनुदान मे भूमि देने की सिफारिश की है। साथ ही उसने शिक्षा के ब्यवशायीकरण को रोकने के लिये तत्काल जरूरी कानून बनाने की भी सिफारिश की है।

Note.
Goverment of India is encouraging private sector parties to participate in improving the higher education facilities within the country to cater to its growing number of talented young students.

Glossary. 
sarkaar – government
sansaadhan – resources
bhagidari – participation
apariharya – unavoidable, essential
anudaan – grant
sifarish – recommendation

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi to these questions about higher education.
(a) What concessions are being considered for private participants?
(b) What is recommended to check commercialization?
(c) In your view, how it is going to affect the students?

2. Translate the above passage from Hindi to English.

Topic 4. Bill Gates Agrees To Establish An I T University In Hyderabad, India

बिल गेट्स हैदराबाद मे आई टी वि वि खोलेगेंमाइक्रोसाफ्ट संस्थापक बिल गेट्स हैदेराबाद मे सूचना तकनीकी एवं विज्ञान विश्वविद्यालय की स्थापना करेगे। विश्वविद्यालय की स्थापना पर 7 से 10 अरब रूपये का खर्च आयेगा।

राज्य सरकार ने विश्वविद्यालय बनाने के लिये गचीबावाली क्षेत्र मे भूमि देने की पेशकस की है जहां माइक्रोसाफ्ट और इन्फोसिस जैसी कंपनियो के कार्यालय पहले से मौजूद है।

Note.
Microsoft corporation and its founder Mr Bill gates has been  associated with India for a long time now. The new initiative is likely to further improve it’s ties with Indian professionals.

Glossary. 
sansthapak – founder
soochana takaniki – information technology
vigyan – science
visvavidyalay – university
sthapana – establish
peskas – proposal

Assignments:

1. Answer the following questions in Hindi
a. Where and which university is planned to opened by Bill Gates?
b. How much is the estimated expenditure?

2. Translate the above Hindi passage into English.

Topic 1. Ramayana Through Mobile Phones

सूचना प्रौद्दोगिकी के एक विशेषज्ञ और ब्याख्याता की कोशिशों के चलते जल्द ही पौराणिक गाथा रामायण को अब मोबाइल पर डाउनलोड करना संभव हो जायेगा। एक ब्याख्याता ने मलयालम में लिखी आद्द्याताम रामायणम के तीन कांड अपने मोबाइल मे फीड कर लिया है। अब रामायण पढने के लिये किताब की जरुरत नही पडेगी।

Note.
Ramayana is one of the Hindu mythological stories. It is read by most Hindus during religious prayers.

Glossary. 
soochanaa prauddyogikii – Information technology
visheshgyaa – specialist
byaakhyaataa – speaker
pauraanik – mythological
gaathaa – long stories

Assignments:

1. Write answers in Hindi.
What has been done to get Ramayan on mobile phones?
Why book of Ramayan will not be needed?

2. Translate the above Hindi passage in English.

Topic 2. Athens Gets It’s First Mosque

एथेंस मे पहली मस्जिदकई वर्षो की देरी के बाद आखिरकार युनान सरकार ने राजधानी एथेस मे बनायी जाने वाली पहली आधुनिक मस्जिद के निर्माण स्थल का अनवरण कर दिया है। गौरतलब है कि एथेस मे मुसलमानो के लिये कोई मस्जिद नही है। यहां के शक्तिशाली कट्टरपन्थी चर्च के विरोध के वावजूद सरकार ने राजधानी एथेंस मे बढती मुस्लिम आबादी के लिये मस्जिद बनाने की वकालत की थी।

यहां ज्यादातर एशिआ से आये मुस्लिम रह रहे है। मस्जिद का निर्माण बोटानीकोज क्षेत्र मे होगा जो मेट्रो पडाव के नजदीक होगा। मस्जिद निर्माण के लिये सरकार धन मुहैया करायेगी।

Note.
The population of Muslims is gradually increasing in some countries mainly due to their migration from poorer nations.

Glossary. 
masjid – mosque
nirmaan sthal – construction site
anavaran – to disclose
gaurtalab – noteworthy
kattarpanthi – conservative

Assignments:

1. Write answers in Hindi.
Who is getting the mosque constructed?
What is the reason for getting the mosque constructed?

2. Translate the above Hindi passage in English.

Topic 3. Old Temples Demolished Cause Resentment

विदेशो मे मन्दिर गिराने का मामलामलेशिया और पाकिस्तान मे मन्दिरो के तोडे जाने पर भारत अन्य देशो के साथ मिलकर लगातार यह सुनिश्चित करने का प्रयास कर रहा है कि विदेश स्थित धार्मिक स्थानो को कोई नुकसान ना पहुचे।

पाकिस्तानी मीडिया के अनुसार लाहौर स्थित एक मन्दिर को गिराने की अनुमति दी गयी है।

Note.
Some old temples in Pakistan and Malaysia are facing demolition threats. Indian Government is against this move.

Glossary. 
videsh – foreign country
mandir – temple
giraana – to demolish
mamala – incidence
prayaas – attempt

Assignments:

1. Write answers in Hindi.
Where are temples under threat of demolition?
What is being done to protect them?

2. Translate the above Hindi passage in English.

 

Topic 1. Hydrocarbons Found On Saturn’s Satellite ‘Titan’

शनि के उपग्रह टाइटन मे हाइड्रोकार्बन की झीलेशनि ग्रह के चन्द्रमा टाइटन की सतह पर कई विशाल हाइड्रोकार्बन झीलों के होने के पुख्ता सबूत मिले है। टाइटन से 950 किलोमीटर के दायरे मे चक्कर लगाते अंतरिक्ष यान केसिनी ने उत्तरी ध्रुव के पास हाइड्रोकार्बन की विशाल झील होने के सबूत वाले चित्र वैज्ञानिको को सुलभ कराये।

अनुसंधान के बाद पाया गया कि 10 किलोमीटर से 100 किलोमीटर चौडी करीब एक दर्जन झीले टाइटन के उत्तरी ध्रुव के पास है। कुछ झीले तो धाराओं के माध्यम से एक दूसरे से जुडी हुइ है। कुछ सूख चुकीं है। लेकिन लगता है कि कभी वहां मिथेन और इथेन का मिश्रण मौजूद था।

Notes.
Our constant efforts to find out the hidden truths in nature keep giving us different insights in Nature’s mysteries.

Glossary. 
jheel – lake
pukhtaa – solid
saboot – proof
chakkar – to revolve
antariksh yaan – space craft
uttari dhruv – north pole
vishal – very big
vaigyanik – scientist
anusandhan – research

Assignments:

1. Answer these in Hindi
(a) What is the name of space craft?
(b) What type of lakes have been found?
(c) Where are the lakes situated?

2. Translate from Hindi to English.

Topic 2. China Bans Stem Cell Transplantation

चीन मे स्टेम सेल के अवैध संग्रहण और प्रत्यारोपण पर रोकअवैध अंग प्रत्यारोपण पर प्रतिबन्ध लगाने की दिशा मे कदम बढाते हुये चीन सरकार ने अनाधिकृत स्टेम सेल संग्रहण और प्रत्यारोपण पर रोक लगा दी है। चीन के स्वास्थ्य मंत्रालय द्वारा जारी नियमो मे कहा गया है कि स्टेम सेल का स्रोत वैधानिक होना चाहिये और यह पंजीकृत् होना चाहिये। मंत्रालय ने कहा कि इन नियमो का उद्देश्य स्टेम सेल प्रबन्धन और चिकित्सा सुरक्षा को मजबूत बनाना है।

उल्लेखनीय है कि स्टेम सेल शरीर का मास्टर सेल है जो रक्त और ऊतकों मे भ्रमण करती है। एनेमिया, ल्युकेमिया और अन्य रक्त संबन्धित बीमारियो के इलाज मे स्टेम सेल प्रतिस्थापन काफी प्रभावी साबित हुआ है।

Notes.
The advances in medical sciences have thrown some social challenges too.

Glossary. 
avaidh – illegal
ang – organ
pratyaropan – transplant
pratibandh – restriction
anadhikrit – unauthorized
sangrahan – storage
srot – source
vaidhaanik – legal
panjikrit – registered
prabandhan – management

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi
(a) What restrictions have been placed by Chinese authorities?
(b) What is noteworthy thing about stem cell?
(c) Which diseases are curable through stem cell transplant?

2. Translate from Hindi to English.

Topic 3. RFID In Currency Notes

नोट बतायेगा असलियतनकली नोटो ( जिनको जाली नोट भी कहते है) की समस्या से भारत ही नही, दुनिया के सभी देश ग्रस्त है। नकली नोट एक तरफ अपराधियो के लिये फटाफट अमीर बनने का साधन है तो वही इनकी खपत राष्ट्रीय अर्थब्यवस्था को तगडी चपत लगाती है।

जापानी कंपनी ‘हितैची’ ने एक ऐसी आर फ आइ डी चिप बनाई है जिस्र छपाई के समय नोट के अन्दर डाला जा सकता है। इस चिप मे 128 बित डेटा स्टोर किया जा सकता है। इसमे मुल्य, सीरियल नंबर जैसी जानकारी शामिल होगी।

इस चिप का पहला इस्तेमाल जापान मे आयोजित 2005 वर्ल्ड एक्सपोजीशन के टिकटो की कालाबाजारी को रोकने मे किया गया और सफलता की दर रही 100 प्रतिशत। अब इसे युरोपे और जापान के मुद्राओ मे आवश्यक सुरक्षा उपाय के रूप मे शामिल करने का विचार चल रहा है।

Notes.
Counterfeit currency notes are a problem for monetory authorities as also to general public. Use of RFID seems a viable proposition to overcome this problem.

Glossary. 
asaliyat – realty
samasya – problem
grast – affected
aparadhi – criminal
fatafat – at once
sadhan – medium
kalabazari – black marketing
mudra – currency
suraksha – safety

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi
(a) What is the effect of counterfeit currency notes on national economy?
(b) Which new way to safeguard against is being adapted?
(c) Where it was used and what is the success rate?

2. Translate the above passage from Hindi to English.

 

Topic 1. Golf Tiger

गोल्फ का टाइगरटाइगर वुड के लिये ब्रिटिश ओपेन का खिताब जीतना काफी भावुक क्षण रहा, क्योकि पिता अर्ल वुद के निधन के बाद यह उनका पहला बडा खिताब रहा।

विश्व की सबसे पुरानी और सम्मानजनक गोल्फ प्रतियोगिता ब्रिटिश ओपेन मे वुद ने दूसरे वर्ष लगातार खिताब जीतकर टोम वाटसन की बराबरी कर ली है। यह वुद का 11वां मेजर गोल्फ खिताब है और ब्रिटिश ओपेन मे वह तीसरी बार चैम्पियन बने है। वुद के लिये यह अपनी कुशलता के प्रशंसको के सामने एक और प्रमाण रहा।

Notes.
Any one with even slight interest in the game of golf would know about the unmatched skills of Tiger Woods.

Glossary. 
khitab – title
jeetana – to win
bhavuk – emotional
kshan – moment
nidhan – death
sammanjanak – respectable
barabari karana – to equal
praman – proof

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi
a. How many times had Wood continuously won British Open championship?
b. Whose record had been equaled?
c. How many major golf titles has Wood won?

2. Translate above passage from Hindi to English.

Topic 2. Football Bazaar

फुटबाल का बाजारअब तक कई खिलाडी एक क्लब से दूसरे क्लब मे जा भी चुके हैं, लेकिन बडे खिलाडियो पर अब भी कयासो का दौर जारी है।

विश्व कप दुनिया के रईस फुटबाल क्लबो के लिये पसंदीदा खिलाडी चुनने का एक जरिया बन गया है। इस बार भी विश्व कप खिलाडियो के इधर से उधर जाने का सबब बनेगा। अलजांड्रो डेल पियरो, फैबियो कैनावारी, गियान्लुका जम्ब्रोटा, कैमरानोसी और गियान्लुगी बफुन के दूसरे क्लबो मे जाने की चर्चा है। अन्य खिलाडी भी इस बाजार मे अपनी कीमत फिर से आंकेगें।

Notes.
Transfer of players from one football club to another for monetary gains is a common sight.

Glossary. 
bazar – market place
khiladi – player
kayaso ka daur – round of negotiations
rais – rich
pasandida – favorite
sabab – cause
charcha – speculation

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi
a. How is Football World Cup related with transfer of players from one club to another?
b. Which all players are rumored to be changing sides?

2. Translate above passage from Hindi to English.

Topic 3. Duck! Duck! Duck!….

निपटे सभी बारी-बारी, जीरो पर निपटी टीम सारीउत्तरी योर्कशायर की एक स्थानीय टीम के लिये इससे बुरा और क्या हो सकता था कि एक मैच के दौरान उसके सभी दस बल्लेबाज शून्य पर आउट हो गये। इस मैच का सबसे मजेदार तथ्य ये था कि सभी दस बल्लेबाज कैच आउट हुये। उनका कुल स्कोर केवल पांच रन था जो सभी अतिरिक्त रन थे।

क्रिकेट की बाइबल कही जाने वाली विस्डन ने कहा है कि ऐसा शायद पहले कभी देखने को नही मिला। वैसे रिकार्ड के अनुसार 1931 मे मिडलैण्डस मे शेफस्टोन एकादस की टीम 4 रन पर आउट हो गयी थी।

Notes.
Uncertain outcomes have been the biggest hallmark of the game of cricket.

Glossary. 
bari bari – one after another
nipatana – to finish
sari – complete
sthaniy – local
shuny – zero
majedar – interesting
tathya – fact
atirikt – extra

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi
a. How many runs were made by this team?
b. What is known as Bible of Cricket?
c. What is the lowest score record of cricket?

2. Translate above passage from Hindi to English.

Topic 4. Highest Cricket Test Partnership

जयवर्धने संगकारा ने लिखी नई गाथाश्रीलंका के क्रिकेट कप्तान महेला जयवर्धने ने दक्षिण अफ्रिका के खिलाफ खेले गये टेस्ट मैच मे 374 रन की अपनी मैराथन पारी के दौरान कुमार संगकारा के 267 रनो के साथ 624 का रिकार्ड बनाया। यह प्रथम श्रेणी के टेस्ट क्रिकेट मे भी अब तक की सबसे बडी साझेदारी है।

जयवर्धने का यह स्कोर चौथा सर्वाधिक ब्यक्तिगत स्कोर है।

Notes.
Cricket record keepers must be a happy lot. Somehow this game is popular only in few countries.

Glossary. 
gatha – legend
sajhedari – partnership
sarvadhik – highest
byaktigat – personal

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi
a. Which two players have made the new record of highest partnership?
b. Which country they represent in cricket?
c. Which was the opposite team?

2. Translate above passage from Hindi to English.

Topic 1. Hindi Film ‘Yoo Naa Hotaa To Kyaa Hotaa’ Depicts True Life

यूं होता तो क्या होता
सपनो की सीमा नही। पर सपनो के पीछे छिपी हकीकत को कोई नही जनता। घटनायें घटती है और सपने बिखरते हैं पर हम हर बार सिर्फ यही सोचते है, “काश यूं होता तो क्या होता या यह नही होता तो अच्छा होता”।
फिल्म “यूं न होता तो क्या होता” जीवन के इसी यथार्थ को बयान करती है।

Note.
The film is based on four short stories of a Gujarati writer. The characters in the stories dream of settling down in America and having a good life there.

Glossary.
yoo naa hotaa to kyaa hotaa – If it didn’t happen this way, what would have?
sapanaa – dream
seemaa – limits, boundary
hakeekat – truth
ghatanaye – events
bikharanaa – to break
sochanaa – to think

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi
a. What is the meaning of “There is no limit to dreaming”?
b. What is conveyed through this film?

2. Translate the passage above from Hindi to English.

Topic 2. Pamela Anderson Gets Married

पामेला एंडरसन ने शादी रचायीकरोडो दिलो की धृड्कन हालीवूड स्टार पामेला एंडरसन ने गायक किड राक के साथ शादी रचायी। एंडरसन ने पिछले सप्ताह अपनी वेबसाइट पर किड राक के साथ सगाई की जान्कारी दी थी।

एंडरसन ने लिखा था कि आखिरकार मै फिर से शादी कर रही हू। मै उससे प्यार करती हू और खुश हू।

Note.
Many remember Pamela Anderson for silicone breast transplant for hugely popular TV serial ‘Baywatch’.

Glossary.
shaadi – marriage
karod – 10 million
dilo ki dhadkan – heart beats
gayak – singer
pichhale saptaah – last (previous) week
sagaai – engagement
jaankaari – information
aakhirakaar – at last
pyaar karanaa – to love

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi
a. What is the most striking thing about Pamela Anderson?
b. What is occupation of Kid Rock?

2. Translate the passage above from Hindi to English.

Topic 3. Oscar Winning Actress In India To Learn Yoga

आस्कर विजेता अदाकारा को योग खीच लाया हिमाचल‘ब्वायज डोंट क्राइ’ और ‘मिलियन डालर बेबी’ फिल्मो मे बेहतरीन अदाकारी के लिये दो बार आस्कर विजेता मशहूर हालीवूड अभिनेत्री हिलेरी स्वैंक को योग और आध्यत्म की तलाश भारत खीच लायी।

हिलेरी पालमपुर्, हिमाचल स्थित एक मेडिटेशन आश्रम मे योग और ध्यान लगाना सीखने गयी। इस पहाडी राज्य की हसीन वादियो मे हिलेरी दो सप्ताह रूकी मगर यह यात्रा उनके कहने पर गुप्त रखा गया था।

Note.
India has always been well regarded in the fields of meditation and yoga. Several learning centers for meditation and yoga can be found here.

Glossary.
adakara, abhinetri – actress
Himanchal – An Indian state in Himalayan regions
vijeta – winner
talash – search
haseen – beautiful
vaadi – valley
saptah – week
gupt – secret

Assignments:

1. Answer in Hindi
a. For which movies, Oscar award was given to Swank?
b. What was the purpose for her stay in India?

2. Translate the passage above from Hindi to English.

 

Unit 1. Telephone conversation – making an appointment (Part-I)

Victor: Hello! Is it Indian Cultural Centre? Namaste kya yai Indian Cultural Centre hai?
Secretary   : Yes, Can I help you? Haan, kya main aapki madad kar sakta hoon?
Victor : Yes, I want to make an appointment. Haan, mein ek mulakat karna chahata hoon.
Secretary : Whom do you want to meet? Aap kis se milna  chahte hain?
Victor : I want to meet Mr Ahuja. Main Mr Ahuja se milna chahta hoon.
Secretary: Sorry, he is not in right now. Maaf kijie, woh abhi nahi hai.
Victor : When and where can I meet him ? Mein unse kab aur kahan mil sakta hoon.
Secretary : He will come around 5 in the evening. You  can contacthim here. Woh shaam 5 baje tak aaenge. Aap yahin par sampark karein.
Victor : Thank you very much, I will call him at 5 pm. Shukriya, mein shaam 5 baje baat karunga.

Word Bag.

Telephone  – Durbhash, conversation – vartalap, To speak – Baat karna, In an hour – Ek ghante ke ander, Again – Dubara, Soon -Jaldi, Understand – Samajhna, Here – Yahan, Back – Vaapas, Contact- Sampark, Meet-Milna, Evening-Shaam

Try It Out.

Read the text several times.

Fill in the blanks.

  • Victor : Kya yai ——— hai?
  • Secretary : —————–I .C . C hai.
  • Secretary : Woh abhi nahi hain . Woh ——————-.

Make sentences.

  • Baat ———————-
  • Dubara ———————-
  • Jaldi ————————
  • Vaapas ——————-

Act out the dialogue.

Make up sentences, using the word on the right.

  • kya yai ————-? (Sports Authority of India, Indian airlines,  India Trade Centre)
  • Mein ———–milna chahta hoon. (Doctor, Nurse, Teacher)
  • Unit 2. Telephone conversation (Part-II)
Victor : Hello, This is Victor Smith. Namaste, mein Victor Smith bol raha hoon.
Secretary : Hello Mr Smith. Namaste Mr Smith.
Victor :I would like to talk to Mr Ahuja, Director of Indian Cultural Centre. Is he in? Mein Indian Cultural Centre ke nirdeshak Mr Ahuja se baat karna chahta hoon . Kya woh hain?
Secretary :Yes, but he is busy. Can I take a message. Haan , lekin abhi woh vyast hain. Kya mein koi sandesh le sakti hoon.
Victor :Please tell him Victor Smith from Bank of London rang up. I will call him again. Unko kahna Bank of London say Victor Smith kaa phone tha. Meindubaara phone karoongaa.
Secretary : Okay,I will convey your message. Theek hai,  mein aapka sandesh de dungi.
Victor :Thank you very much, Good bye. Bahut bahut shukriya, Alvida.
  • Word Bag.
  • Thank you – Dhanyavaad or Shukriya, Director – Nirdeshak, Request – Prarthanaa or Gujarish, Message – Sandesh, Wait – Intezaar, Busy – Vyast, Good bye – Alvida, Several times – Bahut baar
  • Try It Out.
  • 1. Read the dialogue several times.
  • 2. Fill in the blanks.
  • (1) Kya mein Mr Ahuja se ——————
    (2) Abhi woh ———————-
    (3) Mein ———– phone karunga .
    (4) Mein aapka ——————-
  • 3. Complete the sentence.
  • (1) Kya mein Mr Ahuja se—————-
    (2) Unse kahana Victor ne—————–
    (3) ————— shukriya .
  • Make sentences with these words.
  • (1) Shukriya -
    (2) Gujarish -
    (3) Vyast -
    (4) Intezar -
  • Unit 3. Telephone conversation – Making an appointment (Part-III)
Victor : Is it I C C ? Kya yah I C C hai?
Secretary : Yes. Haan.
Victor : I want to make an appointment with Mr Sharma. Mein Mr Sharma se milna chahta hoon.
Secretary : Who is speaking? Kaun bol raha hai?
Victor : I am Victor from the US Ministry for Foreign Trade. Mein Victor, US Videshi Vyapar Mantralaya se.
Secretary : You can talk to him on phone. I am connecting you. Aap phone par baat kar sakte hain. Mein phone milati hoon.
Secretary : Mr Sharma,  Mr victor from US Ministry of Foreign Tradewants to speak to you. Mr Sharma, US videshi vyapar mantralaya se Mr Victor aapse baat karna chahte hain.
Mr Sharma : Please connect him on  phone. I will speak to him. Unhe phone par mila do. Mein baat karta hoon.
Victor : Good morning, Victor speaking. Namaskar! main Victor bol raha hoon.
Mr Sharma : Good morning, Victor. I heard you want to meet me regarding a contract. Namaskar, Victor. Maine suna tum kisi contract ke silsile mein mujhse milna chahte ho.
Victor : Yes, when and where can we meet? Haan , hum kab aur kahan mil sakte hain?
Mr Sharma : We can meet tomorrow at 6 o clock in Indus restaurant and discuss about the contract. Hum kal 6 baje Indus restaurant mein milkar contract par vichar kar sakte hain.
Victor : Thank you very much. See you tomorrow. Bahut bahut shukriya. Kal milte hain.
  • Word Bag.
  • Yes – haan, Who – Kaun, Foreign – Videsh, Meet – Milna, Soon -Jaldi, Ministery – Mantralaya, Trade – Vyapar, When – Kab, Where – Kahan, Discussion – Vichar, Tomorrow – Kal
  • Try It Out.
  • 1. Read the dialogue several times.
  • 2. Answer these questions.
  • (a) Victor kahan baat kar raha hain ?
    ———————————–
    (b) Victor kahan se baat kar raha hai ?
    ————————————–
    (c) Victor kis se milna chahta hai ?
    ——————————————
    (d) Victor kis silsile mein milna chahta hai?
    —————————————-
  • 3. Make sentences with these words.
  • a. Videsh -
    b. Jaldi -
    c. Kahan -
    d. Vichar -

 Unit 4. A few words about myself.

My name is Victor Smith. Mera naam Victor Smith hai.
I am a businessman. Mein ek vyapari hoon.
I was born in London. Mera janm London mein hua.
I have a family. Mera ek parivar hai.
My wife’s name is Ellena. Meri  patni ka naam Ellena hai.
We don’t have  children. Hamara koi bachcha nahi hain.
My parents live not far from London. Mere abhibhawak London se jyada door nahi rahte.
I with my wife started learning Hindi language in London. Meinay  aur meri patni nay London mein Hindi bhasha seekhana shuru kia tha.
I came to work in an English representative office of a bank in Bangalore. Banglore  mein ek bank ke English pratinidhitava daftar  mein kaam karne ka avsar mila
accepted this offer with pleasure. Mein yeh kaam khusi- khusi sweekar kar lia.
And here in Bangalore, I and my wife continued to learn Hindi language Banglore mein bhi humne Hindi  Bhasha seekhna jaari rakhaa.
We listen Hindi programs on radio, watch Hindi television programs,  and talk to our colleague in Hindi. Hum yahan aksar radio par Hindi program sunte,  TV par Hindi program dekhte aur saath kaam karne vale logo ke saath Hindi meinbaat karte.

Word Bag.

Myself- Mere baare mein
Name- Naam
Born – Janm
Family- Pariwar
Wife – Patni
Children- Bachche
Parents – Abhibhawak
Live – Rahna
Far from- Jyada door
Start – Shuru
Learn – Seekhna
Work- Kaam
Representative- Prathinidhitava
Pleasure – Khushi-khushi
Accept – Sweekar
Listen – Sunna
Watch – Dekhna
Talk- Baat
Colleague- Saath kaam karne wale
Recently- Abhi-Abhi
Again- Dubaraa
Decide – Nishchay
Newspaper- Akhbaar
Teacher- Adhyapak
Scientist- Vaigyanik
Occupation -Vyav saaya

Try It Out.

Answer these question.
1 Aapka kya naam hai ? ——————————–
2 Aapka kya vyavsaya hai ? ———————————
3 Aapka janam kahan hua ? ——————————
4 Aapke abhibhawak kahan rahte hain ?——————————
5 Aapki patni ka kya naam hai ?——————————
6 Kya aap hindi bhasha seekh rahe hain ?——————————

Fill in the blanks.
1 Mera Naam ———————.
2 Mein ek ————— hoon .
3 Mein Hindi ———- seekh rahan hoon .
4 Meine India mein kaam karna ————– sweekar kiya .
5 Hum aksar radio ————–
6 Hum apne saath kaam karne waalo ke saath ————hain.

Answer the question : Aap ghar aane ke baad kya karte ho?
1 Telephone par baat karte ho.
2 Radio sunte ho.
3 Hindi bhasha seekhte ho.
4 Newspaper (akhbar) padhte ho.
5 Dosto ke saath baat karte ho.

Unit 5. Welcome To Our Place

I with my wife live in Bangalore. Mein aur meri patni Bangalore mein rahte hain.
We came here three years back. Hum yahan teen saal pahle aaye the.
We have a big and beautiful house with six rooms; and it is near a metro station. Hamare paas ek bada aur khubsoorat ghar hai jisme 6 kamre hain; aur yah metro station ke paas bhi hai.
We are very happy. Hum bahoot khush hain.
We and our friends enjoy at our house. Hum aur hamare dost hamare ghar par mauj-masti karte hain.
We often visit our English and Indian friends. Hum aksar apne English aur Indian dosto se milne jaate hain.
We tell our friends about our habits and life, Hum apne dosto ko apni aadato aur apne jeevan ke bare mein batate hain,
and our friends tell us about their experiences. aur woh log apne anubhavo ke bare mein batate hain.
We love to watch English and Hindi movies. Hum English aur Hindi film dekhna pasand karte hai.
Bangalore is beautiful city to live in. Bangalore rahne ke liye ek khubsoorat shaher hai.

Word Bag.

Big-Bada, House-Ghar, Habit-Aadat, Window-Khidki, Good news-Achchi khabar, Which-Kaun sa, Floor-Manzil, Kitchen-Rasoi, Noise-shor, Neighbours-Padosi, Think-Sochna, Street-Gali, Country-Desh, Family-Pariwar, Year-Saal, Colleague-Sahyogi

Try It Out.

1. Read the Text again.

2. Answer these question.

  1. Aap kahan rahte hain?
  2. Aap kitne saal se India mein rahte hain?
  3. Aapka ghar kaisa hai?

3. Make sentences with these words.

  1. Dost
  2. Parents
  3. Sahyogi
  4. Padosi
  5. Desh
  6. Pariwar
  7. Apne kaam
  8. Films

4. Give the text in your own words.

  • Unit 6. Representative Office Of A British Bank In India.
(Talking about my office) (Apne daftar ke baare mein baat-cheet)
My office (Bank of London) is our representative office in India. Mera dafter India mein Bank of London kaa pratinithitva daftar hai .
I work as an assistant representative in office. Mein dafter mei sahayak pratinidhi ke pud par kaam karta hoon.
Our office is on the second floor in Hotel (Apsara). It has three rooms. Hamara daftar hotel Apsara ki doosri manzil par hai. Isme teen kamre hain.
Nina Albert is working with us as secretary. Nina Albert hamare saath secretary ke pud par kaam kar rahi hai.
Her work involves typing. taking phone calls and arranging appointments. Uska kaam type karanaa, phone par baat karanaa aur mulaqaat taya karanaa hai.
She often talks to Indian Bank of Foreign Trade, Indian State Bank, and State Committee of India for Foreign Economic Relations. Woh aksar Indian Bank of Foreign Trade, Indian State Bank, aur State committee of India for Foreign Economic Relations se baat karti hai.
When we are free, Nina Happily makes coffee for all of us. Jab hum sab -khali hote hai to Nina khushi khushi sabkay liye coffee banati hai.
She is very polite and considerate. Woh bahut hi vinamra aur soojh-boojh wali hai.
We all are enjoying working in India. Hum sabhi India mein khushi se kaam kar rahe hai.
  • Word Bag.
  • Polite-vinamra,  Office-Daftar, Guest-Atithi, After-Baad mein, Employee-Karamchari, Special-Vishesh, considerate-soojh-boojh, Arrangement-intejaam, Appointment-mulaqaat , Room-kamra, First-Pahli, Second-Doosri, Third-Teesri, Fourth-Chauthi, Fifth-Paanchavi
  • Hindi counting :
    1- One-Ek
    2- Two-Do
    3-Three-Teen
    4-Four-Chaar
    5-Five-Paanch
    6-Six-Chhah
    7-Seven-Saat
    8-Eight-Aath
    9-Nine-Nau
    10-Ten-Dus
  • Try It Out.
  • 1. Answer the questions on the text.
  • a. Bank of London ka dafter kahan hai?
    b. Victor Smith kis pad par kaam karte hain?
    c. Bank of London ki secretary ka kya naam hai?
    d. Nina aksar kis-kis se baat karti hai?
  • 2. Fill in the blanks.
  • a. Victor Smith assistant representative ke—————-karta hai.
    b. Dafter hotel ki ————————- par hai.
    c. Nina Albert daftar mein———————————kaam karti hai.
    d. Daftar mein ——————– kamre hain
  • 3. Make appropriate substitutions.
  • a. Mein New Delhi mein kaam karta hoon. ( London, Paris, Tokyo, , Sydney, Seol )
    b. Nina phone par aksar Russians se baat karti hai. ( Indians, Japanese, Americans )
  • 4. Read the text above and retell it.
  • Unit 7. A Businessman’s Working Day
I am pleased to work in India. Indians are interesting  people. Mai India mein kaam karke bahut khush hoo. Bharatiya log mazedar hain.
I want to tell  about my working and workplace. Mein apne kaam aur kaam ke sthan (karya-sthal) ke baare mein batana chahta hoon.
I am working with a well known Indian firm “Household and Personal Necessities Ltd.” Mein ek jaani maani Indian firm “Household and Personal Necessities Ltd. ke saath kaam kar raha hoon.
They have recently extended their business and taken up several new lines. Abhi hal mein hi unhone apne vyapar ko badhaya hai aur kaee nayi cheezen nikali hai.
They are supplying the best goods and at reasonable prices. Woh uchit keemato mein badiya saaman dey rahey hai.
Indian and English workers happily work together. Bharatiya aur English karmchari khushi se ek saath kaam karte hain.
Our secretary Stone always keeps in touch with buyers on phone. Hamari secretary Stone hamesha kharidaaron se doorbhash par sampark banaye rakhti hai.
In meetings I with my partner, secretary and team of engineers take a decision on any purchase and sale. Milaap kay dauraan mai, meray hissey daar, sachiv aur abhiyanta ki team mil kar kharidne aur bechne ke baare mein  faisla lete hain.
We often sit together to discuss problems and try to solve it. Hum aksar saath baithkar mushkilo ka hal nikalne ki koshish karte hai.
  • Word Bag.
  • Indians – Bhartiya, Enquiry – Poonch taach, Sell – Bechna, Purchase or Buy – Kharidna, Seller – Bechnewaala, Buyer- Kharidnewala, As early as possible- Jaldi se jaldi, Reply- Jabab dena, Intersting -Mazedar, People- Log, Work – Kaam, Place – Sthan, Well known – Jaanaa pahchanaa, Reasonable prices – Uchit keemat, Best- Sabse Badhiya, Happily- Khushi-Khushi, Together- Saath, Always- Hamesha, Touch – Sampark, Decision – Faisla, Often- Aksar,  Together- Saath, Problem – Mushkil, Solve – Hal Nikaalanaa, Try – Koshish
  • Try It Out.
  • 1. Answer the questions on the text.
  • A Indians kaise log hai?
    B Indian firm ka kya naam hai ?
    C Kharidne aur bechne ka faisla kaun-kaun karta hai?
  • 2. Fill in the blanks.
  • a. Mein India mein kaam karke ——— ———- hoo.
    b. Indians————– log hain.
    c. Stone hamesha buyers ke————— mein rahti hai.
    d. Hum aksar ——– baithkar ———— ka ——— nikalte hai.
  • 3. Tell us about the firm you work for in Hindi.
  • 4. Read the following text and retell it in Hindi.
    (Use our translation to compare to check your progress)
From -
ABC Plc. London
dd mm yyyyTo
Automobile company
BANGALORE

Respected Sir,

We are sending our catalogue with rates. Our products are standard trade mark. Hum apna catalogue keemat ke saath bhej rahein hai. Hamari Vastuain standard trade mark ke saate hai.
We want to know your demand, so we can supply our products on time. We hope to receive your order as early as possible. Hum aapki demand janna chahte hai, taaki aapki vastuain samay par supply kar sakain. Hum aasha karte hai aapka order jaldi se jaldi milega.
Thanking you, Dhanyavaad
Yours faithfully
XYZ
Bhavdeey
xyz

Unit 8. First Business Meeting – Preliminary Talk

Mr C John, Assistant Director and Mr K Anthony, Senior Engineer of firm ( XYZ ) come to Bank of London to do the preliminary talk. Sri C John, sah-nirdeshak aur Sri K Anthony, varisth abhiyanta (XYZ co. se) London bank me shuruaatee baat-cheet karne aate hain.
Smith: Let me introduce, she is my secretary Stone. Smith: Mujhe parichay karaane dijiye – yeh meri sachiv Stone hai.
Stone: Glad to see you. Stone: Aap se mil kar khusi hui.
John: I am glad too. He is Mr K Anthony, my colleague. We can speak  Hindi, so we will talk in Hindi. John: Mujhe bhi khusi hui. Yeh mere sah-kartaa Sri K Anthony hai. Hum Hindi me bol sakte hai, is liye hum sab Hindi me baat karenge.
Smith: What would you like to have tea or coffee? Smith: Aap kya lena pasand karenge? - chai yaa kaafee.
John: I don’t mind coffee. John: Kaafee mere liye theek hai.
Stone: Excuse me, will you take coffee with milk or black coffee. Stone: Maaf kijiye, aap kaafee doodh ke saath lenge athvaa bina doodh ke.
John: I will take coffee with milk and Anthony will take black coffee. John: Main kaafee doodh ke sath loongaa aur Anthony bina doodh ke.
Smith: How much sugar? Smith: Kitnaa cheenee?
John: Only one spoon. John: Sirf, ek chammach.
Nina lays the table and serves the coffee. Nina mej lagaati hai aur kaafee pesh karti hai.
Smith: Nina, are you enjoying your work? Smith: Nina, kya tumhe kaam mein mazaa aa rahaa hai.
Nina: Yes, now back to business. There is no milk in office. Nina: Jee Haan! Ab kuchh kaam kee baat karen. Daftar mein doodh nahi hai.
Smith: What nuisance. Now I have to send driver to bring milk. Next time I will myself bring milk on the way to my office. Smith: Kya musibat hai. Ab mujhe driver ko doodh lene bhejnaa padegaa. Agli baar daftar aate waqt mai khud doodh lekar aa ungaa.
John: We want all the catalogue with price list. John: Hum pooraa catalog kimat ke saath chahate hain.
Stone: I am pleased to give you all. Stone: Aapko yeh sab dete hue mujhe khusi hogi.

Word Bag.

Assistant Director – Sah Nirdeshak, Senior Engineer – Varishth Abhiyanta, preliminary talk - shuruaatii baat-cheet, introduce - parichay karaanaa, Glad - khusi, colleague - sah kartaa, tea - chai, coffee - Kaafee, milk – doodh, sugar - cheenee, spoon - chammach, table -mej, office – Daftar, nuisance – musibat, myself – mein khud, all – pooraa

Try It Out.

1. Read the dialogues several times.

2. Complete these sentences.

a. Sah nirdeshak aur Varishth abiyanta shuruaati—————————.
b. Hum Hindi mein bol sakte hai isliye——————————————.
c. Nina mej lagati hai aur ——————————————————-.

3. Make sentences.

a. Kya musibat hai
b. Maaf kijie
c. Mazza

4. Fill in the blanks.

a. Smith: Mujhe————- karane dijia.
b. Stone: Aapse milkar ———-huai.
c. Smith: Aap kya lena———– karenge.
d. Smith: Nina kya tumhe ————- aa raha hai?
e. Nina: Aapko catalogue dete hue mujhe ———- ho rahi hai.

5. Make up similar dialogues of your own.

6. Extend the dialogue with the following expressions.

Mere ghar mein aapka swagat hai, Aap kya lena pasand karenge. ( cold drink aur coffee.

Unit 9. Business Talk Offer

(After Introduction, Talk Continues)

John: Good day gentleman, everything is all right. John: Shubh din Mahashay, sab kuchh theek hai.
Smith: Good day, I am comfortable what will you like to have – Tea or Coffee? Smith: Shubh din, mein aaram se hoon. Aap kya lena pasand karenge – chai ya kaaffee?
John: I am feeling uncomfortable, so coffee will be fine. I will have coffee with milk. John:Mein kuchh bechaini mahsoos kar raha hoo, isliye kaafee theek rahegi. Mein doodh ke saath kaafee loonga.
Stone: And now let’s get down to business. From time to time you suggested about products. We also received a telex from England to find out various detail about products. We often get surprised how you people work in that type of winter, when you can’t see anything because of fog. Stone: Aur aab kaam ki baat karte hai. Aapne samay samay par product ke baare mein bataya hai. Hume London se bhi telex mila hai product ke baare mei adhik se adhik jaankari lene ke liye. Hume aksar hairani hoti hai ki aap log aisi sardi mei kis tarah se kaam karte hai jab ki kohre ke karan kuch bhi teekh se dekhai nahi deta.
John: We are habitual, we even love it, and enjoy winter food. John: Hume iski aadat ho gai hai, Hum toh ise pasand karte hai, aur sardiyo ka khana khane mein bahut mazza aata hai.
Smith: And I really don’t like winter very much, but I do enjoy winter food. Smith: Aur mujhe sardiyan bilkul pasand nahi, lekin sardiyo ka khana khane mei bahut mazza aata hai.
Stone: In town people usually want to experiment with latest technology and keep moving. Stone: Shehar mein log aadhunik taknik ka prayog karte hue aage badhte rahte hain.
John: Now we understand  and will offer you  best possible deal. John: Aab mein samajh gaya aur aapko sabse achchhaa deal  offer karunga.
Smith: Next time we will continue our talk (negotiation). Smith: Aagli baar hum apni baatcheet jaari rakhenge.
John: Thank  you very much. Good Bye. John: Bahut bahut shukriya. Alvida.

Word Bag.

Everything – Sab kuchh, Feel – Mahsoos karna, Journey -Yaatra, Offer – peshkus, Uncomfortable – Bechain, Suggestion – Sujhav or Salaah, Detail – Jaankari, Surprise – Hairani, Fog – Kohra, Winter – Sardi or seetkaal, Food – Khaanaa, Latest – Adhunik, Technology – Takniki, Experiment – Prayog, Understand – Samajhna, Best – Sabse achchhaa, Next – Agla

Try It Out.

1. Read the text and answer the questions.
(a) Stone kis telex ki baat kar rahi thi?
(b) Smith ko sardiya kyo pasand nahi thi?
(c) Kaun baichaini mahsoos kar raha tha?
(d) Stone kis tarah ki sardiyo ke baare mei baat kar rahi thi?
(e) Kaun kaun sardiyo ke kane kha mazaa lete hai?
(f) Shehar ke log kis tarah ki takniki ka prayog karna chahte hai?

2. Fill in the blanks.
(a) Aap ——- lena pasand karenge?
(b) John kuch baichini ———– kar raha tha.
(c) London se telex mei —————— maangi hai.
(d) Sardiyo mei ————- ke karan kuch bhi ——— nahi deta.
(e) Sardiyo ka khana bahut ————- hota hai.

3. Make sentences.
(a) Mahsoos
(b) Yaatra
(c) Baichaini
(d) Aadhunik
(e) Takniki

4. Make up your own dialogues based on units 8 and unit 9.

  • Unit 10. Discussing The Offer
John: Good day gentleman. John: Shubh din Mahashay.
Smith: Good day. What will you like to have – Tea or Coffee? Smith: Shubh din. Aap kya lena pasand karenge – chai ya kaaffee?
John: I will have tea please. I have brought a model. Please have a look. Prices and technical specifications are written below. John: Mein chai loonga. Mein apne saath ek model lekar aaya hoon. Kripayaa dekhiye. Keemat aur takniki jaankariyan neeche likhi hain.
Smith: Fine, is that a latest model? Smith: Bahut achcha. Kya yeh navintam model hai?
John: Yes, of course. This is latest model. John: Haan, Bilkul. Yeh sabse naya model hai.
Stone: I don’t have to remind you to grab an opportunity like a good businessman. Stone: Mujhe yaad dilane ki jaroorat nahi ki ek aachche vyavsayi ki tarah mauke ko haath se mat jaane do.
(everybody laughs.) (sab hastey hain.)
John: I always thought English people have good sense of humour, and I am not wrong. John: Mein hamesha sochta tha ki Angrez log hansi-mazaak ke shaukeen hote hain, aur mein galat nahi hoon.
Smith: It seems to me a good model. Smith: Mujhe lagta hai ki yeh ek achchha model hai.
Stone: You are right, but I think the prices are very high. Stone: Aap theek kahte ho, lekin keemat bahut jyadaa hai.
John: Right now we are quoting the preliminary prices. It all depends on the size of the order. John: Abhi hum shuruati keemat bata rahe hain. Yah akhir mein order kay size par nirbhar hogaa.
Smith: well, I will speak to my firm in London and get back to you in two days. Smith: Teekh hai. Mai apnay London kay firm say baat karataa hoon aur dow din baad aapsay fir baat karoongaa.
John: See you, good bye. John: Phir milte hain, Alvida.
  • Word Bag.
  • To Bring – Laana, Specification – Jaankari, vishesataa, Have a look – Dekhiye, Below – Neeche, Technical specification – Takniki jaankari, Price – Keemat, Latest – Sabse nayaa or Navintam, Buisnessman – Vyavsayi, Grab – jhapat lena or haath se na jane denaa, To Laugh – Hasana, To think – Sochna, Preliminary – Shuruati, To Depend – Nirbhar hona
  • Try It Out.
  • 1. 1 Read the text several times and answer the following questions.
    a. John aur Smith ki mulaquat kis liye thi?
    b. John English logo ke baare mein kya sochta hai?
    c. Smith kis se baat karke order final karna chahta hai?
    d. Keemate kis baat par nirbhar karti hai?
    2. Fill in the blanks.
    a. Model ki keemate aur ———————- neeche likhi hai.
    b. Yeh ——————– model hai.
    c. Stone mauke ko ——— —- nahi jaane dena chahti.
    d. Smith ko model———– lagta hai.
    e. John ————– keemate batata hai.

    3. Make sentences from these Hindi words.
    a. Jaankaari
    b. Keemat
    c. Navintam
    d. Hasana
    e. Mauka

  • Unit 11. Business Talks (Price)
After two days, Smith again meets John and Anthony in office. Do din ke baad Smith dubara dafter mei John aur Anthony se milta hai.
Smith: I spoke to our firm in London and they are also excited about it. As we are your trial customer, I hope, you shall be able to give us some good discount. Smith: Maine London mei apni firm se baat ki aur woh isko lekar kaafi utsaahit hain. Kyoki hum aapke parakh grahak hain, mein aasha karta hoon ki aap hamen kuch achchhi riyayat denge.
John: We are pleased to offer you 5% discount. John: Humey aapko paanch pratishat riyayat dekar khushi hogi.
Smith: Not good enough. What we want right now is about 30,000 pieces . This product is in a demand, and if we can offer it at a reasonable price we will be able to increase our customers and so the size of our order. Smith: Itanaa kaafee nahi hai. Abhi hum tees hazaar sankhyaa chahte hain. Yeh samaan abhi maang mein hai, aur yadi hum sahi keemat par de sake to hum grahak badhaa sakenge aur order ka size bhi.
John: Well! We can settle on 7% discount. John: Theek hai. Hum apko saat pratishat riyayat de denge.
Smith: I can not take decision right now. Once again I have to ask my London office. After that we will continue our talks. Smith: Abhi mein koi faisla nahi le sakta. Mujhe phir se London office baat karni hogi. Uske baad hum apni baat cheet jaari rakhenge.
John: I don’t have any objection. I will wait for your reply. John: Mujhe koi aapatti nahi hai. Mein aapke jabab ka intezar karoonga.
Smith: That’s very nice of you. Smith: Yeh aapkaa badappan hai.
John: See you then, Good bye. John: Phir milte hain, Alvida.
  • Word Bag.
  • Price – Keemat, After – Baad, Again – Dubaara, Trial – Parakh, Customer – Grahak, Discount – Riyayat, Want – Chahna, Right now – Abhi, Purchase – Kharidna, Increase – Badhana, Objection – Aapatti, Decision – Faisla, (nirnay) Wait – Intezar, Reply – Jabab, Good bye – Alvida, Percentage – Pratishat, Promise – Waada
  • Try It Out.
  • 1. 1 Read the text several times and answer the following questions.
    a. Smith, John aur Anthony kitne din baad milte hain?
    b. Smith John se kya kah kar riyayat mangta hai?
    c. John kitne pratishat riyayat ka prastav rakhta hai aur Smith kya
    jabab deta hai?
    d. Smith grahako ko badhane ki kya tarkeeb batata hai?
    e. Smith kis se baat karne ke baad nirnaye lene ko kahta hai?

    2. Fill in the blanks.
    a. Smith aur John do din baad————- mein milte hain.
    b. Smith riyayat adhik hone se ———– adhik hone ki baat kahta hai.
    c. Smith ne kaha akhiri faisla —————– karega.
    d. John ko intezar karne mein koi———— nahi thi.
    e. John 7% ————- dene ka faisla karta hai.

    3. Make sentences from these Hindi words.
    a. Riyayat
    b. Grahak
    c. Aapathi
    d. Faisla

  • 4. Make up the similar dialogues of your own in Hindi in following situations.
    a. Aap ek kharidar hain aur aapne ek trial order diya hai. Aap keemato mein riyayat ki maang kaise karaenge.
    b. Aap ek seller hain aur aapko naye grahak banane hain. Aap grahak ko adhik se adhik riyayat dene ka waada kijie.
  • Unit 12. Business Talks (Terms of delivery)
Smith: Namaste, Mr John and Mr Anthony. I have a good news for you. Our London office has agreed on your price proposal. Smith: Namaste, Mr John aur Mr Anthony. Aapke liye ek achcha samachar hai.Hamare London ke dafter ne aapke keemato ke  prastaav ko maan liya hai.
John: I am extremely pleased to hear this. Now we need to finalize the terms of delivery and mode of payment. John: Mujhe yeh sunker bahut khushi huee. Aab humein supurdagi ki sharte aur bhugataan ke tariko ko tay karne ki jarurat hai.
Smith: We will do if it suits you, when we start working on agreement. Smith: Agar suvidhaa janak hai to yeh sab anubandh taiyar karate samay karange.
John: I don’t have any objection. We usually supply goods on receipt of payment. We also provide insurance and freight to goods. John: Mujhe koi aapati nahi hai. Hum aam taur par bhugtaan milane par maal bhejate hai. Hum maal ka beema aur bhada bhi karate hai.
Smith: We agree on your principle. Here I require tonnage information to place those 30,000 pieces in one ship. Smith: Hum aapke siddhant se sahmat hai. Is vakt mujhe in tees hazaar vastuo ko jahaj se bhejane ke liye bhaar ka anumaan chahiye
John: Okay you will get it. John : Theek hai. Aapko yah jaankaari mil jayegi.
Smith: In that case we don’t mind delivery on such terms. Smith : Us halat me humko in sharto par mall lene me koi aapatti nahi hai.
John: What is the place and time of delivery? John : maal dene ka sthan aur vakt kyaa hai?
Smith: We want to receive goods within six months after signing the contract. Smith : Hum anubandh patra par dastkhat(hastakshar) karne ke chhah maahine ke ander maal prapt karna chahate hai.
John: Agreed. We will discuss the terms of payment tomorrow. John : Mujhe manjoor hai. Hum bhugtaan ki sharto par kal baatcheet karenge.
  • Word Bag.
  • Extremely – Bahut, News – Samachar, Proposal – Prastaav, Delivery – supurdagi, Payment – Bhugtaan, Mode – Tarikaa, Finalize – Samapt Karna, Need – Jaroorat, Agreement – Anubandh, Start – Shuru, To Suit – Suvidha Janak, Usually – Aamtaur par, Supply – Bhejna, Insurance – Beema, Freight – Bhaada, Principle – Siddhant, Ship – Jahaj, Place – Sthan, Time – Vakt, Receive – Prapt karna, Month – Mahina, Goods – Maal, Signing – Hasthakshar
  • Try It Out.
  • 1. 1 Read the text and answer the following questions.
    a. Smith John aur Anthony ko kya achcha samachar deta hai?
    b. John kis ko tay karne ki baat karta hai?
    c. John maal bhejne ki kya shart batata hai?
    d. Smith John se kya jaankari chahta hai?
    e. Smith anubandh patra per hastakshar ke kitne mahine tak maal prapt karna chahta hai?

    2. Fill in the blanks.
    a. London ka dafter John Ki keemato ke———– ko maan leta hai.
    b. John Bhugtaan aur————– ke tariko ko ———–dene ki baat karta hai.
    c. John maal ka———- aur———– bhi karata hai.
    d. Smith anubandh par hastakshar karne ke —————ke ander maal——– karna chahta hai.

    3. Make sentences from these Hindi words.
    a. Hastakshar
    b. Maal
    c. Anubandh
    d. Jahaj
    e. Prastav

  • 4. Make up the similar dialogues of your own in Hindi in following situations.
    a. Aap kharidar ho. Aap saari machines ek consignment me mangana chahte ho. Lekin seller do consignment bhejna chahta hai.
    b. Aap kharidar ho. Aap apna maal saat mahine me chahte hai. Lekin seller ye karne me asamarth hai. Seller ki gujarish ko manne ki koshish kijie.
  • Unit 13. Business Talks (Terms of Payment)
Smith: Namaste, Gentlemen. Sit down please. What about a cup of coffee? Smith: Namaste. Aap sab kripaya baithiye. Ek-ek pyala kaafee kaisi rahegi?
John: Thank you, with pleasure. John: Dhanyabad.  Mujhe khusi hogi.
Anthony: I will also not refuse. Anthony: Manaa to mai bhi nahi karungaa.
John: Fine, We will all have coffee. John: Bahut badhiya. Ham sab kaafee lenge.
Smith: Tomorrow I will go to bank to confirm the letter of credit to make the payment. Smith: Kal mai letter of credit ko sunischit karane ke liye bank jaane vala hoo taaki bhugtan ho sake.
John: When are you going to open letter of credit in our favor? John : Aap letter of credit hamare paksh me kab kholane jaa rahe hai?
Smith: Only when we receive your notification that goods are ready for shipment. We would like to receive credit terms in a course of thirty days from the bill of loading date. Smith : Tabhi jab aapse yah soochanaa prapt hoti hai ki maal bheje jane ke liye taiyar hai. Ham maal load hone ke dinank se tees dino kaa credit bhi chahate hai.
John: No problem, we can grant you thirty days. John : Koi dikkat nahi. ham aapko tees din de sakte hai.
Smith: That’s great, We will meet again very soon. Smith : Yah bahut achchha hai. Ham jald hi fir milte hai.
  • Word Bag.
  • please – kripaya, to confirm – sunischit karna, payment – bhugtan, favor – paksh, to open – kholana, to receive – prapt hona, ready – taiyar, date – dinank, day – din,Cup – pyala, notification – soochanaa, problem – dikkat, again – phir, very soon – jaldi, Thank you – dhanayavad
  • Try It Out.
  • 1. Read the text and answer the following questions.
    a. Smith, John aur Anthony kya peete hain?
    b. Smith kahan jaane ki baat karta hai?
    c. Smith ko bank mei kya kaam tha?
    d. John letter of credit ke baare mei kya janna chahta hai?
    e. Smith kitne din ka credit chahta hai?
    f. John Smith ki baat ka kya jabab deta hai?2. Fill in the blanks.
    a. Smith ek- ek ——- ———– peene ka aagreh karta hai.
    b. Anthony bhi coffee ko ————- nahi karta hai.
    c. Letter of credit sunishchit hone se—————— ho sakega.
    d. John letter of credit ———– ka samay ————– chahta hai.
    e. John ko 30 dino ka credit dene mei koi ———— nahi.

    3. Make sentences from these Hindi words.
    a. Kripayaa
    b. Sunishchit
    c. Bhuktan
    d. Paksh
    e. Dinank

  • 4. Make up the similar dialogues of your own in Hindi in following situations.
    a. Aap ek kharidar hai. Aap seller ko kis tarah se bhuktan karna chahenge.
    b. Aap seller hai. bhuktan lene ki aapni sharto ko saamne rakhte huae kharidar se baat kijie.
  • Unit 14. Business  Enquiry & Reply
When buyer wants to know on what price and on which terms & conditions a seller sells the goods, he usually sends an inquiry letter to the seller; and asks the seller to provide catalogue, price list and even samples of goods. Jab koi grahak (kharidar) yeh janana chahata hai ki vikreta (bechane wala) apna maal kis keemat aur kin sharto par dega, tab aam taur par woh vikreta ko ek janch patra bhejata hai tatha us-se keemat soochi, samaan soochi aur samaan ke namoone ki maang karata hai.
Sample Enquiry Letter10 Aug 2007

Dear Gentleman

We are very thankful for your reply along with all the details of goods we require. We are interested in purchasing your standard trademark goods.

We are interested in receiving the goods at earliest possible with acceptable terms and conditions of delivery.

Yours faithfully

xyz

Jaanch Patra Ka Namoona10 Aug 2007

Aadarniya Mahodaya

Hum aapke dwaraa bheje gaye jabaab tatha hamare jarurat ke samaan ki vistrit janakari ke liye bahut aabhari hai. Hum aapke samanya trademark samaan ko kharidane ki ruchi rakhate hai.

Hum samaan ko jitni jaldi ho sake, pane ke ichchhuk hai agar aapki sharte hamare anusar theek ho.

Aapka Aabhari

abc

On buyer’s request the seller sends his price-list with detailed description of goods and terms and conditions of delivery. Grahak ke poochhane par vikreta apni keemat soochi, samaan ki vistrit janakari aur bechane ki sharto ko prastut karta hai.
Sample Reply LetterFrom A. Smith & Co. Ltd. London

11 Aug. 2007

Dear Gentleman

We thank you for writing to us regarding your requirements. We are one of the most popular manufacturers. You can find the details of the goods in the enclosed brochures.

Our payment terms are down cash or negotiation of documents through banks, payment required to be made at presentation of documents. Credit of one month is, however, made available on opening of letter of credit in our favor.

Alternatively bank guarantee is acceptable. Please let us know the name of your bankers.

Awaiting your reply,

Yours faithfully

———————–

Jabab ka NamoonaFrom A. Smith & Co. Ltd. London

11 Aug. 2007

Aadarniya Mahodya

Hum aapke shukregujar hain ki aapne apni jaroorto ke baare mei hame likha. Hum jaane-maane utpadkartao mei se ek hain. Sanlagna brochure mei saaman ki vistrit jaankaari di gayi hai.

Hamaari bhuktan shart nagad ya bank ke dwara ki gayi suvidha par nirbhar hai jisme kagjat ke prastut karne par bhugtan mil jaana chahiye. Agar aap hamare paksh me letter of credit kholate hai to ek mahine ka samay bhugatan ke liye mil sakta hai.

Vikalp me bank ki gaurantee bhi ham maanate hai. Kripaya hame apne bank ka naam bataye.

Aapke jabab ke intezar me,

Aapka Abhari

—————

  • Word Bag.
  • buyer – grahak, karidar, karidanewala; seller – vikreta, bechane wala
  • Enquiry related : dear- aadarniye, usually – aam taur, enquiry – jaanch, sample – namoona, catalouge – saaman suchi, detailed – vistrit, description – jaankaari, interested – ichchuk, faithfully – aabhari, at the earliest – jaldi se jaldi, acceptable terms – maany shart
  • Reply related : requirement – jaroorat, popular – jaane-maane, manufacturer- utpada karta, enclosed – salagana, cash – nagad, through – dwara, documents – kagjat, presentation – prastut karana, favor -paksh, to open – kholana, alternate – vikalp, please – kripaya, awaiting – intezar me
  • Try It Out.
  • Enquiry Related:
  • 1. Give the text <<Enquiry >> in your own words.2. Make dialogues between the seller and the buyer based on the text.

    3. You have received an enquiry from a German Firm. They would like to buy a chromatograph from you. Make a reply to the enquiry.

  • 4. Answer the questions.
    a. Kharidar bechnewale se kya janna chahta hai?
    b. Bechnewala kis ki vistrit jaankaari deta hai?
  • 5.Make sentences in Hindi.
    a. Namoona
    b. Vistrit
    c. Aabhari
    d. Jaldi

    Reply Related:
  • 6.  Make dialogues between seller and buyer based on the text.7.  Answer these question in Hindi?
    a. Bechne wala kis baat ke liye kharidar ka shukriya kahta hai?
    b. Brochure mei kis baat ki jaankari di gayi hai?
    c. Bechnewala bhuktan ke baare mei kya jaankaari deta hai?

    8. Fill in the blanks.
    a. Hum jaane-maane————— mei se hain.
    b. _________ brochure mei saaman ki ———— jaankaari di gayi hai.
    c. Vialp mei bank ki ——————- bhi maan lete hain.

    9. Make Hindi sentences.
    a. Shukregujar
    b. Jaane- maane
    c. Nagad
    d.  Vikalp
    e. Intezar

  • Unit 14(ii). Long Distance Tele Conversation
Victor: Mr Thomson, we received your enquiry about our goods. When are you coming to India? Victor: Mr Thomson, aapke dwara hamare saaman ke baare mei ki gaee poochtaach ki jaankari hume hai. Aap India kab aa rahe hain?
Thomson: I will come to India around 20th September. I am going to apply for my visa at Indian consulate. Thomson: Mein India 20 September ke aas – paas aaunga. Mai Indian consulate mein visa ke liye aavedan karne ja raha hoon.
Victor: According to the regulations, they will issue visa within 10 days time. Today is 12 September. I will advice you to apply for visa as soon as possible. Victor: Niyam anusar woh dus din ke ander visa pradan karte hain. Aaj 12 September hai. Mein aapko jaldi se jaldi visa ke liye aavedan karne ki salah doonga.
Thomson: That’s what I am thinking. I will apply for visa within 2 days. Thomson: Mein bhi yahi soch raha tha. Mein 2 din ke under visa ke liye aavedan kar doonga.
Victor: I suggest you to make use of this Indian tour of yours. Apply for business visa in Indian consulate. It is not very expensive, but in turn it helps you book your hotel accommodation. Victor: Mere sujhav- aanusar aapko India ki yatra ka bhar-pur istemal karna chaahiye. Indian consulate mei business visa ke liye avedan karo. Yeh adhik mahnga nahi hai, balki hotel booking mei sahayak hoga.
Thomson: Thank you very much for this suggestion. I will make arrangements accordingly and inform you. See you soon. Thomson: Sujhav dene ke liye bahut-bahut shukriya. Kaary kurm banane ke baad mein aapko suchit karoonga. Jald hi milte hain.
  • Word Bag.
  • around  – aas-paas, to apply – aaveden karna, according to regulations – niyamanusar, advice – salah, use- istemal, expensive- mehanga, suggestion – sujhav, arrangement- kaary krum (also bandobast), to inform- soochit karna
  • Try It Out.
  • 1. Read text and answer these questions.
    a. Thomson India kab aana chahta hai?
    b. Niyamo ke aanusar visa milne mei kitne din lagte hain?
    c. Victor Thomson ko kya salah deta hai?
    d. Thomson ke liye business visa kis tarah se sahayak hoga?2. Give the text in your own words.

    3. Make sentences from these words in Hindi.
    a. Aavedan
    b. Salah
    c. Niyam
    d. Sujhav
    e. Mehanga

  • Unit 15. Discussing Terms Of Delivery, Guarantee Period, and Terms of Payment
Want to say? This is how you say in Hindi
Smith:  If you could make some arrangements, we would like to see the goods (machines) in operation. Smith: Agar aap kuch intezam kar de to hum machines ka operation dekhna chahenge.
John: We will do whatever you ask to satisfy you. John: Hum aapko santust karne ke liye jo jaruri hai vo karenge.
Smith: When can we go to the factory? Smith: Hum factory kab chal sakte hai?
 John: We will go tomorrow.  John: Hum kal chalenge.
(After having seen the machines being operated) (machine ki karyavahi dekhne ke baad)
Smith: We have seen the goods in operation, are satisfied and want the first consignment in September. Smith: Hum machine ki karyavahi dekh kar santust hain aur pahla consignment September mei chahte hai.
John: We really don’t have any problem sending first consignment in September, but we would like to send second consignment in the October end. I hope you don’t have any problem about it. John: Hume pahla consignment September mei bhejne mei koi mushkil nahi hai, lekin doosra consignment October ke aakhir tak bhejenge. Mein aasha karta hoon ki aapko is-se koi dikkat nahi hogi.
Smith: No problem at all. Smith: Koi bhi dikkat nahi hai.
(Guarantee Period) (Guarantee ka samay)
Smith: I want to know how long the guarantee period is? Smith: Mein janna chahta hoon ki guarantee ka samay kitna hai.
John: 15 months from the date of contract or 13 months from the date of selling to the customer. You can enjoy one month’s special guarantee in course of transit period. John: Anubandh ki tarikh se pandrah mahine tak, athava grahak ko bechne ki tarikh se terah mahine tak. Aap ek mahine ke transit ke samay ki khas guarantee ka laabh bhi utha sakte hai.
Smith: It is little short of our expectation. We expected at least 18 to 24 months guarantee. Smith: Yeh hamari umeed se kuch kam hai. Humne atharah se chaubis mahino ki guarantee ki umeed ki thi.
John: For that we have to go against the practice. John: Uske liye hume apne aam tarike se alag jaanaa padega.
Smith: We would be grateful if you try to understand our concern. This is our trial order and we want to do our best. Smith: Agar aap hamaari baat samajhane ki koshish kare to hum aapke bahut aabhari honge. Yeh hamara trial order hai aur hum achche se achcha sauda karna chahte hain.
John: Fine, it has to settle somewhere half way. We can extend guarantee for 15 months to 18 months. John: Theek hai. Hum isko beech me maan lete hain. Hum guarantee ka samay badha kar pandrah se atharah mahine tak ki kar sakte hain.
(Terms of payment) (Bhugtan ki sharte)
Smith: And now let’s discuss about credit terms. Smith: Aur ab hum credit ki sharto ke baare mein baat kar lete hain.
John: You have to open a letter of credit to make payment at the notification that the goods are ready for shipment. John: Saaman bheje jane ke liye taiyaar hone ki soochna milne par aapko hamaare paksh mein letter of credit dena hoga.
Smith: I don’t have any problem. Smith: Mujhe koi dikkat nahi hai.
John: When are you going to send firm order. John: Aap firm order kab bhej rahe hain.
Smith: After 10 days. This may be our first order, but I think not last. Smith: Dus din ke baad. Yeh hamaara pahla order hai, lekin mere hisab se aakhiri nahi.
John: I too think so. Today we discussed many important matters. John: Mein bhi yahi sochta hoon. Aaj humne bahut si mahatvapurn baaton par vichar kiya.
Smith: Yes, Today’s talk is very fruitful. Smith: Haan, Aaj ki baaten kaafi faldayak hai.
  • Word Bag.
  • arrangement – intezam, operation – karyavahi, satisfied – santust, first – pahla, second – doosra, problem – dikkat, period – samay, special – khaas, expectation – umeed, fruitful – faldayak, important – mahatvapurn, today – aaj, notification – soochna, ready – tai yar
  • Try It Out.
  • 1 Read the dialogues above and answer these questions in Hindi.
    a. Smith kya dekhna chahta tha?
    b. Kya machine ki karyawahi dekhne ke baad Smith santust tha?
    c. Smith pahla consignment kab chahta hai?
    d. John kitne guarantee samay ki peshkash karta hai?
    e. John bhuktan ki kya sharte rakhta hai?2. Here are some situations. Make your own dialogues in Hindi.
    a. You are the Buyer. You’d like to see the machine in operation. Make arrangements with the Seller about your visit to a factory.
    b. You are the Buyer. You’ve seen the machine in operation. You are satisfied and want first consignment within a month. Arrange this with Seller.
    c. You are the Seller. You don’t want to deliver the first consignment until October and the second before two months. The Buyer does not agree. He wants the second consignment by November. Explain to the Buyer why you can’t make it.
    d. You are the Buyer. You want to know how long the guarantee period is. After learning about it, ask the Seller to extend it.
    e. You are the Seller. Agree with the Buyer about payment by Letter of Credit.

    3. Make sentences using words below.( Nimn likhit shabdo se Vakya banao)
    a. Karyavaahi
    b. Santust
    c. Mahatvapurn
    d. Soochna
    e. Khaas

  • Unit 16. Meeting at the airport. Talking about the weather.
Want to say? This is how you say in Hindi
Mr Stephan, representative of English firm and Mr Clarke, its chief engineer  arrive at Delhi airport. They want to know about Delhi and its weather. Smith has come to receive Them. Mr Stephan English firm ke pratinidh aur Mr Clarke firm ke pramukh abhiyanta Delhi airport par pahuchte hain. Woh Delhi ke aur uske mausam ke baare mei janna chahte hain. Smith unke swagat ke liye pahuchta hai.
Smith: Namaste! Mr Stephan and Mr Clarke. Welcome to Delhi. Smith: Namaste! Mr Stephan aur Mr Clarke Delhi mein aapka swagat hai.
Stephan: Mr. Smith. How are you? Stephan: Mr. Smith aap kaise hain?
Smith: I am fine, thank you. How are you? Smith: Mein achcha hoon. Shukriya. Aap kaise hain?
Stephan: I am fine too. Our flight was very comfortable and safe. I was busy reading newspaper and some very interesting magazines. I enjoyed some good articles about sports and current events. Stephan: Mein bhi achcha hoon. Hamari udan bahut aaramdayak aur surakshit thi. Mein samacharpatra aur kuchh bahut mazeydaar patrika padhane mei vyast raha. Mujhe kuch khel aur taaza ghatanao se sambandhit lekh pasand aaye.
Smith: Which sports interest you? Smith: Aap kis khel ko pasand karte hain?
Stephan: I love to watch cricket and tennis. I am also fond of races. I love horses since my childhood. Stephan: Mein cricket aur tennis dekhna pasand karta hoon. Mein ghurdaur bhi pasand karta hoon. Mujhe bachpan se ghode bahut pasand hain.
Smith: Who is your favorite player? Smith: Aapka pasandida khiladhi kaun sa hai?
Stephan: Andre Agassi, Shane Warne and Sachin (Tendulkar) are my all time favorite. Stephan: Andre Agassi, Shane Warne aur Sachin (Tendulkar) ko mei hamesha se pasand karta hoon.
Smith: You can enjoy tennis and cricket matches on Television, U.S Open is already on. Smith: Aap television par cricket aur tennis ka mazaa le sakte hain, U.S Open shuru bhi ho chuka hai.
Stephan: Thank you, How is the weather here? Stephan: Shukriya. Yahan mausam kaisa hai?
Smith: You just can’t predict, it is changing everyday. Daytime it is hot and humid, but evenings are pleasant. Smith: Aap iske baare mei kuch nahi kah sakte, yeh roz hi badalta rahata hai. Din ke samay garmi aur umas hoti hai, par shaam kaafi khusgawar ho jaati hai.
Stephan: What is the opinion of the weather forecaster? Stephan: Mausam ke baare mei batane wale kya kahte hain.
Smith: They are giving correct forecast, but sometimes they are let down by change in weather. Smith: Woh sahi jaankari dete hain, lekin kabhi kabhi mausam ka badlav unhe bhi galat sabit kar deta hai.
Stephan : Thank you very much, for all the information. Stephan: Sari jaankari ke liye bahut bahut shukriya.
Smith: Good night, see you tomorrow. I hope you will enjoy your stay here. Smith: Shubh raatri, kal milte hain. Mein aasha karta hoon ki aap yaha ki atithya ko pasand karenge.
(And they left for the hotel.) (Aur wo apne hotel ke liye chal dete hai.)
  • Word Bag.
  • representative – pratinidhi, know – janana, weather – mausam, chief – pramukh, welcome – swagat, comfortable – aaramdayak, safe – surakshit, newspaper – samachar patra, magzine – patrika, interesting – mazedar, busy – vyast, sports – khel, current events – tazza ghatna, races – ghurdaur, horse – ghoda, childhood – bachpan, favorite – pasandida, daily – roz, changing – badalta, information – jaankari, good night – shubh raatri
  • Try It Out.
  • 1 Read the dialogues above and answer these questions in Hindi.
    a. Delhi ke airport par kaun kaun pahuchata hai?
    b. Woh kis baare mein janana chahte hain?
    c. Mr. Stephan ki udaan kaisi thi, aur unhone apne ko kis tarah vayast rakha?
    d. Mr. Stephan ka pasandida khel aur khiladi batao?
    e. Smith ne mausam ke baare mei kya jaankari dii ?2. Make sentences using words below.( Nimn likhit shabdo se Vakya banao)
    a. Khel
    b Samacharpatra
    c Aaramdayak
    d Mausam
    e Ghoda
  • Unit 17. Seeing New Delhi.
Want to say? This is how you say in Hindi
Delhi is capital of India. It has two distinct parts– Old and New Delhi. Old Delhi is the 17th century walled city sprinkled with remnants of the past – city gates and labyrinths, the Red Fort, Jama Masjid, temples, mosques, bazaars and legendary Chandni Chowk. New Delhi, in contrast, is modern and characterized by the circular Connaught Place whose connecting streets are filled with offices and hotels. Delhi India ki rajdhani hai. Iske do mukhya bhag hai – Nai Delhi aur Purani Delhi . Purani Delhi  purane samay ke dwar aur galiyare, Lal quila, Jama Masjid, mandir, masjid, bazaar, aur chandni chowk satrah vi shataabdi ki Delhi ko darshata hai. Theek iske viprit Connaught place ka circle aur usse judi galliya jo daftaro aur hotels se bhari hai, Nai Delhi ki aadhunik tasvir dikhata hai.
Delhi is a major gateway for international flights and Indira Gandhi International Airport is located in  south-west of the city. There are domestic flights to Delhi from all major Indian destinations. Most cities and towns are located close to Delhi, and are well connected by road with driving time from Delhi to Agra and Jaipur being three hours. Delhi anter rastriya udano ke liye mukhya kendra hai aur Indira Gandhi anter rashtriya hawai adda dakshin pashchim mei sthir hai. Delhi se India ke sabhi mukhya shaharo ke liye udaan hai. Bahut se shahar iske aas paas sthir hain, aur sadke driving ke liye upyukt hai. Delhi se Agra  ya Jaipur ki doori 3 ghante mei taya ki jaati hai.
Delhi is a living paradox. The city has an active art & literary community, chic restaurants, and nightclubs. Delhi vividhata ka udaharan hai. Shahar mein kala aur sahitya samaj, restaurant aur night club hai.
With a variety of handicrafts, home accessories, silks and high end designer wear, Delhi has the best of shopping. One can spend hours at the fashionable Hauz khas Village, with its art and designerwear. Dilli Haat, along with its regional stalls, has a wide range of handicrafts from all over the country. Meanwhile, the famous alleys of Old Delhi as well as the various bazaars in Chandni Chowk area offer carpet, jewellery and attar. Delhi kharidari ke liye badhiya jagah hai. Hastkala, resham aur designer vastro ki bharmar hai. Koi bhi Haus Khas village mei ghanto bita sakta hai. Dilli haat mei desh ke har prant ki hastkala ke dukaan hai. Purani Delhi ke chandni chowk ke vibhinn bazaar kaalin, jevrat aur itr ke liye prasidh hai.
  • Word Bag.
  • capital – rajdhani, distinct – mukhya, parts – bhaag, new – naya, old – purana, gate – dwar, labyrinths – galiyare, century – shatabdi, contrast- viprit, modern – aadhunik, connected – judi hui, streets – galiyan, international – anterrashtriya, flight – udan, airport – hawai addha, south west – dakshin pashchim, domestic- gharelu, paradox- vividhata, art – kala, literary – sahitya, community- samaj, shopping – kharidari, silk – resham, handicraft – hastkala, famous – prasiddh, carpet – kaalin, jewellary – jevrat, attar – itr
  • Try It Out.
  • 1 Read the dialogues above and answer these questions in Hindi.
    a. India ki raajdhani ka kya naam hai?
    b. Delhi ka kaun sa bhag 17 shatabdi ko darshata hai?
    c. Delhi ke aanterrashatriye hawai aadhe ka kya naam hai?
    d. Delhi ka kaun sa bazar kaalin, jevrat aur ittar ke liye prasidh hai?2. Make sentences using words below.( Nimn likhit shabdo se Vakya banao)
    a. mukhaye
    b. hastkala
    c. jevrat
    d. aanterrastriya
    e. gharelu
    f. shatabadi

    3. Write a letter in Hindi language to your friend describing your visit to Delhi and adjoining tourist places.

  • Unit 18. After Signing The Contract – At The Restaurant.
Want to say? This is how you say in Hindi
George: Good evening, Ms Stella, Good evening Mr Victor. Allow me to introduce my colleague Ms Venus and Mr Ivan. Ivan is studying in Oxford University. George: Namaskaar, Ms Stella, Namaskaar Mr Victor Mai apne saathiyo Ms Venus aur Mr Ivan se milane ki izazat chahta hoon. Ivan Oxford Vishwavidyalay mein padh raha hai.
Victor: Good evening everybody, please meet Mr Anthony, Mr Stephan, & director of our firm Mr Tony. Victor: Sabko Namaskaar, Mr Stephan, Mr Anthony, aur hamari firm ke director Mr Tony se miliye.
George: Very nice to meet you all. I invite you all in the restaurant to celebrate. We have successfully signed the contract, and everybody would like to enjoy. George: Aap sabse mil-kar bahut khushi huee. Mainey aap sabko is restaurant mein dawat ke liye bulaya hai. Hamne safalatapurvak anubandh par hastakashar kiye, aur sab log iska jashn manana chahte hain.
Head waiter: Sir, your table is laid. Head waiter: Sir, aapki meiz taiyaar hai.
George: Let’s sit down. Please take a seat Ms Venus. Anthony and Victor will sit opposite to Tony. And I would love to sit next to the Lady. George: Chalo baithte hain. Ms Venus aap baithiye. Anthony aur Victor Tony ki doosri taraf baithenge. Aur mein lady ki bagal me baithna pasand karunga.
Ivan: We will celebrate with black caviar. Ivan: Hum kala caviar ke saath jashn manayenge.
Venus: And also with red caviar. Venus: Aur laal caviar ke saath bhi.
George: I am at your service. Now tell me what you will like to have with vodka and caviar. It is not yet decided. George: Mein aapki seva me haazir hoon. Aab mujhe batae aap vodka aur caviar ke saath kya lena pasand karoge. Yeh abhi tak tay nahi hua hai.
Ivan: We love to have pickled mushrooms, salmon and sturgeon with vodka. Ivan: Hum vodka ke saath pickled mushrooms, salmon aur stugeon lena pasand karenge.
George: What will you like to have Ms Stella. George: Ms Stella aap kya lena pasand karengi.
Stella: For a change I would like to try semi sweet wine or Georgian dry wine. Stella: Badlav ke liye mein thori sweet wine ya Georgian dry wine lena chahungi.
George: Waiter, Please take the order. George: Waiter, kripya hamara order le lijiye.
Head Waiter: Thank you, sir I’ll just bring your order. Head Waiter: Dhanyabad, Mahoday. Mai aapke liye abhi lata hoon.
Ivan: I want to proposed a  toast, We all will work hard on this contract and set an example. Ivan: Mein toast proposed karna chahta hoon, Hum sab anubandh par mehnat se kaam karte hua ek udaharan prastut karenge.
George: We all will show our co-operation and make sure that we all work with best of our ability. George: Hum sab aapsi sahyog dikhate hua apni poori kshamta se kaam karenge.
Venus: I can sense victory right now. Venus: Mein abhi se jeet mahsoos kar rahi hoon.
Waiter: Sir, please order dinner. Waiter: Sir, Kripaya khana ke liye bata dijiye.
Ivan: Bring one meat dish, one fish dish, roast turkey, vegetables, and green vegetable salad. Ivan: Hum ek meat dish. ek fish dish, roast turkey, vegetables aur green vegetable salad lenge.
George: And ice cream and fruit cream also. George: Aur ice cream aur fruit cream bhi.
Venus: It is really a good choice. I love to eat spicy food. Venus: Yeh vakai achchi pasand hai. Mujhe masaledaar khana behad pasand hai.
George: I too love to eat spicy food with charming ladies. George: Mein bhi khubsoorat aurato ke saath masaledar khana pasand karta hoon.
Venus: Thank you for compliments. Venus: Taarif ke liye dhanyvad.
Victor: Let’s enjoy wine. Victor: Chalo wine ka mazaa lete hain.
Waiter: Sir, dinner table is ready. Waiter: Mahodaya , khanne ki meiz taiyaar hai.
Ivan: Please come and have dinner. Ivan: Kripaya aap sab khane ke liye chaliye.
Victor: Food is excellent. Victor: Khana bahut achcha hai.
Venus: I really enjoyed the dinner. Venus: Mujhe khane mein bahut anand aaya.
Ivan: Thanks every body for lovely evening. I hope you all enjoyed. We will meet again soon. Ivan: Sabko is khubsoorat shaam ke liye dhanyavad. Mein aasha karta hoon sabko achcha laga hoga. Hum jald hi dubara milenge.
  • Word Bag.
  • Good evening – namaskaar (can be used whenever you meet somebody), allow – izaazat,  to meet – milna, celebrate -  jashn, (or, dawat), successfully – safalatapurvak, table – meiz, sit – baithiye, black – kala, red – laal, service – seva, to decide – tay karna, to take – lena, like – pasand, change – budlav, thank you – dhanyabad, sir – mahoday, just – abhi, compliments – taarif, ability- kshamta, spicy- masaledar, choice- pasand
  • Try It Out.
  • 1 Read the dialogues above and answer these questions in Hindi.
    a. George ke saathiyo ka naam kya hai?
    b. Victor ke saath kaun log hain?
    c. Ms Stella kya lena chahati hai?
    d. Waiter ne order lene ke baad kya kaha?
    e. Ivan ne khane mei kya-kya mangaaya?2. Make sentences using words below.( Nimn likhit shabdo se Vakya banao)
    a. miliye
    b. hamara
    c. jashn
    d. baithiye
    e. lijiye
    f. Namaskaar

    3. Jashn ke baare mei paanch panktiya likhiye?
    (Write five lines about celebration in the restaurant)

  • Hindi Alphabet (DevaNagari Varnamala; वर्णमाला)
  • DevaNagari (देवनागरी; नागरी) is a widely used script (लिपि/lipi). It is used by more than 250 million people! It is used for writing text of Hindi, Marathi, Nepali, Sanskrit and many other regional languages and dialects in the Indian subcontinent.
  • If you want to see the pictures of DevaNagari alphabets and skip the introduction of DevaNagari click following.
  • SKIP Reading Introduction;
    GOTO svar, vyaNjan & maatraa…
  • These pages use the xNagari transliteration scheme for writing DevaNagari words in Latin.
  • Introduction
  • These pages are about alphabet of DevaNagari called ‘varNNamaalaa’ (वर्णमाला; varnamala). Varnamala is also called ‘kakahara’ (ककहरा; kakaharaa) or ‘Aksharmala’ (अक्षरमाला; AkShar-maalaa)!
  • Varnmala is incorrect spelling while varn-mala is not incorrect!
  • Unfamiliar words of Sanskrit or Hindi are written in single quotation.
  • DevaNagari letters are shown as Images.
  • One should not copy any text from the pages belonging to softfonts.com, hindidevanagari.com and omgayatri.com. If you find any similar text in any other reference please inform us.
  • Hindi (DevaNagari) AkShar
  • Vowels and consonants together are called AkShar/s (अक्षर). AkShar means something immortal. ‘kShar’ (क्षर) means ‘cease to exist’ or ‘which will not remain’. ‘A’ is used here as ‘un’, so ‘AkShar’ means something ‘which remains’ (nonperishable)!Knowledge remains in the form of AkShar/s.
  • Simply speaking an AkShar is a letter.
  • In a chapter titled ‘AkShar vignyaan’ of a book titled ‘vaidik sampatti’, ‘AkShar’ is compared to an atom! (Then ‘conjuncts’/’syllables’ becomes molecules. ;-)
  • ‘kShar’ also means ‘agnyaan’ (lack of knowledge), so we can say ‘AkShar’ mean ‘not lack of knowledge’ or ‘knowledge’!
  • Hindi (DevaNagari) maatraaEN
  • In Hindi/Sanskrit, maatraa means extent or amount! So a maatraa represent amount of a vowel. Every vowel (except one) has a corresponding sign (or mark) called its maatraa.
  • We may not make plural of matra (or maatraa) simply by appending s (like matras or maatras), because in Hindi, the word maatraaEN (मात्राएँ) denotes plural form of maatraa (मात्रा).
  • There are marks which are applied over vowels. These marks (like ‘chandra-bindu’: ‍ँ) are ‘vowel modifiers’ and are also called matraaEN.
  • Marks or signs of consonants like ‘Anuswaar’, ‘visarg’, ‘reph’ and ‘rakaar’ are also called maatraaEN! We will see what these marks means and how they look like!
  • DevaNagari is Syllabic
  • In DevaNagari, we do not simply write characters one after the other.
  • The maatraaEN (vowel marks) are applied over Consonants to form syllables. A maatraa represent an ‘amount’ (or presence) of a vowel in a syllable. Syllable can be called शब्द-खन्ड!
  • Remember a maatraa is applied over an Akshar like a diacritic is applied over a letter in Latin. The main difference is that most of the maatraaEN connect to akshars while diacritics generally do not connect to the letters.
  • A conjunct is called a ‘joDd-Akshar’ (‘joDd’ means join or joint).
  • Tentative Nagari varNNamaalaa (Varnamala)
  • In DevaNagari, we can study alphabets under following categories.
1. swar/s (स्वर / Vowels & Diphthongs) 13
2. vyaNjan/s (व्यंजन / Consonants) 33
3. maatraaEN (मात्राएँ / Vowel-Signs / matras) 12
4. chihn/s (चिह्न / Marks / chihnas) 08
5. Aavashyak joDdakShar/s (आवश्यक जोड़ाक्षर /
Essential Conjuncts)
10
6. ANk/s (अंक / Digits) 10
7. viraam chihn/s (विराम चिह्न / Punctuation Marks) 10
8. Anya (अन्य / Miscellaneous) 08
  • So, there are more than 100 basic letter-forms in DevaNagari.
  • The first thought that comes to one’s mind is that in comparison to about 70 characters in English you have to learn more than 100 alphabets in DevaNagari. Let me remind you that it is not only about learning more characters, its more than that. As you may know there are rules for writing/forming DevaNagari words. But almost all the primary school students learn it without much of difficulty.
  • Think of the big reward! -
    You will be able to write anything you speak – A N Y  T H I N G !!
    without having to worry much about how it will be pronounced.
  • You Write What You Speak
  • DevaNagari is a phonetics based script. Words are written largely according to phonetics (pronunciation). There are rules for pronouncing a written word. Possibility that a written word is pronounced differently is very less in Naagari. So, generally we get clear pronunciations of written words.
  • Indic languages do not require memorizing spellings. We need to be a bit careful about which maatraa (vowel sign) is correct for a particular word; which also help in correctly pronouncing that word. It also help in preserving the correct pronunciations of words!
  • The Alphabet of DevaNagari is called varNNamaalaa (वर्णमाला; Varnamala). If you ask an Indian to recite alphabet of any Indian script, most likely he will fumble! You will definitely like to use this technique to memorize the ‘varNNamaalaa’. How about promoting it!
  • How to Memorize the Hindi Alphabet (varNNamaalaa)
  • Generally most of the Indians remember certain fragments of Varnamala. If they recall the leading (first) Akshar (alphabet) of a sequence, they will recite the rest of the sequence! Most of the sequences consists of five Akshars. Lots of people recite most of the vowels. They know that these vowels are in pairs, which helps. The Varnamala is also known as ‘Ka kha ga’ (क ख ग). So they also remember first consonant sequence (or its three letters). [Similarly Alphabet means alpha and beta; first two Greek letters.]
  • Following are the leading Akshars of the sequences.
  • We need to think of Varnamala as a list of sequences. We need to repeat these leading consonants of all these sequences; again and again.
  • As we easily recall the vowels (‘a’ sequence) and the first sequence of sparsh consonants (‘ka’ sequence), we should memorize the rest of the leading Akshars. After dropping the first two, we are left with six Akshars. We can form three words of two consonants each to further simplify the mnemonic (स्मृति सहायक)!
  • So, memorize these three words!
  • Most of us tend to forget Varnamala (वर्णमाला) after passing out of school. If you find it helpful, ask every-one (who speak an Indian language) to visit this page. I have personally explained it to many people and nobody complained! This mnemonic is also helpful to those who use other Indic-scripts.
  • Hindī Numbers from 1 to 100 in DevaNāgarī and Transliterated Roman.
  • The transliteration is as per our scheme called sNāgarī.
  • हिन्दी संख्याएँ, १ से लेकर १०० तक।
  • रोमन लिपी में ट्रान्सलिटरेशन (लिप्यान्तरण) के लिए ‘एस-नागरी’ का उपयोग किया गया है।

·         Hindī Numbers

·         हिन्दी संख्याएँ (saṅkhyāEn̐)

संख्याएँ…… हिन्दी शब्द…… Xliteration
शून्य shūnya
एक Ek
दो do
तीन tīn
चार chār
पाँच pān̐ch
छह chhah
सात sāt
आठ Āṭh
नौ nao/nau
१० दस das
११ ग्यारह gyārah
१२ बारह bārah
१३ तेरह terah
१४ चौदह chaodah (chaudah)
१५ पन्द्रह pandrah
१६ सोलह solah
१७ सत्रह satrah
१८ अठारह Aṭhārah
१९ उन्नीस Unnīs
२० बीस bīs
२१ इक्कीस Ikkīs
२२ बाईस bāEEs (bāĪs)
२३ तेईस teEEs (teĪs)
२४ चौबीस chaobīs (chaubīs)
२५ पच्चीस pachchīs
२६ छब्बीस chhabbīs
२७ सत्ताईस sattāEEs (sattāĪs)
२८ अट्ठाईस AṭṭhāEEs (AṭṭhāĪs)
२९ उनतीस Unatīs
३० तीस tīs
३१ इकतीस Ikatīs
३२ बत्तीस battīs
३३ तैंतीस tain̐tīs
३४ चौंतीस chaon̐tīs (chaun̐tīs)
३५ पैंतीस pain̐tīs
३६ छत्तीस chhattīs
३७ सैंतीस sain̐tīs
३८ अड़तीस Aḍ`atīs
३९ उनतालीस Unatālīs
४० चालीस chālīs
४१ इकतालीस Ikatālīs
४२ बयालीस bayālīs
४३ तैंतालीस tain̐tālīs
४४ चौवालीस chaovālīs (chauvālīs)
४५ पैंतालीस pain̐tālīs
४६ छियालीस chhiyālīs
४७ सैंतालीस sain̐tālīs
४८ अड़तालीस Aḍ`atālīs
४९ उनचास Unachās
५० पचास pachās
५१ इक्यावन Ikyāvan
५२ बावन bāvan
५३ तिरेपन tirepan
५४ चौवन chaovan (chauvan)
५५ पचपन pachapan
५६ छप्पन chhappan
५७ सत्तावन sattāvan
५८ अट्ठावन Aṭṭhāvan
५९ उनसठ Unasaṭh
६० साठ sāṭh
६१ इकसठ Ikasaṭh
६२ बासठ bāsaṭh
६३ तिरेसठ tiresaṭh
६४ चौंसठ chaon̐saṭh (chaun̐saṭh)
६५ पैंसठ pain̐saṭh
६६ छियासठ chhiyāsaṭh
६७ सड़सठ saḍ`asaṭh
६८ अड़सठ Aḍ`asaṭh
६९ उनहत्तर Unahattara
७० सत्तर sattara
७१ इकहत्तर Ikahattara
७२ बहत्तर bahattara
७३ तिहत्तर tihattara
७४ चौहत्तर chaohattara (chauhattara)
७५ पचहत्तर pachahattara
७६ छिहत्तर chhihattara
७७ सतहत्तर satahattara
७८ अठहत्तर Aṭhahattara
७९ उनासी Unāsī
८० अस्सी Assī
८१ इक्यासी Ikyāsī
८२ बयासी bayāsī
८३ तिरासी tirāsī
८४ चौरासी chaorāsī (chaurāsī)
८५ पचासी pachāsī
८६ छियासी chhiyāsī
८७ सत्तासी sattāsī
८८ अट्ठासी Aṭṭhāsī
८९* नवासी navāsī
९० नब्बे nabbe
९१ इक्यानबे Ikyānabe
९२ बानबे bānabe
९३ तिरानबे tirānabe
९४ चौरानबे chaorānabe (chaurānabe)
९५ पंचानबे pan̐chānabe
९६ छियानबे chhiyānabe
९७ सत्तानबे sattānabe
९८ अट्ठानबे Aṭṭhānabe
९९ निन्यानबे ninyānabe
१०० सौ sao (sau)
  • * Vidarbhaits pronounce ८९ as उन-नब्बे (Un-nabbe).
संख्याएँ हिन्दी शब्द… Xliteration
१,००० हजार hajāra
१,००,००० लाख lākh
१,००,००,००० करोड़ karoḍ`
१,००,००,००,००० अरब Arab
१,००,००,००,००,००० खरब kharab
  • Saral Nagari
  • Nagari (नागरी; naagaree) is also known as DevaNagari (देवनागरी; devanaagaree). It is name of a script used for writing many of the South Asian (mainly Indian) languages.
  • Saral (सरल) means simple.
  • In Nagari, it is possible to form lot of conjuncts. Scholars like handling complex things, so they may like lots of conjuncts. But lots of conjuncts are counterproductive for reasons mentioned in this page.
  • Why we should keep things simple?
  • Following are my opinions, findings and some short of research. If you don’t agree please let me know why you don’t agree.
1. For general public, it makes no sense to master lot of things about the script they use.
A script is a means/medium for communication, recording or storing information for most of the people and not a subject of expertise.
2. Most people who use Nagari regularly can’t even recite/scribe basic Nagari varnamala (वर्णमाला; alphabet; varNNamaala)! Mainly because there are more Akshars (consonants and vowel forms) in Nagari then there are letters in English.
3. It may require a little bit of more processing (time) to analyse a relatively complex syllable.
4. There are some rules about forming syllables using consonants and vowels.
5. There are modified (altered) consonants and vowels for accommodating Arabic and European pronunciations.
  • No typographer or engineer can satisfy few scholars’ need for lot of conjuncts and general public’s expectation of a simple script at the same time.
  • Conjuncts do not convey any additional information and avoiding them do not result in any loss of information.
  • So except those conjuncts which are in general use, we should not use odd conjuncts. Otherwise Hindi-baiters may start arguing that Nagari is not good for regular use!
  • So I have never included odd conjuncts in my font files!
  • The alphabet given here is a logical subset of regular DevaNagari alphabet. All Akshar/s (अक्षर; letter/s) & maatraa/s (मात्रा; vowel-mark/s; matra) representing unique phoneme are included. For a simple alphabet, Nagari seems a proper word! If you don’t agree, you may call the alphabet given here as – ‘Saral Nagari’!
  • Basic Nagari varNNamaala lists all the consonants and the vowels (but no ‘maatraa/s’ and stress signs). It includes very few regularly used conjuncts (also known as AkhaND/s). If we start collecting all the conjuncts ever used, there will be more than a hundred.
  • It is really very important and urgent that we should take necessary steps to make typing and reading DevaNagari as easy as possible on different types of computers and devices.
  • Hindī is a major language spoken mainly in India. It is probably the third most spoken language after Mandarin (Chinese) and English worldwide! >>>
  • The most important thing one should always remember is that the word ‘Hindī’ (हिन्दी, hindee) represents a language; while the word ‘Hindū’ (हिन्दू, hindoo) refers to a religion. Hindū generally means a follower of ‘Hinduism’.
  • The words ‘Hindī’ & ‘Hindū’ are very very loosely related! >>>
  • The language – Saṅskṛit (संस्कृत) is more closely related with Hinduism.
  • ‘DevaNāgarī’ (aka Nāgarī) is the name of the script used to write ‘Hindī’, ‘Marāṭhī’, ‘Saṅskṛit’, ‘Nepālī’ and many dialects of Hindī.
  • Hindī is the official-language (rāj-bhāshā) of Bhārat (India). हिन्दी भारत की राजभाषा है।
  • True patriots like ‘Subhāsh-chandra Bose’ and fearless saints like ‘Dayānand Sarasvatī’ advocated use of Hindī for national integration.
  • This page has little mythology! The Om symbol is discussed here as a symbol (letter/character) and also as a word (syllable/sound).
  • Hindi and Sanskrit words are written in Roman as well as in DevaNagari Alphabet.
  • It is the smallest mantra (मंत्र; mantraa). It is also called pranav-mantra. Probably ‘pranav’ (प्रणव; praNNav) means primordial (मूल; mool).
  • A mantra is a word or a phrase used for meditation and chanting.
  • A shloka (श्‍लोक; shlok) is a verse. Generally people use the words – ‘mantra’ and ‘shloka’ as synonyms!
  • Sacred ancient Indian texts like Vedas (वेद; ved), are collections of shlokas. Some of these shlokas are used as mantras.
  • It is a common practice to begin other mantras with ‘Om’. E.g. ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ (ॐ नमः शिवाय; Om namah shivaaya), ‘Om Shanti Shanti’ (ओम शांति शांति; Om shaanti shaanti).
  • Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism originated from India after Hinduism. These religions adopted lots of Hindu philosophies and practices. These religions have their own form and understanding of ‘Om’. Religious minded Hindus believe that ‘Om’ is the ultimate, hyper or super-natural sound!
  • Using DevaNagari alphabet, this word can be written as ‘ओम्’ or ‘ओम’. It is general practice in DevaNagari to drop the last ‘halant’ (i.e. ‘‘). So ‘ओम’ is generally preferred over ‘ओम्’.
  • Generally the spelling ‘ओम’ is used in literature (as noun); while the sign/symbol ‘ॐ’ is used for religious purposes.
  • Some of us are not yet very sure of the precise meaning of the word ‘Om’! It is certainly related to the God/Heaven!
  • Twelve verses of ved collectively called ‘माण्डूक्य उपनिषद’ (maandookya Upanishad) tries to explain this sacred word Om or ‘AUm’ (अ-उ-म्).
  • As per the Sanskrit/Hindi grammar (‘vyaakaraNN’; व्याकरण) the vowel ‘O’ (ओ) is sometimes substituted for two consecutive vowels ‘A’ (अ) and ‘U’ (उ); Generaly public too prefer ‘Om’ instead of AUM (‘AUm’)!
  • Gayatri Mantra (गायत्री मंत्र; gaayatree maNtra) like many other vedik shlokasstarts with Om. That’s why I assumed that Om (ओम) means ‘My Lord’ or ‘Oh, our God’ (‘हे परमेश्वर‘); I may be wrong.
  • Some people say there is a relation between the words ‘Om’ and ‘Amen’; others doubt it!
  • An ‘Om symbol’ is a sign (glyph, shape) to write (scribe, represent) the ‘Om’ sound.
  • ‘Om symbol’ is called ‘Omkar’ (ओम्-कार; Omkaar) or ‘Onkar’ (ओंकार; ONkaar). ओंकार can be written as ओँकार (ONnkaar).
  • As discussed earlier, the ‘Om’ sound can be written as ‘ओम’ in DevaNagari. So ‘ॐ’ is a kind of short cut of the word ‘ओम’ in DevaNagari and other Indic scripts.
  • People use this sign/symbol for meditation and worship.
  • Om symbol is drawn mostly as in the picture below i.e. as ‘ॐ’.
  • If you want a bigger picture of the ‘Om symbol’, click the above picture.
  • YES. It is main religious symbol for Hindus and Buddhists (Bauddh; बौद्ध). Sikhs have a derived form called ‘एक ओंकार’ (‘Ek ONkaar’).
  • In Hindi and Sanskrit,
    shape = AAkaar (आकार) or AAkRIti (आकृति)
    glyph = AkShar (अ‍क्षर) or AkSharaakRiti (अ‍क्षराकृति)
    indicate = saNket (संकेत)
    symbol = saNket + AkShar (संकेत-अक्षर)
    saNket + AkShar = saNketaakShar (संकेताक्षर)
    sign = chihna (चिह्न)
  • In Hindi ‘dharma’ means religion. So it is mainly a religious symbol (dhaarmik chihn; धार्मिक चिह्न).
  • Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati (महर्षि दयानन्द सरस्वती; maharShi dayaanand sarasvatee) was founder of the ‘Arya Samaj’. He used to write ‘ओ३म्’ instead of ‘ओम’. The ‘३’ (DevaNagari digit 3) between ‘O’ and ‘m’ is called ‘ploot’ (प्लूत). Dayanand used ‘ploot’ to emphasize long pronunciation of ‘O’. Only followers of Dayanand Saraswati (members of ‘Arya Samaj’) write ‘ओ३म्’ instead of ‘‍ॐ’.
  • The syllable that is prior to a ploot is pronounced for a longer time/period (more than double). So ‘ओ३म’ is to be pronounced as OOOm (o..m).
  • There is no scientific study to prove that ॐ is better or more powerful than any other symbol or letter for meditation etc. No symbol can really bring good luck, wealth or power. This symbol is sometimes misused by greedy preachers/god-man. How about using this symbol for peace!
  • If a dark circle (or a point) can help you in meditation then the Om symbol will also help.
  • Someone wrote that a reverse (flipped) Om brings bad luck. Luckily most Hindus do not believe in such nonsense. If you care for sentiments of Hindus (who are mostly peace-loving), avoid drawing this symbol on footwear, near dirty places, etc. If you want to make tattoos including this symbol, please try to maintain the shape and avoid tattooing it on leg, thigh, etc.
  • Gāyatrī Maṅtra is the most important and popular Saṅskṛit shlok/a (verse) of the Ved/as. Hindus love to chant this sacred religious shlok as maṅtra. It is sometimes called ‘Mahā Maṅtra’. Mahā means ‘great’.
  • In DevaNāgarī script :
  • ॐ भूर्भुवः॒ स्वः॒
    तत्स॑वितुर्वरे॑ण्यम्
    भ॒र्गो॑ दे॒वस्य॑ धीमहि।
    धियो॒ यो नः॑ प्रचो॒दया॑त्॥
  • Without Stress Marks & Halaṅt:
  • ॐ भूर्भुवः स्वः
    तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यम
    भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि।
    धियो यो नः प्रचोदयात॥
  • In Roman alphabet (using sNāgarī transliteration):
  • Om bhūr-bhuvaḥ svaḥ,
    tat-savitur-vareṇ·yam,
    bhargo devasya dhīmahi,
    dhiyo yo naḥ pracho-dayāt.
  • ॐ (ओ३म्) = Om or AUm
    भूर्भुवः (भूर्-भुवः) = bhūr-bhuvaḥ
    स्वः = svaḥ
  • तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यम्
    (तत्-सवितुर्-वरेण्यम्) = tat-savitur-vareṇ·yam
  • भर्गो (भर्-गो) = bhargo
    देवस्य = devasya
    धीमहि = dhīmahi
  • धियो = dhiyo
    यो = yo
    नः = naḥ
    प्रचोदयात (प्‌रचोदयात) = pracho-dayāt
  • There are variations/differences in the interpretations of the Gāyatrī Maṅtra by various scholars. But every one agrees that it is a great prayer.
  • By Max Muller :
    Let us obtain (meditate on) the adorable splendour of Sāvitrī (Sun? God), may He arouse our minds.
  • By Maharshi Dayānand Sarasvatī :
    ‘O God, You are the giver of life, the remover of pain & sorrow, the bestower of happiness; O Creator of the Universe, may we receive Your supreme sin-destroying light; may You guide our intellect in the right direction.’
  • Om = praṇav maṅtra = a word related to the God
  • bhū(r) = bhūḥ = the earth
    bhuvaḥ = bhuvarlok, the air (vāyu-maNdal)
    svaḥ = svarg, heaven
  • tat = that
    savit(ur) = savit/a = Sun, God
    vareṇya(m) = adopt(able), follow
  • bhargo = energy (sin destroying power)
    devasya = of the deity
    dhīmahi = meditate or imbibe
  • dhiyo = plural of dhī (dhi?) = mind, the intellect
    yo = Who (God)
    naḥ = our
    prachodayat = inspire, awaken
  • Excuse me for writing the (following) translations of the mahā maṅtra…
  • भू:, भुव: और स्व: के उस वरण करने योग्य (सूर्य) देवता,,, की (बुराईयों का नाश करने वाली) शक्तियों (देवता की) का ध्यान करें (करते हैं),,, वह (जो) हमारी बुद्धि को प्रेरित/जाग्रत करे (करेगा/करता है)।
  • Simply :
  • तीनों लोकों के उस वरण करने योग्य देवता की शक्तियों का ध्यान करते हैं, वह हमारी बुद्धि को प्रेरित करे।
  • The God (Sun) of the Earth, Atmosphere and Heaven, that who is to be followed, we meditate on his power, may He inspire (guide) our intellect/minds (consciousness).
  • The main difference in the various interpretations seems to be in the first stanza!
    According to Dayānand Sarasvatī (saraswatee) -
    bhūḥ (bhūr) = praṇādhār (basis of life)
    bhuvaḥ = remover of sorrow
    svaḥ = giver of happiness
  • English-Hindi

·         Hindī: हिन्दी

·         A Popular Language

·         Just A Language!

·         Who speak Hindī? >>>

·         Where Hindī is spoken? >>>

·         The Script of Hindī

·         Hindī and Urdū are similar. >>>

·         Hindī and Bhārat (India)

·         Why every Indian should try to learn basic Hindī at least for a month or so?

·         Om Symbol – ॐ

·         What is Om?

·         The Meaning of Om or AUM

·         The Om symbol – ओंकार

·         Is Om a religious symbol?

·         What is ओ३म् (O3m)?

·         Is Om the most powerful symbol?

·         Can Om symbol help you in meditation?

·         Proper Use of Om

·         Gāyatrī Maṅtra – गायत्री मंत्र

·         Transliteration of Gāyatrī Maṅtra

·         Interpretations of Gāyatrī Maṅtra

·         Meaning of Words in The Maṅtra

I Mein
He Woh / Usne
She Woh
You Tum / Aap (respect)
It Yeh
A Ek
Come Aao / Aaiye (respect)
Came Aaya ( he) / Aayee (she) / Aaye (plural)
Will come Aayega (he) / Aayegi (she) / Aayenge ( plural)
Open Kholo / Kholiye (respect) / Kholna
Opened Khola
Will open Kholega (he) / Kholegi (she) / Kholenge (plural)
Sit Baitho / Baithiye (respect) / Baithna ( to sit)
Walk Chalo / Chaliye ( respect) / Chalna (to walk)
Eat Khao / Khaiye (respect)/  Khana (to eat)
Drink Piyo / Peejiye (respect) / Peena (to drink)
Win Jeetna(to win)
Go Jaao / Jaaiye (respect) / Jaana (to go)
Run Daudna
I go Mein jaata hoon
He goes Woh jaata hai
He eats an apple Woh sev khaata hai 
He is eating an apple Woh sev khaa raha hai 
He ate an apple Usne sev khaya
I saw the film last week Meine pichhle saftah film dekhi
She came by bus yesterday Woh kal bus se aayee
They went to the temple Ve mandir gaye
He slept the whole night Woh raat bhar soya
He wrote well in the examination Usne exam achcha likha  
He has eaten Usne khaa liya
He had eaten Usne khaa liya tha
He had gone Woh chala gaya tha
He had come Woh aaya tha
He will eat Woh khaayega
He will go Woh jaayega
He will come Woh aayega
What is your name? Tumhara /Aapka  naam kya hai ?
What Kya
Is Hai / Hein (respect)
Your Tumhara / Aapka (respect)
Name Naam
What did you do? Tumne / Aapne (respect) kya kiya ?
What should I do? Mein kya karoon ?
What can I do? Mein kya kar sakta hoon ?
What are the questions? Kya sawal hein ?
What were the questions? Kya sawal the ?
What is the last question? Aakhiri sawal kya hai ?
What is written in the letter? Khat mein kya likha hai ?
What you had been told? Tumhein kya kaha gaya tha ?
What will be the answer? Jawab kya hoga ?
Why did you come? Tum / Aap kyon aaye ?
Why did you sleep? Tum / Aap kyon soye ?
Why did you tell him to go? Tumne use jaane ko kyon kaha ?
Why did he bring the bag? Woh bag kyon laya ?
Why did she pay the money? Usne paisa kyon diya ?
Why did they sit there? Ve wahan kyon baithe the ?
Why do you drive the car? Tum / aap car kyon chalate ho ?
Why did they come late for the meeting? Ve meeting ke liye deri se kyon aaye ?
How did you come? Tum / aap kaise aaye ?
How did you sleep? Tum kaise soye ?
How did you drive the car ? Tumne car kaise chalayee ?
How did you write? Tumne kaise likha ?
How many apples are there in my hand? Mere haath mein kitne sev hein ?
How many did you take? Tumne kitne liye ?
How much did he pay you? Usne tumhen kitna paisa diya ?
How much distance to go? Aur kitni door jana hai ?
How was the journey yesterday? Kal ki yatra kaisi thi ?
Which way did you come? Tum / Aap kis raaste se aaye ?
Which is your favourite colour? Tumhara /Aapka pasandida rang kaun sa hai?
In which room did you sleep? Tum / Aap kaunse kamre mein soye ?
Which story did you tell? Tumne kaunsi kahani batayee ?
Which is the sweetest fruit? Sabse meetha fal kaunsa hai ?
Which is the best newspaper in Hindi? Hindi mein sabse achcha newspaper kaunsa hai ?
Which Indian state has the largest population? Kis bharatiya rajya ki jansankhya sabse jyada hai ?
Where are you coming from? Aap / tum kahan se aa rahe ho ?
Where did you sleep? Tum kahan soye ?
Where is the manager’s cabin? Manager ka cabin kahan hai ?
Where should I go? Mujhe kahan jaana chahiye ?
Is it a book? Kya yeh kitab hai ?
Yes, it is a book Haan, yeh kitab hai
Is it the answer? Kya yeh jawab hai?
Yes, it is the answer Haan yehi jawab hai.
Will you come with me? Kya tum mere saath aaoge ?
I shall come with you. Mein tumhare saath aaunga.
Will you give me your pen? Kya tum mujhe apna pen doge ?
Yes, of course. Haan, zaroor
Do you love me ? Kya tum mujhe pyar karte ho ?
Yes, I love you. Haan mein tumhein pyaar karta (m) / karti(f) hoon
Can you give me your pen? Kya tum mujhe apna pen de sakte ho?
Can you lift the box? Kya tum box utha sakte ho ?
Can you write the exam? Kya tum pariksha likh sakte ho ?
Did you have your lunch? Kya tumne dopehar ka khana khaya ?
How are you? Tum kaise ho / Aap kaise hain ?
I am fine Main achha hoon
  •   Metode de a comunica
  •   Buna dimineata – Subh prabhat
  •   Ziua buna! – Subh din
  •   Buna ziua! – Subh sandhya
  •   Noapte buna! – Subh ratri
  •   Buna – Namaskar / Namaste / subh din
  •   Ramas bun!(la hindusi) – Namaste
  •   Ramas bun! (la musulmani) – Khuda hafiz
  •   Ce faci?  – Ap kaise hain?
  •   Fac bine,multumesc! – Bahut accha, sukriya
  •   Fac bine,multumesc! – Main thik hun, dhanyavad
  •   Hindusii saluta cu “NAMASTE” raspunzand la salut tot cu “NAMASTE”
  •   Musulmanii saluta cu “SALAM  ALEKUM”,raspunzand la salut cu “VALEKUM AS  SALAM”
  •   Questions
  •   Cine este acela? – Yah kaun hai?
  •   Ce este acela? – Yah kya hai?
  •   Ce este acesta? – Vah kya hai?
  •   Unde este? – Vah kahan hai?
  •   Unde este <rani>? – <Rani> Kahan hai?
  •   Cat costa asta? – Yah kitne ki hai?
  •   Cine esti? – Ap kaun hai?
  •   Care este numele tau? – Apka subh nam kya hai?
  •   De unde esti? – Ap kahan ke rahne vale hain?
  •   Din ce tara esti? – Ap kis des ke hain?
  •   Cati ani ai? – Ap ki umar kya hai?
  •   In ce domeniu lucrezi? – Ap kya kam karte hain?
  •   Ce studiezi? – Ap kya padethe hain?
  •   Ce s-a intamplat? – Kya bat hai?
  •   Vorbesti Hindi? – Kya ap hindi bol sakte hain?
  •    Cat este ceasul? – Kya samay hua? Kya baja hai?

           Verb list

  A

A avansa – age barhna

A raspunde- jawab dena

A veni – ana, pahunchana

A ataca – hamla karna

A incerca – koshish karna

B

A se scalda – nahana

A fi- hona

A suporta- sahna

A bate- marna

A cersi- mangna

A se comporta- bartav karna

A crede- vishwas karna

A-ti fi somn- nind ana

A incerca – thakna

A lega – bandhna

A musca- katna

A sparge – torna

A lua micul dejun – nasta karna

A aduce – lana

A adduce sus – palna

A arde- jalna, jalana

A izbucni – phutana

A ingropa- dafnana

A suna – bulana

A avea grija – parwah karna

A exprima – dhalna

A prinde – pakarna

A schimba – badalna

A curata – saf karna

A urca – charhna

A pieptana – kanghi karna

A veni – ana

A conversa – bat karna

A gati – pakana

A copia – nakal karna

A acoperi – dhakna

A se strecura – rengna

A plange – chillana, rona

A spune – kuchalna

A taia – katna

A se departa – juda hona, alag hona, jana

A urma – utarna

A sapa – khodna

A muri – marna

A servi masa – khana khana

A face – karna

A visa – sapna dekhna

A bea – pina to

A usca – sukhna, sukhana

A colora – rangna

A manca – khana

A iertaa – maf karna

A se astepta – asha karna

A explica – samjhana

A se exprim – vichar prakat karna

F

A se mandri – girna

to fear – darna

to fight – larna

to fill – bharna

to fly (in air) – urna

to fly (run away) – bhag jana

to forget – bhulna

to forgive – maf karna

G

  to get – pana

to get up – uthana

to give – dena

to go – jana

H

  to have – hona, rakhna

to hate – nafarat karna

to hear – sunna

to help – sahayata dena, madad dena

to hide – chhipana

I

  to improve – thik karna

to irrigate – pani dena

to irritate – chirhana, naraz karna

J

  to jump – kudna

to join – jorna

to judge – vichar karna

K

  to keep – rakhna

to kick – thokar marna

to kill – marna

to kiss – chumna, chumma lena

to know – janna

L

  to laugh – hansna

to lead – karne dena

to learn – sikhna

to let – makan kiraye dena

to lie (on bed) – letna

to lie (speak) – jhuth bolna

to lift – uthana

to like – chahna

to live (reside) – rahna

to live (not to die) – jina

to look – dekhna

to lose – khona

to love – pyar karna

M

  to make – banana

to measure – napna

to mould – dhalna

to move – sarkana

N

  to nibble – kutarna

O

  to open – kholna

to order – hukum dena

P

  to pat – thapthapana

to pay – dena

to play – khelna

to play (music) – baja bajana

to pour – dalna

to promise – vada karna

to pronounce – bolna

to pull – khinchna

to push – dhakka dena

to put – rakhna

Q

  to quarral – jhagra karna

R

  to read – parhna

to receive – pana

to recollect – yad karna

to recommend – sifarish karna

to reject – napasnd karna

to reply – jawab dena

to ride – charhna

to rise – uthana

S

  to say – kahna

to scold – dantna

to see – dekhna, talash karna

to seek – dhundhana

to sell – bechna

to send – bhejna

to sew – sina

to shake – hilna

to shout – chillana

to show – dikhana

to shut – band karna

to sing – gana

to sit – baithna

to sleep – sona

to smell – sunghana

to solve – hal karna

to sow – bonaLectii de hindi 3

to speak – bolna

to spin – katna

to spit – thukna

to stay – thaharna

to steal – churana

to stop – thaharna, tharana

to swim – tairna

T

  to take – lena

to talk – batchit karna

to taste – chakhna

to tear – pharna

to tease – tang karna

to tell – kahna, batana

to think – sochna

U

  to un derstand – samajhna

V

  to vomit – ulki karna

W

  to walk – chalna, ghumna

to wander – idhar-udhar phirna

to wash – dhona

to waste – barbad karna

to weep – rona

to weave – bunna

Hindi Alphabet

Learning the Hindi alphabet is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Without it, you will not be able to say words properly even if you know how to write those words. The better you pronounce a letter in a word, the more understood you will be in speaking the Hindi language.

Below is a table showing the Hindi alphabet and how it is pronounced in English, and finally examples of how those letters would sound if you place them in a word.

Hindi Alphabet

English Sound

Pronunciation Example

a as in apple

aa as in hat

e as in energy

ii as in Wii

ei as in mean

ei as in mean

ai as in mate

i as in history

o as in home

oi as in moisture

oii as in oyster

uu as in noon

ou as in mouse

u as in ultimate

B as in basket

Bha as in Bob Hansen

Ca as in California

Chha as in Rich Hansen

Da as in Dalila

Dha as in Edward Hansen

Fa as in fast

फ़

Fi as in Finland

Ga as in galaxy

Gha as in Ghana

ग़

Ghi as in Ghistapo

Ha as in hand

Ja as in Jakarta

Jha as in Jhahan

Ka as in Kashmir

Kha as in Khan

ख़

Khi as in blac<=”” u=”” style=”margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; “>story

L as in love

Li as in link

Li as in military

Lii as in Lima

Lii as in Bradley

Ma as in man

Na as in Namibia

N’a as in Stan Alan

Nia as in Niagara

Nae as in Nigeria

Ni as in Nicaragua

oms as in Tom’s book

Pa as in Panama

क़

Qi as in King

Ra as in rank

Ri as in ring

Ri as in risk

Ri as in Brie

Sa as in Sam

Sha as in Shanghai

Shha as in wash hand

Ta as in Tamara

T’a as in Matt Alan

Tha as in Thailand

Tha as in Thailand

T’ha as in Thailand

Thha as in Keith Hansen

ड़

ugDha as in drug down

ढ़

ugDhha as in hugged hand

Va as in vast

Ya as in yard

य़

Yi as in year

ज़

Za as in Zambia
 

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